Tadeusz Makowski( Artist)
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Biography Tadeusz Makowski
Tadeusz Makovsky (1882-1932) is considered one of the most significant Polish artists of the XX century. His canvases, filled with great lyrical feeling, attract sincerity, his special poetic world, kindness. Foreign his life was uneventful, but the interior is striking intensity and tension, a search of the truth in art, amazing artistic exacting. Makovsky came from a modest family bureaucratic. When the boy was time to learn in high school, parents moved to Krakow. After his graduation from the school in the family happens quite ordinary conflict-Makovsky's father wants to see it in mathematics, the young man feels the same irresistible penchant for the humanities and arts. Her mother supports her son, and in 1902, Makovsky enters the Cracow University, where he studied philosophy and philology. A year later, without disrupting classes at the university, the young man begins to engage in Krakow Academy of Fine Arts. Three years later, internally defined, Makovsky leaves and returns to the University of Fine Arts. The Academy of his teachers were recognized by the Polish painters - S. Mehof-fer and landscape I. Stanislavsky. Makovsky finished the Academy with a silver medal and decides to go for further improvement in the capital city of artists "- Paris.
In 1908, after a brief stay in Munich, young Poles settled in Paris. He suggests to stay here a year, but his life was formed so that even before his death, he leaves France. However, like his great. compatriot, Chopin, Makovsky has remained a Polish master as to the sources, and on unequivocal national color of his art. Initially, the biggest impression on the young painter produced impressive decorative panels Puvis de Chavannes, and under their influence begins "fresco" period of creativity Makovsky. He determined that his canvases the artist builds on the laws of fresco painting, surviving a plane, seeking harmony pale colors, decorative composition. Soon after a stormy artistic life of Paris makes Makovsky reassess values - Puvis de Chavannes think it archaic, belonging to the past century. Polish painter begins using the tips and lessons A. Le Fauconnier, one of the known representatives of the French contemporary art. Doctrine of Cubism gains in these years, the greatest strength and greatest number of followers, among whom is and Makovsky. Gradually, the artist was disappointed in the possibilities of cubism. In his diary, which he kept throughout life, Makovsky, wrote in December 1913: "I prefer to write really. Material material image in the painting - it is their wealth. I want to paint to create life. "
A return to realistic art comes under the influence study of products P. Bruegel, Rembrandt, the small Dutch and in the process of working with nature. Every summer, the artist traveled to Brittany and the Auvergne, where the painted landscapes and portraits.
Since 1918 the main characters canvases are children: the artist finds his subject, which will develop before the end of life. In 1922, under the influence of a small village concert, Makovsky creates one of his best paintings - "Children's Choir *. It is a group of four children with a beeper and drums, giving the "concert" in front of the inn, they are surrounded by birds and animals - a rooster, a canary, a cat, and look out the window of the students - three girls. Researchers creativity Makovsky noted that the world of children the artist displays from the inside, through the eyes of children themselves, he has no emotion sweet lisping adult - this world, he represents a genuine earnestness and kindness. Scenic commissioned paintings - sonorous bright colors, . schematization figure, . simplicity and generality of images - to some extent relies on neoprimitivnye art form - the actual children's drawings, . work of Henri Rousseau (his influence on Makovsky gave rise to friends of the artist called it "Polish Rousseau),
. In the late 20's - early 30-ies plots Makovsky several transformed - children are still the main characters of his paintings, . but their images appear more grotesque, . They resemble small wooden dolls, . act out theatrical presentation ( "Masquerade", . 1928 "Small Family", . 1928,
. Parade with a lantern, 1931, and others)
. However, this does not preclude creativity Makovsky kind of poetic lyricism and a little sad emotion. Artist dies suddenly, in the prime talent. His friends and admirers organized by the Society of Friends of Tadeusz Makovsky, set out to preserve the creative legacy of the Polish master. During the 30 years they organize personal exhibitions Makovsky in Paris, Venice, Vienna, during the war often nemalo'sil and courage in order to protect the fabric painter. In 1954 he took a triumphant return of the canvases by Tadeusz Makovsky in Poland, where they now occupy places of honor in museums and collections of Warsaw, Krakow, Poznan.