Vladimir I Svyatoslavich( From the kind of Rurik)
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Biography Vladimir I Svyatoslavich
Sv. Vladimir I Svyatoslavich Red Sun (948 - 15.07.1015 +) (tribe 4)
From the kind of Rurik. Son of Svyatoslav Igorevich. Kn. Novgorod in 969 - 977 years. Conducted. kn. Kiev in 980 - 1015 years.
+ 15 July 1015, Mr..
According to the chronicler, Vladimir was the illegitimate son of Svyatoslav, begotten by him from a slave, housekeeper Olga's Malusha. Dyad'kov Vladimir's brother Malusha Dobrynya.
In 969, Svetoslav, who had just buried his mother and who was going into the new long march into Bulgaria, the eldest son sat Yaropolk prince in Kiev, and another son - Oleg - prince Drevlyane. At the time, came to Novgorod, and asking for a Prince. Having learned that the elder sons of Svyatoslav's reign had already received, they said: "If you do not go to us, you yourself eat our own prince". Svetoslav asked: "But who will go to you?" And tried to persuade it that with the older sons, but they refused. Then Dobrynia Novgorod said: "Ask yourself in the Vladimir princes. Vladimir of Novgorod began to ask, and Svetoslav agreed that he was their prince. In the same year, together with Vladimir Dobrynia went to Novgorod and Sviatoslav sailed in Pereyaslavets on the Danube. From this campaign he has not returned since the year 972 died in the Dnieper rapids. After the death of Svyatoslav his sons started to rule by Russia, seated each in his city. Vladimir was still too young for years and all the affairs for him disposed Dobrynya. In Polotsk then reigned Rogvolod, Varangian, who came from overseas and consolidate the power of Polotsk residents among its. Dobrynia began wooing Vladimir Rogneda, daughter Rogvolod. And he asked Rogvolod daughter: "You want to go for Vladimir?" But she replied: "I do not want to take off our shoes robichicha. For Yaropolk want ". Vladimir had heard about this response and was very angry, because he was offended by the fact that it was called robichichem. And the prince complained to his uncle, who, incensed fury warriors gathered and went to Polotsk. And Rogvolod was defeated in battle, and shut himself up in. Novgorodians same approaches to Polotsk, took him and took Rogvolod with his wife and his daughter. Dobrynya, mocking Rogneda, called her a slave and ordered Vladimir discredit her in front of his father and mother. After Rogvolod killed, and Rogneda became the wife of Vladimir, and bore him a son Izyaslav.
In 975 Yaropolk quarreled with his brother Oleg. Two years later he went to his war. Oleg was killed in battle, and Yaropolk seized his parish. When Vladimir of Novgorod heard that Yaropolk killed Oleg, then got scared and fled overseas. Yaropolk same set his Posadnik in Novgorod and became the one to own Russian land.
In 980, Vladimir returned to Novgorod from the Vikings and Yaropolk mayor said: "Come to my brother and tell him:" Vladimir is on you, get ready to fight with him "- and went on Yaropolk. When he reached Kiev with a large army, Vladimir besieged it, and Yaropolk locked himself in the city with his voivod lechery. When the siege dragged on, Vladimir began to collude with fornication, telling him: "Be my friend. If you kill my brother, I will read you as a father, and a great honor to receive from me, not because I started to kill the brothers, but he. But I was afraid that was made against him ". Fornication Ambassadors Vladimirov said: "I would be with the prince in your love and friendship". I have since forwarded Fornication with Vladimir, urging him to go to the city by storm. Fornication wanted to kill Yaropolk, but residents feared revenge. Then Fornication invented such a ruse. He began to speak Yaropolk if Kievites entered into an agreement with Vladimir, and have de escape from the city. Yaropolk believed him and ran out of Kiev, shut himself up in the native town, at the mouth of the river Ros. Vladimir came to Kiev, and after the siege Yaropolk in Native. Among the besieged soon began a severe famine. Fornication Yaropolk said: "Look, how many soldiers have thy brother. We do not beat them. Make peace with your brother ". Yaropolk agreed. Fornication is sent to Vladimir with these words: "Your thoughts came true, I will bring to you Yaropolk, get ready to kill him".
