Alexander Andreevich Bezborodko( statesman, diplomat)
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Biography Alexander Andreevich Bezborodko
Bezborodko Alexander A. (1747, g.Gluhov-1799, St. Petersburg) - State. , diplomat. Place of Little Russia nobles. In 1755-1765 he studied at the Kiev Theological Academy. In 1765 - 1772 B. served in the Office of P.A. Rumyantsev, where, having a phenomenal memory and a great work ethic, able to become an indispensable member of. Accompanying P.A. Rumyantsev during the Russian-Turkish War (1768-1774), took part in the battles of Largo, Cahul and in the storming of fortifications Silistrie. IN-1775-Rumyantsev was presented to Catherine II and became her secretary for "making man-biten". At the end of 1778 B. wrote to his father about his service: "Through my hands're doing: Senate. Synod, foreign colleagues, not excluding the most secret, admiralty, agency Viceroyalty of the new model ". He became a favorite speaker of Catherine II, the majority of registered orders Empress emerged from his pen. In 1779 B. promoted to brigadier, and emupozhalovano1200 shower. In 1780, counted among the College of Foreign Affairs and became an influential adviser to Catherine II. Mastered the political views of the Empress, B. was their talented interpreter and diligent performer. In 1784 B. elected Ross. Academy of Sciences. He was bestowed the Order of Alexander Nevsky and the title of Count. From 1786 B: was a member of the Council of Catherine II and reported cases of primary importance. He proved himself an outstanding diplomat, concluding in 1792 in Iasi, a peace treaty with Turkey, in to-rum was confirmed by the accession of Crimea to Russia, and in 1795 - Convention on the third section of the Commonwealth. Being engaged in foreign policy problems, B. successfully solved the case and internal: a lot done for the development of postal services, putting in order the country's finances, etc.. After the death of Catherine II in 1796, BA, who knew about the main testament of the Empress, obviously, helped Paul 1 in the destruction of this document. Paul himself spoke about 1 MB: "This man is for me the gift of God". On the day of the coronation B. received a diamond cross and the star of the Order of St. Andrew, 30 thousand. acres of land and 6 thousand. shower; in 1797 he became a senator, and received the title of Chancellor of His Serene Highness Prince. Enlightened patron, B. striking contemporary luxury, hospitality and artistic taste, collecting one of the best in Russia collection of paintings.