Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko( The diplomat, statesman, doctor of economic sciences)
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Biography Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko
Gromyko, Andrei Andreyevich (5.7.1909, the village of Old County Gromyko Gomel Mogilev province - 2/7/1989, Moscow), diplomat, statesman, doctor of economic sciences (1956). Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1969, 1979). Educated in Minsk Agricultural Institute (1932). In 1931 joined the Communist Party (b). Since 1936 Senior Researcher, Institute of Economics Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1939 transferred to the Commissariat of Foreign Affairs (NCID) USSR. By this time, as a result of the repression had destroyed virtually all the leading cadres of Soviet diplomacy, and Gromyko became quickly a career. In 1939 the head. U.S. Department of NCID in 1939-43 Counselor of the Embassy in the U.S.. Since 1943, Ambassador to the United States and at the same time envoy to Cuba. In 1944 headed the Soviet delegation at the Washington conference, where it was decided to establish the United Nations (UN), then head of the Soviet delegation at the United Nations conference in San Francisco (1945). Attended the work of the Crimea and the Berlin Conference in 1945. Present at the creation of the UN in 1946 and became the first permanent representative of the USSR in the UN. In 1946-50 and since 1958 member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Since 1949 1-st deputy. Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR. Since 1952 a candidate member in Feb.. 1956 - April. 1989 Member of the CPSU Central Committee. In 1952-53, Soviet Ambassador to Britain. After the death of I.V. Stalin began a new stage of his career: from March 1953 Gromyko 1 st Vice. Minister, and from Feb.. 1957 Minister of Foreign Affairs. He headed the Foreign Ministry, more than 28 years. Since April. 1973 to Sept.. 1988 member of the Politburo. Laureate of Lenin (1982) and State (1984) Prizes of the USSR. In March 1983 - July 1985, while 1-st deputy. Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. 2/7/1985 Gromyko became officially the highest post in the Soviet Union - Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Council in October. 1988 retired. During his stay in the U.S. Gromyko became well known in international circles, his eternally dissatisfied and gloomy expression on his face, and very uncompromising acts for which he received the nickname "Mr No". Author of memoirs "The point of all life", in which a word does not apply to repression during the reign of I.V. Stalin, or other "slippery" questions.