Trubetskoi Alexander( Prince)
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Biography Trubetskoi Alexander
Born March 14, 1947 in Paris, the son of Russian immigrants. His father - Prince Trubetskoy Aleksandr E. (1892-1968). Mother - Princess Galitzine, Alexandra Mikhailovna (1900-1991). Wife - nee Princess Nieberidze Ekaterina A. (1958 g.rozhd). In a family of four children: son Alexander (1980 g.rozhd.), A student at a commercial institution, the daughter of Xenia (1982 g.rozhd.) Studying horse breeding, the sons of Vladimir (1985 g.rozhd.) And Nicholas (1991 g.rozhd.) in school.
. Alexander Troubetzkoy is a direct descendant of Prince Trubetskoy, and through the mother - the Princes Golitsyn
. His pedigree of these two names are on the Duke Gediminas of Lithuania, who came from Prince Vladimir the Red Sun. Great-grandson of Gediminas Michael was in the reign of the city of Bryansk Trubchevsk earth. The game of letters and sounds, characteristic of the Russians, has meant that it became known as "Prince Trubetskoy". From it have gone the other branches. One of them was connected with the name of the Decembrist Prince S.P. Trubetskoy. But the ancestors of Alexander thought he was "black spot" of an ancient clan. Was known in the family and Dmitry Troubetzkoy, who played a significant role in the liberation of Moscow from the Poles, but the attention of historians then focused on Minin and Pozharsky. Nevertheless, at the end of troubled times, he was one of the contenders to the throne.
. Another Trubetskoy - Prince Ivan Yu (1667-1750) while in captivity in Sweden, there was the illegitimate son of Ivan Betsky (1704-1794), which entered into illegal marriage with Princess Anhalt Zerbet
. They have a daughter, Sofia. Orthodox, she became the wife of Peter III, under the name of Catherine (Catherine II the Great).
My parents told me, the old photos Alexander vividly imagine the image of his grandfather - Evgeny Nikolayevich Trubetskoy (1863-1920). He was a philosopher and professor at the law faculty of Moscow University. Important role in the cultural and intellectual life of the country have played and his two brothers. Sergei Nikolaevich (1862-1905) was the first elected rector of the university, a philosopher, a supporter of the establishment of constitutional monarchy, which he spoke directly to Nicholas II. Grigory (1873-1929) was the ambassador of Russia in Serbia during the First World War, was one of those, who in 1918 persuaded the Synod to restore the office of the patriarch, who was eliminated by Peter I, when the head of the church became king.
. Alexander's father - Aleksandr E. (1892-1968) was born in Yaroslavl, where my grandfather taught in the Demidov Lyceum
. He studied at Moscow University, wanted to become a lawyer. Childhood and adolescence spent in the name of the parents, not far from Kaluga, where fond of horseback riding, hunting, and photography (preserved albums amazing quality photos with the views of the estate, family, Donets horse and favorite dog - Setter Ralph). When the war began, he, like many peers, a sense of duty to the country called to the front. He wanted to go there a simple soldier, but he was persuaded to enter the fast-track officers' courses, as well as military actions have deprived the Russian army of many career officers who heroically gave their lives during the first advance.
. Aleksandr E. went to Nikolaev Cavalry School, and graduating with a "guard score", was sent to the Life Guards Horse-Grenadier Regiment
. Oath AE. Trubetskoy and his classmates took in Peterhof Nicholas II. After that, the young officer took part in all military operations since the beginning of 1915 and won the German and Austrian fronts of the Order of St. Stanislaus III and II grades, St Anne's III degree.
In 1918, the regiment was disbanded. In the eyes of the AE. Trubeckogo soldiers raised on bayonets several officers. He was lucky. One soldier said: "He did not touch it, it is well drawn with our brother!" To tear off only the staff-Rotmistrovskiy straps. Aleksandr E. returned to Moscow. They took part in street battles, in command of the protection of the main post office. Then had to hide weapons under the floor of the family home of Prince Shcherbdtov (house was on the site of the U.S. Embassy). Then he joined one of the undercover officers' organizations to fight the Bolsheviks. These organizations have been in contact with the Volunteer Army, which began to be established in southern Russia. It was decided to send a group of officers to Tobolsk, in order to save the royal family. In 1930 AE. Trubetskoy described his participation in this expedition in the magazine "Time", which was published in exile. This article was again published in the book "Prince Trubetskoy - Russia will rise up" (Moscow: Military Publishing, 1996). History has proven this doomed attempt ... "And yet, - he wrote in the article - there were good memories of his experiences raising and awareness that we actually were willing to serve their sovereign and remained loyal to him of the oath. After this expedition, AE. Trubetskoi managed to break through to the south in the White army, where he developed a summary of the Horse Grenadier Regiment. This part is not called the Life Guards. Volunteers themselves did not call themselves "Whites". This concept does not spread from them, but it was legitimized by Bulgakov in his novel The White Guard ". First AE. From his fellow soldiers son - Alexander - learned that his father has always been at the forefront. The last time a horse led the attack with Perekopa. When it lost cousin - Konstantin Troubetzkoy (being wounded, he gave the horse a seriously wounded soldier, he remained on the ground, and his body was later not found). At the front of Aleksandr E. learned about his father's death from typhoid in Novorossiysk.
