ANDREW III ALEXANDROVICH( Prince)
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Biography ANDREW III ALEXANDROVICH
ANDREW III Alexandrovich (count. 12)
From the kind of Vladimir-Suzdal Grand. kn. Yaroslav, son of Alexander Nevsky and the Prince of Polotsk. Alexandra Bryachislavny. Kn. Gorodetsky in 1264 - 1304 he. Kn. Kostroma in 1276 - 1293, 1296 - 1304 he. Conducted. kn. Vladimir in 1281 - 1284, 1292 - 1304 he. Kn. Novgorod in 1281 - 1285.1292 - 1304 he. J.: from 1294 g. daughter of Prince. Rostov Dmitry Borisovich, Prince. Vasilisa. + 27 June .1304 g.
In 1281, using the feud between the older brother Dmitriy and Novgorod, he decided to speak out against brother. He hurried to the Horde and for the rich gifts received from Khan Meng-Timur shortcut to a great reign and Tatar army. Dmitri, not waiting for the invasion, fled across the sea, while Tatars, who came from Andrew, devastated all the land near Murom, Vladimir, St. George, Suzdal, Pereslavl, Rostov, and Tver until Torzhok continue to Novgorod. But it soon came to him the news that Dmitry had returned from overseas, sat down in his Pereyaslavl and consolidated there, picking shelves. Andrew immediately went from Novgorod to Vladimir, and from there to Gorodets and from Gorodets went to the Horde complain Khan Tudoy Menga that Dmitri did not want to obey the Tatars and to pay tribute to them. In 1284 he returned to the Tatar regiments. Dmitri fled to the shores of the Black Sea, to the Khan Nagoya, hostile to the Golden Horde. Leg gave Dmitri their shelves. Andrew was forced to give up and returned to his brother Vladimir, but did not abandon hope of victory. In the same year he began to communicate with Novgorod, but when the war started, and Dmitri was to prevail, Andrew, to avert the disaster, lost for the second time and was even forced to ally Dmitry empty Novgorod parish. Then Andrew called to the Tartars and brought on Dmitri some prince of the Horde. However, when the Tatars were scattered for plunder, Dmitri suddenly hit on them, and Andrew, in defeat, had to yield once again. In 1292, united with the princes of Rostov, Uglich, Yaroslavl, and Belozersky, Andrew again went to complain to the Horde. Khan Tokhta heard complaints princes and sent them a large army. Dmitry did not manage to offer no resistance and fled to Pskov. The Tatars took Vladimir, looted the Assumption Cathedral, took then 14 other cities and devastated the whole land.
After the withdrawal of the Tatars, Andrew regained Vladimir and Novgorod. Soon Dmitry died. From the outset of his reign, Andrew had a great feud, with the Tver, Moscow and Pereyaslavl. In 1296 it almost came to war, but there were no bloodshed.
In 1300, Andrew Shelf Suzdal and Novgorod went to the Swedish fortress of Landskrona, built by the Swedes on the Neva. The city was captured, destroyed, part of the garrison was wiped out, partly taken away captive.
In 1302, he died Ivan D. Perei. He bequeathed his duchy Daniel of Moscow. Andrew did not want to allow use of a testament to Daniel's nephew, and immediately after the death of Ivan sent his deputies to Pereyaslavl. Daniel drove them and put their. Andrew went to the Horde complain Khan. Daniel, meanwhile, died, and his son Yury of Moscow conquered Pereyaslavl. When Andrew returned from the Horde to the label on Pereyaslavl reign, Yuri did not give him.
Andrew died, and not approving of their rights to Pereyaslavl. Buried in Gorodets in the church of St.. Michael.