Bulgarin Thaddeus Benediktovich( Writer, journalist, publisher)
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Biography Bulgarin Thaddeus Benediktovich
Bulgarin Thaddeus (Tadeusz) Benediktovich (1789, the estate Peryshevo, Minsk Voivodeship Grand Duchy of Lithuania - 1859, the estate of Karlovo, near Dorpat) - writer, journalist, publisher. Genus. family of Polish gentry. The trial is trapped by the lender's estate devastated family. Mother drove B. in St. Petersburg, where he was in 1798 - 1806 he studied at the land gentry Cadet Corps. In 1806 - 1807 fought against the French, was wounded at Friedland and awarded the Order of Anna 3rd degree. In 1808 participated in the Swedish campaign. Successfully began his military career was interrupted due to negligence on the service: Grand. Prince Constantine saw B., dressed in costume on the day of duty. Y B. friction began with the authorities ended that in 1811 the rank of lieutenant, he was dismissed from service. After heavy wanderings B. reached Warsaw. As the Polish legionnaires of Napoleon's army B. fought in Spain (1811) and in Russia (1812), rose to the rank of captain and was awarded the Order of the Legion of Honor. In 1814 he was captured by Prussian soldiers and the end of hostilities he returned to Warsaw. In 1819 B. arrived in St. Petersburg, where he soon became known as an enterprising publisher and writer. He met with nearly all the literary figures of his time, among his personal friends were VK. Kiichelbecker and A. S. Griboyedov. B. published J.. Northern Archives and involved in issues of the anthology "Polar Star", was the founder of Russia's first theatrical anthology "Russian waist, where the see the light fragments of" Woe from Wit "Griboyedov, and Russia's first private poured gas. "Northern Bee". Initially adhere to the liberal outlook, after the Decembrist uprising in 1825 B. friends with the government and became an unofficial informer for the Division III. Bitter struggle B. former supporters provoked a backlash, resulting in a swarm of B -. became loud and notoriety spokesman for the government officialdom and renegade. B. was the author of numerous books (173 volumes, for them to have been "written and published): essays, travel notes, stories, tales, etc.. Loud fame and commercial success has brought B. it nravoopisatelny, picaresque novel "Ivan Vyzhigin", about to-cerned A.S. Pushkin said: "A different composition in itself insignificant, but it is remarkable for its success or influence: And in that respect moral observation is more important than observing the literary". Published in a sequel, as well as its pseudo-historical novel popularity not enjoyed. B. - Author of "Memoirs" is not devoid of historical interest.