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COLON Dmitri A.

( Statesman)

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Biography COLON Dmitri A.
Dmitry Andreyevich Tolstoy (1823, Moscow - 1889, St. Petersburg) - State. figure. Came from an aristocratic Count type. In 1843 graduated with honors from Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum, and, fascinated by science, studied the distribution of different religions in Russia, for which he was awarded the Academy of Sciences and bestowed a diamond ring from Nicholas I. In 1853 he was appointed director of the Office of the Ministry of Marine. In 1861 became manager of the Department of the Ministry of Education. Liberal views Tolstoy went no further than the abolition of serfdom, he remained opposed to reform 60 - 70-ies. - Judicial, rural and others, seeing in them a threat to the autocratic power. In 1865, Tolstoy was appointed chief procurator of the Synod. In 1866, after the assassination DD. Karakozov, when it was decided to pay serious attention to the education of youth, strengthening control over the system of public education, Tolstoy was added to his post as Minister of Education, which, according to K.D. Ushinskogo allowed "to push public education the weight of the two ministries'. In 1871 Tolstoy spent the reform of secondary education, aimed at the destruction of any kind was independent thought students. Introducing the study of dead languages, instead of general subjects; reorganized the real high school in uch-я+п¦, . reducing them in the training period, . and implemented the principle of estates: a parish school for "people", . uch real-School for merchants and industrialists, . classical gymnasium and un-t for the nobility,
. Tolstoy served as an opponent of higher education of women. That is why the liberal-democratic circles reform Tolstoy regarded as a reactionary. Although during his stay in power Tolstoy number of secondary and higher education institutions has nearly tripled, and the lowest - in more than 20 times, M. T. Loris-Melikov wrote about him: "A person is standing in the fifteen years at the head of one of the major branches of government, have created more harm to Russia than all the other figures, even in combination". In 1880, during the preparation of liberal reforms, Tolstoy was dismissed. The assassination of Alexander II buried the hopes of a new government policy and led in 1882 Tolstoy the post of Minister of Internal Affairs for guidance "solid order". Tolstoy has reorganized the Ministry of Internal Affairs and created a security office, where the provocation has become the norm intelligence work. However, the activity of GP. Sudeikina showed the danger of such tactics. Tolstoy, along with Kn. Pobedonostsev was the most striking, . straightforward and enlightened expression of narrow interests of the nobility, . preparing a draft "counter-reform" - the restoration of prior censorship (1882), . abolition of the autonomy un-Tov (1884), . introduction of rural chiefs (1889) and others,
. As someone, . known number of serious research ( "History of Financial Institutions of Russia since the founding of the state before the death of Empress Catherine II", . "Roman Catholicism in Russia", . Biographical Dictionary "People Catherine's time, etc.), . Tolstoy was appointed president of the Academy of Sciences,
. Being seriously ill, until the end of life remained at their posts for fear of coming to his place of people with liberal-democratic convictions.

Used materials kn.: Shikman A.P. Figures of national history. Biographical Directory. Moscow, 1997.




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Dmitry Andreyevich Tolstoy was a famous statesman. He was educated at Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum, and soon after it was determined to serve in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Department of Religious Affairs of Foreign Faiths. Subsequently, he served in the Marine Department, where he participated in the drafting of the statute of economic Admiralty. Activities of Tolstoy in the public field of a very diverse. At certain times he was to head the Department of Education, he was a senator, the post of Procurator of the Holy Synod, served as a member of the Council of State and Minister of Education. In this capacity he was actively engaged reformism: his efforts in the program of secondary education was included in-depth study of Latin and Greek languages. At a time when Tolstoy was led by the Ministry of Education, were open Historico-Philological Institute in St. Petersburg, Warsaw University and the Agricultural Institute in New Alexandria, Russian Philological Gymnasium in Leipzig. In addition, Dmitri A. held a number of reforms relating to spiritual education in Russia.

. As Minister of Internal Affairs Tolstoy implemented the initiatives aimed at supporting the nobility, was an advocate of strong government.

. In addition, Dmitri A. since 1882, was president of the Academy of Sciences
. He is author of 'Stories of financial institutions in Russia ...', as well as several articles on the history of Russia's education.

