ANTS-APOSTLE Matvei( Decembrist)
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Biography ANTS-APOSTLE Matvei
Ants-Apostle Matthew I. (1793, Petersburg 1886, Moscow) - Decembrist. Genus. in an ancient noble family. Received an excellent education in a private hostel in Paris together with his brother. I. Muraviev-Apostol. Returning to Russia in 1809, the brothers were shocked by the existence of serfdom in the country. In 1811 joined the army and went through the entire 1812 campaign. For the courage shown in the battle of Borodino, was awarded the George Cross and the soldier promoted to corporals. Member of Russian foreign campaign. army and the occupation of Paris. In 1814 he returned to Russia and successfully made a career. He was one of the active members of all organizations Decembrist. In 1823 he retired with the rank of lieutenant. From June 1823 to August. 1824 was an authorized representative of the Southern Society in St. Petersburg, trying to combine both societies. It was agreed to destroy the royal family. Together with his brother participated in the uprising of the Chernigov Regiment. After his arrest, was kept in the fortress. Fell into despair and was candor in the responses to the Investigation Committee. Sentenced to 15 years hard labor and life in exile in Siberia, Ants-Apostol on personal orders of Nicholas I was sent immediately to the settlement. In 1857 he returned from exile under the amnesty. In 1860, settled in Moscow., Which has repeatedly met with Leo Tolstoy, was collecting material about the Decembrists. Author memories, until the end of life remaining true to its past.