In November 2000, the President of Russia Vladimir Putin visited the Russian cemetery near Paris, called by the Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois. There, he laid a wreath at the tomb of Russian heroine of the Resistance Hitler invaders Vicki Obolensky and the famous Russian writer Ivan Bunin. He stopped in front of the graves of those who called the Whites, and then said: "We are children of one mother - Russia, and the time for us to unite". Then, before the merger was still far.
Began epic white emigration. Was Constantinople, then Prague, where AE. Trubetskoi graduated interrupted his studies in 1914 at the Faculty of Law (in Prague, then operated a branch of Moscow State University). Like most immigrants of the first wave, he lived in poverty. Through the Red Cross, he found his mother, older brother and sister, who managed to leave France. Moved them. It worked streetcar conductor, a taxi driver, interpreter, as Russia's education is not recognized in France.
Emigration AE. Trubetskoi met his future wife - Alexandra Mikhailovna Golitsyna. She was born in Tula province, where the estate Golitsyn. Her grandfather was governor of Moscow. Golitsyn not emigrated after the revolution, and the plight of the family described his younger brother п-.п°. Golitsyna Sergei Mikhailovich in his book "Notes of surviving," which was published in Moscow in 1980.
. The husband of Aleksandra Mikhailovna's first marriage was an officer of the Life Guards Horse-Grenadier Regiment Georgy Osorgin, and they had a daughter, Marina, and son Michael (now the archpriest - rector of the Russian Orthodox parish in Rome)
. Soon gm. Osorgin was arrested and sent to Solovki, where he made what is described in "The First Circle" AI. Solzhenitsyn. Alexandra Mikhailovna able to visit her husband's request because his wife of Maxim Gorky (Central Siberia). This happened at a time when the Solovetsky camp under the pretext of attempting to escape some of the prisoners decided to sentence to death 400 people, including gm. Osorgin. The execution was postponed for several days because of the appearance of Solovki his wife. Sam gm. Osorgin, apparently, knew about his upcoming fate, but hid it from their spouses. Gorky's wife has played an important role in achieving the expulsion abroad Aleksandra Mikhailovna with two small children. So she was in Paris in 1931. Among the relatives and friends who helped her was AE. Troubetzkoy, as he knew the deceased at Solovki brother-soldier. They became friends and soon married. Aleksandr E. Trubetskoy reared children Osorgin as their. Gone are times of World War II occupation of France, the need to live in the province where it was easier to deal with food.
In 1947, Alexandra Mikhailovna and Alexander Yevgen'yevich son Alexander. His childhood was poor but happy. The family lived in a three-room apartment with no elevator, bathroom and hot water. Children do not always understand that many parents sacrificed so they felt no need. Studied Alexander reluctantly, and was interested in various crafts, loved to build something, and his best toys were a saw, hammer, nails and boards.
. With parents, children spent their summers in the countryside, with friends or rented some modest room on the farm
. Alexander fond of walking in the woods, cycling, fishing, simple village games with peers. Winter time is not very fond of, as apart from the French school, all my free time was devoted to a Russian school to study Russian language, history and law of God.
In addition, parents enrolled him in the Russian Conservatory in piano lessons. Despite some musical ability, he quickly gave it up because of hatred for teaching music and harmony. He preferred to play softly hearing their favorite songs, and it could easily. Later, he completely abandoned the piano and got carried away playing the balalaika and the guitar, took part in amateur folk ensembles, toured through France, Spain, Belgium and Holland, which made it possible to have a small income.
. Since childhood, Alexander carried away by sea, with gusto read stories about the different expeditions
. Later he was fortunate to sail on sailing yachts and even participate in the regattas. When he became financially independent from their parents, got carried away on a small sports aerobatics aircraft.
Since childhood, parents took him to church, and it is permanently tied to the Orthodox Faith Alexander. Now his sons serves in the liturgy, and he sings in the choir of the church, built in memory of the deceased Konstantin Trubetskoy.