Vladimir, upon hearing this, went to his father's tower and sat there with the soldiers and their retinue. When Yaropolk came to Vladimir and entered the door, two Varangian raised his sword under his shirt. Fornication in the meantime shut the door and not let her enter. It was killed Yaropolk, and since that time Vladimir began to reign in Kiev, one.
Having established in power, Vladimir put it on the hill behind the Terem yard idols of the pagan gods: Perun wooden with a silver head and golden mustache, then Horsa, Dazhdbog, Stribog, Simargl and Mokosh. And they brought Kievites victims, calling them gods, and brought to them their sons and daughters, and polluted the land with the blood of Russian Hill, and he wrote the chronicler. Vladimir planted in Novgorod Dobrynya his uncle, while he lived in Kiev and was obsessed with carnal lust. Vladimir had several wives, and, among others, the widow Yaropolk, some Greek woman, a former first nun. At one time, Svyatoslav took her to Russia as a prisoner, and gave out Yaropolk for the sake of its beauty. When Vladimir made friends with her, she was already pregnant by Yaropolk and soon had a son - Svjatopolka. In Rogneda and Grecian Vladimir had another three legitimate wives and 800 concubines, 300 he had in Vyshegorod, 300 - in Belgorod and 200 - in the village Berestove. In addition, he had connections with many married women and girls.
Passion Vladimir pagan religion did not last long. In the year 986 came to Kiev from the Embassy of various nations, calling on Russia to apply to their faith. First came the Volga Bulgarians of Muslim faith and her praise of Mahomet, then foreigners from Rome by Pope preached the Catholic faith, and the Khazar Jews - Judaism.
The last came the preacher, sent from Byzantium. He began to talk to Vladimir about Orthodoxy, and listened to him with attention, Vladimir. By the end of the Greek flag showed the prince, which judgment-seat of the Lord had shown. On the right were righteous, in the gladness of going to heaven, and left - are sinners going to torment. Vladimir, sighing, said: "It is good to those on the right, and bad for those who left". "If you want to be righteous right, they were baptized," - said the Greek. But Vladimir replied: "Wait a bit, wanting to find out more about all faiths.
In 987 the prince called his boyars and the elders Gradskij and told them: "Come to me Bulgarians, saying:" Accept our law ". Then came the Germans and praised the law my. Then came the Jews. Now after all the Greeks came, scolding all the laws, and their praise, and talked a lot, talking about the beginning of the world and the existence of. Is it surprising they say, and wonderful to listen to them. They said they and other light. If someone, say, pass on our faith, then died, will revive and die to him forever, but if a different law to be, in the world to burn him in fire. What do you advise me? How do they respond? "The boyars and the elders replied:" Know, Prince, that no one scolded her, but always praise. If you want everything to find out, then went on my own men to see who and how to serve God ". Liked that speech to Prince and all the people. They chose ten men, glorious and intelligent, and told them: "Go first to the Bulgarians and experience their faith". They went and came to them, watched their bad deeds and worship in the mosque. When the ambassadors returned to his own land, said to them, Vladimir: "Go back to the Germans, from searching and they have everything, and from there go to the Greek land". The ambassadors came to the Germans, saw the service of their church, and then went to Constantinople. When they returned, Prince Vladimir summoned his boyars and the elders and told them: "Here, we had to send men, listen to the same everything, the former with them". And he turned to the ambassadors: "Speak to the warriors". They said: "We went to Bulgaria, watched as they prayed in a mosque. They are standing there without a belt, making a bow, sit and look back and forth like mad. And there is no joy in them, only sorrow and the stench of the great. Not good law of. And we came to the Germans, and saw in the temples of their various services, but the beauty not seen any. And we came into Greek territory, and led us to where they serve their God, and did not know - in heaven or on earth, we will: for there is no ground for such a spectacle and beauty of such a. I do not know how and tell about it. We know only that God dwells there with people, and their service is better than all other countries. Nor can we forget the beauty of that, for every person, if the taste of sweet, then she will not take bitter: and we can no longer stay here in paganism ". Listened to the ambassador, Vladimir turned for advice to the boyars, and they said: "If it was badly Greek law, it would not accept it's your grandmother, Olga, and she was the wisest of all men". And he asked Vladimir: "Where we take baptism?" They said: "Where you Lubo".