(1823, Moscow - 1889, St. Petersburg) - State. figure. Came from an aristocratic Count type. In 1843 graduated with honors from Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum, and, fascinated by science, studied the distribution of different religions in Russia, for which he was awarded the Academy of Sciences and bestowed a diamond ring from Nicholas I. In 1853 he was appointed director of the Office of the Ministry of Marine. In 1861 became manager of the Department of the Ministry of Education. Liberal views Tolstoy went no further than the abolition of serfdom, he remained opposed to reform 60 - 70-ies. - Judicial, rural and others, seeing in them a threat to the autocratic power. In 1865, Tolstoy was appointed chief procurator of the Synod. In 1866, after the assassination DD. Karakozov, when it was decided to pay serious attention to the education of youth, strengthening control over the system of public education, Tolstoy was added to his post as Minister of Education, which, according to K.D. Ushinskogo allowed "to push public education the weight of the two ministries'. In 1871 Tolstoy spent the reform of secondary education, aimed at the destruction of any kind was independent thought students. Introducing the study of dead languages, instead of general subjects; reorganized the real high school in uch-я+п¦, . reducing them in the training period, . and implemented the principle of estates: a parish school for "people", . uch real-School for merchants and industrialists, . classical gymnasium and un-t for the nobility,
. Tolstoy served as an opponent of higher education of women. That is why the liberal-democratic circles reform Tolstoy regarded as a reactionary. Although during his stay in power Tolstoy number of secondary and higher education institutions has nearly tripled, and the lowest - in more than 20 times, M. T. Loris-Melikov wrote about him: "A person is standing in the fifteen years at the head of one of the major branches of government, have created more harm to Russia than all the other figures, even in combination". In 1880, during the preparation of liberal reforms, Tolstoy was dismissed. The assassination of Alexander II buried the hopes of a new government policy and led in 1882 Tolstoy the post of Minister of Internal Affairs for guidance "solid order". Tolstoy has reorganized the Ministry of Internal Affairs and created a security office, where the provocation has become the norm intelligence work. However, the activity of GP. Sudeikina showed the danger of such tactics. Tolstoy, along with Kn. Pobedonostsev was the most striking, . straightforward and enlightened expression of narrow interests of the nobility, . preparing a draft "counter-reform" - the restoration of prior censorship (1882), . abolition of the autonomy un-Tov (1884), . introduction of rural chiefs (1889) and others,
. As someone, . known number of serious research ( "History of Financial Institutions of Russia since the founding of the state before the death of Empress Catherine II", . "Roman Catholicism in Russia", . Biographical Dictionary "People Catherine's time, etc.), . Tolstoy was appointed president of the Academy of Sciences,
. Being seriously ill, until the end of life remained at their posts for fear of coming to his place of people with liberal-democratic convictions.

Used materials kn.: Shikman A.P. Figures of national history. Biographical Directory. Moscow, 1997.




-------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------

Dmitry Andreyevich Tolstoy was a famous statesman. He was educated at Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum, and soon after it was determined to serve in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Department of Religious Affairs of Foreign Faiths. Subsequently, he served in the Marine Department, where he participated in the drafting of the statute of economic Admiralty. Activities of Tolstoy in the public field of a very diverse. At certain times he was to head the Department of Education, he was a senator, the post of Procurator of the Holy Synod, served as a member of the Council of State and Minister of Education. In this capacity he was actively engaged reformism: his efforts in the program of secondary education was included in-depth study of Latin and Greek languages. At a time when Tolstoy was led by the Ministry of Education, were open Historico-Philological Institute in St. Petersburg, Warsaw University and the Agricultural Institute in New Alexandria, Russian Philological Gymnasium in Leipzig. In addition, Dmitri A. held a number of reforms relating to spiritual education in Russia.

. As Minister of Internal Affairs Tolstoy implemented the initiatives aimed at supporting the nobility, was an advocate of strong government.

. In addition, Dmitri A. since 1882, was president of the Academy of Sciences
. He is author of 'Stories of financial institutions in Russia ...', as well as several articles on the history of Russia's enlightenment.


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