Konstantin Pavlovich( Grand Duke)
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Biography Konstantin Pavlovich
Konstantin Pavlovich - the Grand Duke took part in the Italian and Swiss campaign AV. Suvorov, for which he received the title of the Crown Prince from his father, experiencing a certain distrust of the eldest son, the future Emperor Alexander I. Participated in the campaigns of 1805, 1806-1807. 1812-1814. From 1822, chief of the Polish Army. Board of Constantine ended the uprising in Poland. In 1796 he married a princess of Saxe-Saalfeld-Coburg-Juliane Henriette Ulrike (in Orthodoxy Anna Feodorovna), but the marriage was unsuccessful and ended in divorce. In 1820 he joined the left-handed marriage with the Countess ZH.A. Grudzinskii, and therefore had but the insistence of Alexander I to renounce the right to the throne in favor of his younger brother Nicholas, but an abdication not published. Belated public renunciation of Constantine after the death of his elder brother was one of the formal reasons for the Decembrist revolt. He died from cholera in Vitebsk.
Konstantin Pavlovich (1779, Tsarskoe Selo, 1831, Vitebsk) - led. Prince. Second son, Paul 1. He spent his childhood with his grandmother Catherine II, rarely seeing their parents. He received education at home, but showed no interest in the sciences. In 1794 K. had a detachment of 15 people. and engaged in its intensive drill, convinced that the military "is a simple machine. With the accession of Paul 1 K. was appointed chief of the Izmailovo Regiment in 1797 he became the Inspector-General of all the artillery and chief cadet corps. In 1799, during the Italian and Swiss campaign AV. Suvorov was reported in St. Petersburg that K. "becomes at best troops ... and during the present battle ". K. than once found himself in disgrace to his father, but after the murder of Paul 1 loudly declared, seeing the count N.A. Zubov and other conspirators: "I would hang them all". In Alexandria, retained their posts. Participated in the wars against Napoleon in 1805 - 1807, without success commanded the Guards in 1812, causing dissatisfaction M.B. Barclay de Tolly. Together with Alexander 1 K. entered Paris. In 1814 became commander of the Polish army and the de facto governor of the Kingdom of Poland. K. was known and unrestrained brutality that led to frequent incidents (5 officers to. committed suicide). In 1820, K. married a Polish countess Grudzinskii and was forced to abdicate in 1823, but the act of abdication was kept secret. After Alexander's death 1, a waiver to. of the reign in favor of his brother Nicholas 1 resulted in the interregnum, and this benefited the Decembrists. K. took an active part in suppressing the uprising in Poland in 1830 - 1831. He died of cholera. Buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg.