Wittgenstein Peter Hristianovich( military leader)
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Biography Wittgenstein Peter Hristianovich
Peter Hristianovich Wittgenstein (1768, Mr.. Nizhin - 1842, Mr.. Lemberg) - Military leader. Genus. noble family in the military. Service began in 1781 in the Life Guards regiment Semenov. The fighting was baptized in the war with Poland, where in 1795 led the squadron captured the battery of the enemy, for which he was awarded. Translated to the Caucasus, in. distinguished in the capture of Derbent. He commanded a regiment in the campaigns of 1805 and 1806 - 1807. During the war of 1812 commanded a corps covering the St. Petersburg. Successfully participated in the counterattack rus. army, but Napoleon crossing the Berezina his indecisive actions facilitated the French retreat. V. demanded humane treatment of the lower ranks, was brave and loved by soldiers. After his death in 1813, MI. Kutuzov. was appointed Chief. By conducting large-scale military operations has been unable to: losing the battle of Lutzen and Bautzen, and was replaced Barclay de Tolly. V. was severely wounded and returned to the army after the capture of Paris. In 1826V. was promoted to field marshal. Two years later, at the beginning of Russian-Turkish war, was appointed commander of Russian. troops, but, tk. in the army were Nicholas 1 and large staff officers, virtually no part in the hostilities did not play and after the fall of Varna, resigned. He lived in his estate Heaters Podolia Province.; In 1834 the Prussian king in memory of past achievements in. elevated him to princely dignity. He died during a trip abroad for treatment.