Katenin Pavel( poet, critic)
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Biography Katenin Pavel
Katenin Pavel (1792 - 1853), poet, critic.
Born on December 11 (22 NS) in the estate Shaev Kostroma province in a noble family. He received education at home. Early years were in the parent's estate.
Poetic activity Katenin began before the war of 1812 poems related to the Civil theme: "Our fatherland is suffering ..."," Story Tsinny "and others.
Since the beginning of the war goes to war with the Russian army enters Paris. In 1814 - 15 Katenin wrote the ballad "Singer", "Natasha", "Murderer", "goblin". In 1816 he published a ballad "Olga", in opposition to the poetic principles B. Zhukovsky (School Karamzin, Zhukovsky). In the ensuing controversy with the support of the position was made Katenin A. Griboedov. Katenin influenced the literary views Griboyedov Kuchelbecker, A. Odoevskogo, and in 1818 - 19 and on Pushkin. Fighting officer Katenin becomes a member of the Union of Salvation, and in 1817 - one of the leaders of the Military Society - a secret organization Decembrist. In 1820, as a colonel in the Life Guards regiment, for political reasons, dismissed, expelled in 1822 from St. Petersburg.
For many years he spent in the countryside, divorced from the literary and social life, after the defeat of the Decembrists devoid of associates. In the early 1830's Katenin tried with the assistance of Pushkin's return to literary activity, writing poems and articles, trying to solve the problems of people's life (idyll "Fool", "Invalid Gorev).
Katenin played a significant role in the development of the Russian theater, acting as a playwright, translator, critic and director.
He died in his own behalf Shaev May 23 (June 4, NS) 1853.