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Mikhail Lunin

( Decembrist)

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Biography Mikhail Lunin
Lunin, Mikhail Sergeevich (1787, St. Petersburg - 1845, Akatuysky mine Nerchin mountainous district of the Irkutsk Province.) - Decembrist. Place of the nobles. He received education at home. Enlisted in 1803 in the Life Guards Jaeger Regiment, in 1805 moved to the Horse Guards and fought against Napoleon at Austerlitz. In 1812 participated in all the major battles of World War II, won three medals and a gold sword "For Courage". While foreign campaign russskoy army in 1813-1814 Lunin came to Paris. In 1815 he retired and was a member of the First Society of the Decembrists - "Union of Salvation, where, discussing the future of the social structure of Russia, put forward was the first project of the Decembrists regicide. In 1816-1817 he lived in Paris, where he met Henri de Sem-Simon. In 1817, after the death of his father, Lunin returned to Russia and received a large inheritance. In 1818-1821 participated in the Decembrist "Union of Welfare as a founding member and member of the Radical thoughts. He purchased a lithographic machine for the needs of a secret society and was one of the founders of North. Society. Lunin was resolute and fearless, exercised great influence and demanded Activism. "A non-permanent and the failed course of study of society" has led to the idea Lunin away from the revolutionary Affairs. In 1822 he returned to the service Lunin. In 1824-1825 he served in Warsaw Lunin squadron commander of the Grodno Hussars and also aide viceroy of Poland Veleka Duke Konstantin Pavlovich. Despite the patronage of Grand Duke, Lunin in 1826 was arrested and brought to St. Petersburg. During the investigation and trial behaved independently with dignity, was convicted of second-class at 15 years of hard labor. In 1826-1827 Lunin sitting in a damp cell Sveaborg Fortress. In 1828 was sent to hard labor in Petrovsky Zavod. After prison, reduced to 10 years, sent to settle in with. Urik, ca. Irkutsk. Since 1836 Lunin began to write his sister E.S. Uvarova letters intended for distribution and bearing the character of the brilliant op-ed articles on current political issues (see. Lunin ms. Letters from Siberia. Moscow, 1987), for which he was deprived of the right of correspondence for the year. A year later, in 1839, letters were resumed. In 1841, by order of Nicholas I Lunin was arrested and sent to prison Akatuevskuyu - the area with a deadly climate, which kept the criminals, recidivists. Here Lunin died under mysterious circumstances.


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