Vladimir had been quite going to be baptized, but then war broke out between him and the Greeks. In 988, Vladimir went with his army to Korsun (Kherson), and shut korsunyane. Russian stood on the side of the city that against the pier, and the beginning of the siege. However, the townspeople defended strongly, and there was no end in sight to the siege. But one of korsunyan named Anastasia let into the camp Vladimir arrow with a letter. In the letter stated: "dig and Pereyma water, it goes through the pipes from wells that are in your camp from the east". Vladimir, upon hearing this, looked at the sky and said: "If this comes true - baptized". He immediately ordered to dig across the path of the pipes and picked up the water. People fainted from thirst, and surrendered. Vladimir came to town with his retinue, and sent to the emperors Basil and Constantine: "Here, take your city has a glorious. I heard that you have a sister girl. If not give it to me, I will make your capital is the same as that of this city ". Kings answered this: "Christians ought not to grant the wives of the Gentiles: If the cross, then get it, and perceive the kingdom of heaven, and with our common belief'll. If you do not do this, we can not give my sister for you ". Vladimir replied to the envoys of the kings of this: "Tell me your kings this way: I am baptized, because even before experienced the law and your beloved to me of your faith and worship, which told me to send our men". The kings were pleased to hear that answer and begged her sister Anna to marry Vladimir. But she did not want to go to Russia, saying: "I'm going, both in full, it would be better for me here to die". The brothers replied: "Maybe God will pay you the Russian land to repentance, and Greek territory relieve the horrors of war. You see how much evil nadelala Greeks Russia? Now, if you will not go, then we will do the same thing in Korsun ". As soon forced her to give consent. Anna sat in the ship, saying goodbye to their neighbors, and with weeping, went through the sea. However, it sailed dignitaries and elders. When she arrived in Korsun, Korsuntsev came to greet her with a bow, introduced her to the city and put in tents. The princess said: "I was baptized Vladimir?" But she replied that no, because his eyes started to hurt and did not see anything. Then Anna had sent to her fiance to say: "If you want to get rid of the disease, they were baptized as quickly as possible, and if not baptized, you will not get rid of his illness". "If indeed the thing, - said Vladimir - that truly great Christian God". And he commanded to baptize themselves. Bishop Korsunskij with Tsaritsin priests, announcing, baptized Vladimir. And when laid hands on him, immediately began to see Vladimir and, sensing his sudden healing, he glorified God. Many of the fighters, seeing this miracle, too, were baptized. It happened in the church of St.. Basil, which stood in the middle of Korsun.
Then Vladimir took the princess, and Anastasia, and the priests Korsunskys with the relics of St.. Clement. I took it as church vessels and icons and all of this went to Kiev. Returning veto-person, Vladimir commanded to overturn idols - one chop, and other burn. Perun also ordered to bind to the tail of a horse and dragged him from the hill to the Dnieper. Then he sent Vladimir across the city with these words: "If someone does not come tomorrow at the river, whether rich or poor, or a beggar or a slave, then be my enemy!" Hearing this, people came to the Dnieper without number. Some stood in water up to the neck, the other on the chest, some holding babies. When all were baptized and went home, ordered to put Vladimir Church, to determine in which priests and lead people to baptism in the country of his. Then Vladimir sent to gather the best people have children and bring them to book-learning. Mother, seeing them, cried to him, as for the dead, for it is not yet firmly established a new faith. Thus the history of Christianity in Russia is described in the "Tale of Bygone Years". In the XIX - XX centuries, many historians way or another expressed their distrust of the chronicle story. Been questioned as the circumstances of the baptism itself, so much time and place of the official adoption of Christianity. Without going here into the details of scientific debate, let us cite only the book O.M. Rapova, where anyone can find a rich history of the issue.
Based on many sources Rapov so reconstructs the course of events late 80's - early 90-ies A century. In September, 987 in Asia Minor, a rebellion broke out Warda Phocas, the magnitude of which greatly frightened the emperor Basil II. At the end of 987 (or in the first half of the 988), he appealed for help to Vladimir Svyatoslavich. Then between the two governments began a diplomatic bargaining, the details of which are unknown to us. Vladimir agreed to send his army to Asia Minor, but demanded at the same time that his wife gave the Princess Anne. Basil did not object directly against this marriage, but pointed out that he could not give sister for a Gentile. Vladimir replied that he agreed to be baptized and, apparently, actually baptized at the beginning of 988 years in Kiev. In the summer of 988 years, as this clearly indicate the Greek and Arab sources, a detachment of Russian soldiers arrived in the Byzantine Empire and the emperor had great help in the battles of Hrisopolem and Avidosom. In the summer of 989 years, as seen from the Life of Vladimir, he went to the Dnieper rapids, waiting for the bride, but she never arrived. Then Vladimir realized that he had been deceived and in the late summer of 989, the besieged Chersonese, who after 9-month siege in April and May 990 was taken. In the summer of that year, after another exchange of embassies, Anna finally floated to the Chersonese, and there was to celebrate a wedding. Then the princely couple went to Kiev. In the late summer 990 years (1 August (?)) Were baptized and citizens.
