ANTS-KARA Nikolai( military leader)
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Biography ANTS-KARA Nikolai
Ants-Kars Nikolai Nikolaevich (1794, St. Petersburg-1866, with. Skornyakova Voronezh.) - Military leader. Genus. in an ancient noble family. Brother AN. Muraviev. He received education at home. Military service began in 1811. Participated in the war and foreign campaigns rus. Army 1813-1814. One of the organizers preddekabristskih societies: "Youthful sobratstva" participants to create a dream-cerned about the republic on. Sakhalin, and "Holy Artel", which became the basis of the Union of Salvation ". In 1819 A.P. Ermolov sent to the eastern. coast of the Caspian Sea expedition, headed by Ants-Kars to investigate a possible trade with Khiva and Bukhara. Murav'ev-Kars continued to serve in the Caucasus, took part in the 1826-1828 Russian-Iranian and Russian-Turkish 1828 - 1829 wars. In 1831 he was an active party to the suppression of the uprising in Poland. In 1832 the ruler of Egypt, rebelled against their ruler sultan. Russia has been unprofitable for the defeat of a weak neighbor, and the Ants-Kars was appointed head of a difficult diplomatic mission, with a swarm, he successfully managed. In 1833 was promoted to Adjutant General. Advocate of the abolition of serfdom, not concealed sympathy for the exiled Decembrists, a man straight and sharp, Ants-Kars fell disgrace and was dismissed from the army. In 1848 he returned to service as commander of the Grenadier Corps, participated in the campaign in Hungary in 1849. In 1853 was promoted to General of Infantry. In 1854 appointed governor of the Caucasus and commander in chief, Ants-Kars quickly change the course of military action during the Crimean War, 1853-1856. "Not grace the royal administration is entrusted to me the Caucasus, and to the Emperor was prompted universal destruction, they dwell on board predmestnika my" - wrote Murav'ev-Kars. He led the siege and capture of the fortress of a Kind, and this ended his military career. This victory played a significant role in the peace negotiations in Paris in 1856. Because disordered health Murav'ev-Kars has resigned. He was a member of the State. Board. He left the exact memoirs, based on the diaries.