ORLOV Mikhail Fedorovich( Decembrist)
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Biography ORLOV Mikhail Fedorovich
Orlov, Mikhail Fedorovich (1788, Moscow -1842, ibid) - Decembrist. An illegitimate son of Count F.G. Orlova, a nephew. G. Orlova and i.i. Orlova, brother п-.пг. Orlova. He was educated at boarding school in St. Petersburg Abbe Nicolas. In 1805 entered into an aristocratic Cavalry Regiment, with to-Eye campaign of 1805-1807 was distinguished themselves in the Battle of Austerlitz. He participated in major battles of the war of 1812, having received for his bravery in the capture Vereya Order of St. George 4-th degree. He was appointed adjutant to Alexander 1. In 1814, Orlov was negotiating the surrender of Paris and signed out the terms. In 26 years, became a Major General and the favorite of Emperor. Acquainted with many countries in Europe, Orlov returned to Russia in the opposition-minded to many, Russia. orders. In 1817 met A.S. Pushkin, was a member of the literary. Arzamas society. He was one of the founders of preddekabristskoy organization "Russian Order of the Knights, . developed a broad program of liberal reforms (constitution, . abolition of serfdom, . jury, . press), . combined in the English fashion with the power of the aristocracy and the rising bourgeoisie,
. In 1818 he was appointed commander of the division, standing in Chisinau. Adopted in "Union of Welfare, participated in the wash. Congress of the Decembrists in 1821. Supervised Chisinau council of the secret society. For Orlov was established under secret surveillance, and then under the pretext of reducing discipline in the division in 1823 he was denied the post, leaving the army without a place. In December. 1825, no part in the uprising, but was aware of what is happening. He was arrested in Moscow in December. 1825. Through the intercession of his brother п-.пг. Orlova not suffered severe punishment. Exiled to the Kaluga Province., Orlov lived under secret surveillance. In 1831 brother procured permission to live in Moscow. Author of works on political economy and history, a talented writer, Orlov was deprived of social activities. After his death, AI. Herzen wrote: "I send him to the grave of a sincere and bitter sigh; miserable existence merely because the case would, that he was born in this era and in this country."