Baptized, Vladimir turned to public affairs. From six wives he had 12 sons, and all he seated them in cities, giving each its own destiny. And he said to Vladimir: "It is not that the little towns near Kiev". And he began to put the city on the Desna, and Ostro, and Trubezh, and Sula, and Stugna. Dialing best men from the Slavs, Krivichy, Tschudi, Vyatichi, Vladimir populate their city, as was the war with the Pechenegs. In Kiev, calling on the Greek masters, Vladimir has put the Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and asked her Anastas Korsunianin. In 996 the church was consecrated, and gave it to Vladimir from all his wealth tenth. Soon after Vladimir had to fight with Pechenegs. He was defeated. To escape from his pursuers, Vladimir hid under a bridge near Vasilyeva and so escaped. In memory of this set of Vladimir Vasiliev Church of the Transfiguration and arranged on the occasion of the great feast. Convened at him, but the boyars, Posadnik and elders, and yet many people from different cities. And the prince was celebrating the eight days, and then came to Kiev and there are arranged a great celebration, called together an innumerable multitude. And so was Vladimir flow continuously, collecting on holidays in his palace almost the whole city. Generosity Vladimir vied with his own Solomon observes the chronicler. He commanded every beggar and the poor to come to the prince's court and take everything that I must: drink and food, and money. And for patients, who themselves could not walk, he commanded load of different fare and be down the food carts around the city, to apportion all comers.
In addition, every Sunday, the prince arranged in the palace and gridnitse feast, allowing him to come all the boyars, Gridnev, and constables and police constables, and men of the best, and used at these feasts all delicacies in abundance. When Vladimir heard, . that vigilantes reproached him for his stinginess, . He ordered everyone to forge a silver spoon, . saying: "Silver and gold will not find a militia, . Al warriors eat our silver and gold, . as my grandfather and father and his warriors delved down gold and silver ",
. So loved Vladimir squad, and always consulted with her about the structure of the country and about the war, and the laws, and he was always fortunate in everything.
On the death of his chronicler, reports the following. In 1015, Russ went to war Pechenegs. Vladimir, already sick, he sent against them his favorite son of Boris and his retinue, and he started to hurt even more. From this illness he died on July 15 in his village Berestove. His death on the orders of Svyatopolk, his stepson, have concealed from the people. At night, pulled down the platform between the two stands, wrapped the body of Vladimir in the carpet and dropped to the ground. Then he laid it on the sleigh, driven in Kiev and raised in the church of. Virgin.
The people, however, found out about the death of Prince. And people come together without number, and crying about it - the boyars as a defender of the country, the poor as their protector. And they put Vladimir in a marble coffin, and buried him with tears.
All the monarchs of the world. Russia. 600 brief biographies. Konstantin Ryzhov. Moscow, 1999.
Vladimir Svyatoslavich (mind. 1015, Berestov, near Kiev) - Prince of Kiev from 980. The son of Prince Svyatoslav Igorevich and housekeeper Malusha. Transferred its ownership of three sons, Svyatoslav went to the military campaign, from to-cerned has not returned. V. was imprisoned prince in Novgorod. In 977 reigned in Kiev brother Yaropolk attacked the middle brother Oleg, and killed him. Fearing for himself, in. ran "for the sea", gathered detachment Normans, conquered Kiev, and after death Yaropolk became the sovereign monarch. Thanks to a successful campaign against the Poles, Vyatichi, Yatvingians, Croats, Radimichi In. able to expand beyond Russia, to build a fortified city in the south and south-west. on the borders with pechenegs, allowing them to lead a stubborn fight. In an effort to strengthen the connection between the parts of its state-va, In. on the conquered lands were planted by people loyal to himself and his sons (on-ryh, according to the chronicler, was 12), attempted to create in Kiev pantheon of pagan gods for public worship. But soon in. realized that the pagan faith does not meet the objectives of its policy. In 987 or 988 in. baptized, receiving the name of Basil, followed by a Christian State. religion, by force forcing the pagans to abandon the old faith. The adoption of Christianity put Russia in a number of major European state-in, contributing to the spread of literacy, literacy, art. Byzantine Emperor. Basil II Bulgaroctonus for assistance in. in suppressing the revolt in Asia Minor and gave him a wife, her sister Anne. During the reign in. Kievan Rus was at the height of power, developed crafts and trade, and Kiev was decorated by many stone buildings, including to-income originating and the famous Tithe Church. Himself In. became one of the heroes of many epics and fairy tales under the name "Vladimir the Red Sun". It served him heroes Ilya of Murom, Dobrynia Nikitich etc.. defenders Russia. Shortly before his death in. Stud witness begins feudal. Was counted among the saints church.