. Heavily influenced by Alexander the meeting between father and brother-soldiers of the Horse Grenadier Regiment in the Civil War
. Stories of the old officers have prepared him for what he was charged with possession after the death of a small regimental archive, collected by officers in exile. Until now, . as many children and grandchildren of royal officers, or the Volunteer Army, . he goes to meetings of the regimental associations, . and every year on the day of the regimental holiday Guards Horse-Grenadier Regiment, he and his brother is a memorial service in memory of officers and soldiers of the regiment.,
. This training led to Alexander's interest in history in general and Russian history in particular
. When he was 18 years old, he won the contest, held high schools of France, to study the campaign AV. Suvorov Switzerland. He had to write a report on this campaign, and in August 1965 went from one tent behind him on the "footsteps of the great generalissimo". He walked all the way Suvorov marvel-heroes through the Alps.
When Alexander was 20, he joined the French army, to serve the then term of 16 months. He got into an interesting part - the 24 th Chasseurs Battalion, who was in the French zone of occupation in Germany (Black Forest). The regiment was the ancient tradition as a regiment of Napoleon's time. Chasseur uniform differed from the overall military colors and was dark blue with yellow stripes and knots. Of course, this gave the young soldiers to a certain pride. Living in such an elite regiment was not easy: the constant maneuvers, night hikes through the mountains and river crossings, wading through rivers. Moreover, as Alexander learned later, his father wrote a letter to the regimental commander with a request not to spare his son to the army went to his advantage. At the same time there was a curious episode in the life of Alexander the regimental. He wanted to assign an officer's rank, but he, with youthful audacity, when all said that the Russian could only be an officer in the Russian army. All smoothed out by the fact that without any rank, he successfully commanded the mortar unit, but due to play the balalaika played at all celebrations of the regiment and division.
. After the army, Alexander wanted to continue teaching, but in France began student riots of 1968, by which power has been shaken, and after some time for the resignation of the President of the Republic - General de Gaulle
. All educational institutions were closed down almost to the end of the year, and had nowhere to do.
. At this time, Alexander learned that at the shipyard of Nantes (from the Atlantic Ocean) received a major order to supply refrigerated ships to the Black Sea fishing fleet of the USSR
. He managed to get a job at the shipyard translator. Then he became deputy commercial director. Thus fulfilled his childhood dream - to swim in the ocean during the sea trials of new vessels. Once he even survived the storm in 11 points in the Bay of Biscay, impressions of which are preserved for life. This work has left the most pleasant memories, as well as many Russian friends. It defined his future career related to business relationships with the Soviet Union after Russia and the CIS countries.
Simultaneously with the work at the shipyard, Alexander graduated from the evening courses Commercial Institute. At the end of the contract for the construction of ships, he returned to Paris, entered the firm, which supplies systems welding of car bodies, including for the GAZ-24. He then spent three years in Iraq, Syria and Lebanon, where he focused on supplying equipment for oil fields in northern Iraq. About that time, Alexander also left wonderful memories of traveling in the desert, . acquaintance with the eastern world, . dangerous episodes, . when, . example, . He came under fire from the machine by the Palestinians, or when he was seized by Kurds, . Having taken over a Soviet agent.,
. Caught in the midst of civil war in Lebanon, Alexander decided to return to Paris, where he was offered a job at the firm of Thomson, to engage in market-USSR
. In 1975-1994 years he worked for this company supplying computer systems, communications for the Academy of Sciences, TASS, Marine, RAO UES of Russia and Gazprom. This did not prevent him to continue working with other countries in the Arab world, Africa, South America and the Far East.
. Since 1980, he mainly worked with Gazprom, supplying various equipment, and not only for the extraction and processing of gas, but also for the functioning of other institutions involved in forestry, viticulture
. Alexander started organizing consulting in the vineyard holdings of Don and Kuban, together with the French wineries institutions. Quality of products is growing every year.
. All of this, Alexander Troubetzkoy tries to combine with family life, child rearing, which he always tries to discover the world around us, making them travel through France, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the United States and, of course, Russia.
. Important role in the life of AA
. Trubeckogo played familiarity with VM. Gurychevym at a time when he was Deputy Chairman of RAO UES of Russia ". They quickly became friends. They agreed, primarily on the fact that together carried away with the organization of various activities that contribute to preserving the memory of the glorious military affairs Russia. It began when on the occasion of 120 anniversary of the liberation of Bulgaria during the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878 was intended to publish a book VA. Zolotarev, head of the Institute of Military History of the Ministry of Defense. Alexander said that he had kept unpublished material - memoirs officer of the Life Guards Horse-Grenadier Regiment, who participated in this war. He conveyed this rare document, which was included in the book.
