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Lazhechnikov Ivan Ivanovich

( Writer)

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Biography Lazhechnikov Ivan Ivanovich
Lazhechnikov Ivan Ivanovich (1792 - 1869), writer.
Born on September 14 (25 NS) in Kolomna in the family of a rich merchant. Early years were in his parents' house, where he received a multifaceted education at home. Early to start reading, carried away by Russian, French and German literature.

When the war started in 1812, escaped from home and joined the Russian army. Participated in the campaigns of 1813-15, as later wrote in "Hiking Scrapbook Russian officer" (1817). In 1819, retires and begins to serve on the Ministry of Education.

. In 1821-37 served as Director of Penza school and public schools, facilitated the opening Chembarskogo district school, where in 1823 met with Belinsky
. Over the years, this acquaintance became a friendship. Lazhechnikov than once assisted him. Later Lazhechnikov was vice-governor of Tver and Vitebsk, in 1856-58 served as a censor.

The first historical novel, "The Last Novik (from the life of Peter 1) published a 1831-33. The novel brought fame and recognition, "... work, marked by printing high-talent" - to write about it Belinsky.

His most famous novel, "Ice House" Lazhechnikov graduated in 1835. It describes the reign of Anna Ioannovna - bironovschina ", which became a symbol of any oppressive power. "Foreigners of a powerful," the author contrasts the purely Russian gentleman, a Russian nobleman - the patriot of his homeland - Artemia Volyn. Roman had an unusually resounding success.

In 1838 comes the third and last novel Lazhechnikov "Basurman" about Russian customs and life of the XVI century. However, he did not have success "Ice House". The role of the historical novel, 1830 with the rise of Gogol and Lermontov was exhausted.

. Lazhechnikov tries to force in drama, wrote several comedies and tragedies, but they were weaker than his early works.

. At the age of 77, June 26 (July 8, NS) Lazhechnikov died.


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