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Rostopchin Fedor

( Statesman)

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Biography Rostopchin Fedor
Rostopchin Fedor (1763, with. Kozmodemyanovskoe Orel Province. - 1826, Moscow) - State. figure. Genus. a noble family and received a home education. Since childhood recorded in the Life Guards regiment, served in it only 2 years and retired. In 1786 - 1788 traveled to Germany, England, Holland, attended lectures at Leipzig University are. In 1788 was with the AV. Suvorov and participated in the assault Ochakov. In 1791, together with A. A. Bezborodko traveled to Turkey for talks on the world. In 1792, was enrolled in the bedchamber, but Catherine II did not like him, tk. he showed affection for the heir to Pavel Petrovich. Under Paul I made a racing career: Lieutenant General (1796), Cabinet Minister for Foreign Affairs (1798), ie. actual leader of Russia. foreign policy, graphite Chief Postal Department (1799), a member of the Imperial Council (1800), was awarded a 33 thousand. acres of land and serfs. Combating Count P.A. Pahlen Rostopchina led to the resignation and exile in Moscow, where he was engaged in lit-Roy and became known in this field. In 1810 he was appointed chief chamberlain. In 1812 it was renamed to General of Infantry and was appointed chief of Moscow. Conducted anti-French propaganda, more spectacular than effective. Widely known he had written for the people alive and acutely "Billboard", with the help of to-ryh Rostopchin would affect mood sinks. population, to eliminate the possibility of rumors and panic. For Rostopchina has established fame-monger Moscow while leaving the city to Napoleon, but he has publicly rejected this. Appointed in 1814 a member of the State. Council, he lived mostly in Paris. In 1823 he returned to Russia, has resigned.


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