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ANTS Alexander

( Decembrist)

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Biography ANTS Alexander
Ants Alexander (1792-1863, Moscow) - Decembrist. Genus. the family of Major General and a public figure. Educated at home, then in Moscow. un-te, to-ing graduated in 1810. Entered the military service, became a member of the Masonic lodge in St. Petersburg. Member of the Patriotic War of 1812 was the adjutant M.B. Barclay de Tolly in the Battle of Borodino. Distinguished itself in pursuit of the retreating Napoleon, was awarded a gold sword with the inscription "For Bravery". He fought during a foreign campaign in Russian. Army, he returned to Russia in 1814 with the rank of lieutenant. From 1815 served as Colonel General Staff. Comrades gave him the joking nickname "Marshal de Saxe" in honor of the famous commander Maurice of Saxony. In 1817 Ants occupied a high position in the Masonic lodge, hoping that it can operate with due secrecy and discipline will create Decembrist organization, but this plan was not successful. In 1818 Ants was among the founders of the Union of Salvation "and" Union of Welfare. Enemy of serfdom and a supporter of the liberation of peasants from the land, Ants, owned a general power of attorney, was attractive and throughout the Guard had a reputation for excellent ". In 1817 in his home a meeting place, on a rum-discussed project of regicide. Ants attracted to the work of many societies. Promoted the need to eliminate bureaucratic abuse, thought it necessary to spread literacy among the people. In 1818 he married, retired and refused to participate in a secret organization. Ants found solace in religion and, as an initiator of creation of the first Decembrist societies, the first away from the roar of. Traffic. Name Muraveva was identified during the investigation, and in 1826 he was arrested. Convicted on 6-th digit, but in compliments perfect and sincere remorse "was exiled to Siberia without loss of rank and nobility. The difficult financial situation caused Muraveva enter the civil service. He was mayor of Irkutsk, acting governor of Tobolsk, in 1837 he was appointed Governor of Arkhangelsk. Ants sought to help the wives of the Decembrists, fought against bribery and arbitrariness of the officials, supported the just demands of the peasants, for which he was dismissed. After trouble counted among the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Participated in the Crimean War. In 1856 became the military governor of Nizhny Novgorod and took part in the abolition of serfdom. AI. Herzen, wrote that the Ants "by the end of his long life has kept perfect purity and nobility" and the sunset of life strove to realize the dream of youth.


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ANTS Alexander, photo, biography
ANTS Alexander, photo, biography ANTS Alexander  Decembrist, photo, biography
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