Used materials kn.: Shikman A.P. Figures of national history. Biographical Directory. Moscow, 1997.
* * *
(cm. genealogical table I)
Parents: Svyatoslav I (945-972h), Malusha;
Wives and children:
1. Tin => Vysheslav (? -1013 +), Book. Novgorod (? -1013);
2. Rogneda (? -1000 +), Daughter Rogvolod, Prince of Polotsk, a divorce in the year 986 after the assassination attempt on her husband =>
Izyaslav (? -1001 +), Prince. Polotsk;
Yaroslav the Wise (978-1054 +);
Vsevolod, Prince. Vladimir and Volyn (?);
Dobronega Maria (? -1087 +), Wife of the King of Poland Casimir I renovator;
3. Malfrida (1002 +) => Svyatoslav, Prince. Drevlyane (? -1015 +);
4. ADEL =>
Mstislav (978-1036 +), book. Tmutarakan (? -1036);
Sudislav (? -1063 +), Prince. Pskov;
22 years (1036-1058) Sudislav spent in prison, where he was imprisoned brother Jaroslaw. Released nephews and died in Kiev, apparently childless;
5. Anna (? -1011 +), A Byzantine princess, sister of Emperor Basil II =>
Boris (ok.990-1015h), Prince. Rostov;
Hleb (?-1015h), Prince. Murom;
(cm. genealogical table)
Prince of Novgorod (from 969g.)
Vel.knyaz Kiev (980-1015);
988g. - Adoption of Christianity in Russia.
Younger son Svyatoslav. Subdued Vyatichi, Radimichi and Yatvingians; fought with pechenegs, Volga Bulgaria, Byzantium and Poland. When it built defensive lines on the rivers Desna, Sturgeon, Trubezh, Sula, and others, re-strengthened and built up with stone buildings Kiev.
When Vladimir I The Old State came into its heyday, the efforts of international prestige of Russia. In the Russian legend Vladimir called the Red Sun. Canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church under Ivan the Terrible
. * * *
. The traditional history of the reign of Vladimir, based on the "Tale of Bygone Years" (the beginning of the XII century.) Is as follows: Svyatoslav, the final departure of the Danube, has divided his principality into three parts, Vladimir, at the request of Novgorod, he planted in Novgorod (970)
. After the death of Svyatoslav, there arose a dissension between Yaropolk and Oleg Svyatoslavich; last fall (977). Fearing the same fate, Vladimir fled to Varangians overseas, two years later he returned, took Novgorod, declared war Yaropolk and prisvatalsya to Rogneda, daughter of the Prince of Polotsk. Refusal Rogneda led to the capture of Polotsk, the death of Prince Rogvolod and forcibly seize Rogneda in the wife of Vladimir. When Yaropolk died, Vladimir voknyazhilsya in Kiev (980). Varyags who helped Vladimir, demanded tribute, but Vladimir rid of them, sent them a part of towns, often sent away to Byzantium.
In 981 g. Vladimir wins Cherven city, 982 g. goes on Vyatichi, in 983 g. - In Yatvingians, and then die in Kiev Vikings-Christians, a father and son (the father refused to give his son as a sacrifice to the gods) in 984 g. - March to Radimichi, in 985 g. - Campaign against the Bulgarians do not know what - the Volga and the Danube.
