ORLOV Alexei Fyodorovich( Military and State. figure)
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Biography ORLOV Alexei Fyodorovich
Alexey Fyodorovich Orlov (1786, Moscow - 1861, St. Petersburg), military and State. figure. An illegitimate son of Count F.G. Orlova. At the request of Catherine II allowed the father to recognize the rights of nobility and the name of the child Orlov. Receiving primary education at home, studied at the hostel Abbe Nicolas. In 1801 he went to serve in the College of Foreign Affairs. In 1804 went into military service in the Life Guards Hussar Regiment and participated in the wars of 1805-1807. Distinguished in the battle of Austerlitz, and was awarded a golden sword with the inscription "For Bravery". In the Life Guards cavalry regiment was the Patriotic War of 1812 (at Borodino received 7 wounds). Russian foreign campaigns. Army Orlov concluded in Paris adjutant of Alexander I. In 1817 was promoted to Major-General. Not share the liberal views of his brother, the Decembrist M.F. Orlova. In 1819 - the commander of the Life Guards regiment, with to-Eye was involved in suppressing the uprising on December 14. 1825, earned the title of count and since then has occupied one of the first places among the approximate Nicholas I. In 1831, distinguished himself during the uprising suppressed by the military settlements of the Novgorod. In 1836 - member of the State. Board. In 1844-1856 was the successor of the deceased. X. Benkendorf in office chief of police and chief of the Division III, while maintaining the full integrity of all the orders of his predecessor. In 1828-1856 successfully served the diplomatic missions, demonstrating an understanding of tasks and resourcefulness. In 1856 became the prince, chairman of State. Board and the Committee of Ministers. Involved in the development projects of the peasant reform, confirming its reputation as a convinced serf.