In 986 g. Vladimir came to the ambassadors missionaries: Bulgarian-Mohammedans, hozarskie Jews, "the Germans" from the pope and the Greek "philosopher". Only the latter is planted in the soul of Vladimir seeds of Christianity. On the advice of the elders and the boyars, Vladimir sent an embassy to test the faith, was the best Greek. The boyars and the elders, guided by the example of Olga, advised Vladimir baptized.
In 987, after the defeat of Byzantine forces Bulgarians against the Emperor Basil II Byzantine general revolt Varda Fock, who declared himself emperor. Basil II was in trouble and asked for help from Prince Vladimir of Kiev. A contract in which Vladimir pledged to assist the emperor, and in return he undertook to pay for his sister Anna, Vladimir, for which Vladimir was baptized. Vladimir helped, but Anna did not come. Therefore Vladimir accomplishes a hike in the Greek town of Korsun (Chersonese in the Crimea) and captures it. In 988 in Chersonesos committed baptism of Vladimir and the wedding went there with the Byzantine princess Anna. Upon returning to Kiev Vladimir destroyed the idols, and baptized Kiev (988).
After the baptism of Vladimir made a few more trips, successfully fought off Pechenegs, built against them, the city. As a Christian, Vladimir cared about education (he attributed to the base of the first school) and on the construction of churches, having granted one of them tithe (996). Vladimir is not executed the "bandits", "fear of sin". But the bishops "have advised, and Vladimir fixed penalty soon, however, again replaced viroy (fine). Vladimir sent to areas of the sons. One of them, Yaroslav of Novgorod, rebelled. Vladimir was preparing to march on his son, but fell ill and died July 15, 1015, Mr.. How Vladimir before baptism was a staunch pagan (updated cult, human sacrifice) and zhenolyubtsem (5 wives, 800 concubines), so after the baptism, he is a model of Prince Christian. His generosity impacted in the richest feasts and lavish alms
. Vladimir had 11 sons, twelfth, Svyatopolk, was actually the son of Yaropolk.
. In the annals of their given names, but without specifying the order in which they followed in seniority: in one place, they put on the mothers, in another they follow a different order
Soloviev (cm. Volume 1 Chapter 6) on the basis of data on the distribution of the sons of the areas and other news suggests the following:
In Novgorod, where used to send the eldest son, was sent Vysheslav (ie. He assumed senior), but in the previous calculation of Vladimir's wife, Vysheslav placed after the sons Rogneda and Greek women (Julia), the widow Yaropolkovoy, and named his son chehini. If Vysheslav was a senior, he should have been born from his first marriage, a prisoner or in Novgorod and in Scandinavia, when he was about 18. Ioakimovskaya chronicle gives a satisfactory explanation, calling the mother Vysheslava Tin, wife Varyags.
For Vysheslavom should Izyaslav. Immediately after his marriage to Rogneda Vladimir married the widow of his brother and Yaropolk born Svjatopolka it should be put on the 3rd place; Sviatopolk received Turovsky parish and death Vysheslava and Izyaslav remained highest in the genus.
For Svyatopolk should Jaroslaw, also the son Rogneda. Yaroslav was first Rostov, and after the death Vysheslava transferred to Novgorod. This translation by Jaroslav senior Svjatopolka explained Dietmar evidence that Svyatopolk at this time was under the wrath of his father, and even in prison. Vsevolod, son Rogneda, too, received Vladimir-Volyn
. Sviatoslav, son Malfridy received land Drevlyane;
. Mother Mstislav, received Tmutarakan, Joachim calls Adel (Adel), Stanislaus, the second son of Adele, the same Joachim refers to Smolensk, and Sudislava - in Pskov;
. It now remains to determine the mother and the age of Boris and Gleb
. In the early Kievan chronicle their mother called bolgarynya, a municipality on the first - Rostov, and the second - Moore. But it is clear that here is referred to is the second order (996), because the first distribution of growth has been given to Yaroslav, so in some lists that were in the hands of Tatishcheva, adding that initially received the Moore Boris and Gleb - Suzdal. Silence of the earliest lists of parishes, Boris, Gleb, Stanislav, Sudislava and Pozvizda, leads to the conclusion that during the first mailing, all these princes were very small or not born at all.
In the annals of Jehoiakim the mother of Boris and Gleb named Princess Anna. In this case, the annual death of his father, Boris could not be more than 25 years, but the description can be judged that he was much younger.
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|Thanks Pts interesting!