Appeared remarkable historical work, which friends and enthusiasts went to Bulgaria on anniversary of taking the city of Pleven. It includes: himself AA. Trubetskoy and his wife, VM. Gurychev with his wife, VA. Zolotarev, VV. Sharapov (last ambassador of the USSR and the first ambassador of Russia in Bulgaria, one of the leaders of public organization "Union of Friends of Bulgaria"), and from France - one AA. Trubetskoy - brother-soldier AA. Krylov and his wife (a descendant of Russian fabulist). It turned out that the participation of delegations in the anniversary celebrations has become an important political significance. Her presence and the presentation of the book vividly reminded people that brings together Russia and Bulgaria. This was necessary in a time when the Bulgarian government - but not the people - led anti-Russian propaganda under the influence of the United States, Germany and Britain, just as during the San Stefano peace in 1878.
. The success of this first event led by Alexander Trubetskoy and his friends to continue the work begun
. It was agreed to mark 200 years of the transition AV. Suvorov Crossing the Alps. Alexander recalled his youthful trip in the footsteps of Suvorov and held it by members of the Russian youth organization "Knights", living in Paris. In addition, the Military Historical Institute, Switzerland, organized Suvorovsky Congress to celebrate the 200 anniversary. Through sponsorship AA. Trubetskoy and VM. Gurycheva VA. Zolotarev has written a book - a monograph on the Italian and Swiss campaign of Suvorov, and advocates of military glory of Russia participated in the Congress.
VA. Zolotarev gave a presentation on the Italian campaign, AA. Trubetskoy - about the Suvorov: "A man, a patriot, a monarchist, Christian and commander". Again had to defend the glory of Suvorov miracle heroes before the delegations of France and Austria, which downplayed the role of Suvorov in 1799.
After that, it was decided that, noting the anniversary of Suvorov, can not remember the Admiral Ushakov. In autumn 2000, published the book "Under the Rossiyskim St. Andrew's flag", dedicated to 200 anniversary of the completion of the Mediterranean squadron hike Ushakov. With this new monograph VA. Zolotarev team visited the island of Corfu, and held a book launch in Moscow and Athens. Presentation in the Greek capital has coincided with a large student demonstration against the U.S. actions in the Balkans. 200 years ago Ushakov liberated Ionian islands, created the first Greek republic, and this affected the future geopolitical developments in the Mediterranean and the Balkans.
In addition, Alexander Troubetzkoy, together with VM. Gurychevym have sponsored and supported a team of Russia's yacht Maksiklass ", which raced in the Mediterranean and around Europe. Forever remembered him with the proud moment when the flag of St. Andrew soared in Cannes over the flags of other strong teams Monaco, Sweden and Italy.
. Together with VM Gurychevym and AA Krylov, Alexander Troubetzkoy helped organizing the exhibition and publication of the album artist Kadolya
. This military artist - a former officer in Napoleon's army has created a series of remarkable watercolors of Moscow in 1820. These watercolors owned by the Institute of History of the French army and were brought to Moscow in 1999 at the exhibition in a museum in Moscow.
. In December 2000, Alexander Troubetzkoy took part in celebrations to mark the 300 anniversary of the Imperial Guard, which took place in St. Petersburg under the auspices of the Hermitage
. Like anywhere else before, he felt the meaning and richness of all that he had received from his father, his fellow soldiers and many officers of the Imperial Army. Today he is convinced that he could transmit evidence of many old traditions that have always nourished the spirit of any great army and are now partly forgotten in modern Russia's Army. The strongest impression left by Alexander Trubeckogo from the, . when the present descendants of officers of the Imperial Guard - from Europe, they arrived about 60 people - were presented with banners and standards of the regiments of their fathers and grandfathers, . and Alexander himself commanded the show for the guests to the music of naval brass band, . who performed the "Glorious is our God", . then the march of the Transfiguration and Staro-Chasseur regiments.,
. Today, more than ever before, Alexander Troubetzkoy convinced that the old wounds of the past century and 1917 should be healed, although this does not mean forgetting the lessons of the past
. Russia had the wonderful opportunity to use cultural, spiritual and professional force many descendants of Russian patriots, who are scattered over all the continents of our earth.
. Also, . as Alexander's parents, . which inspired him, . that he should always remember, . where his fatherland (the father said: "Your Motherland - France, . She took us, . but your homeland - Russia), . Alexander is trying to persuade it to their children, . while he seeks to protect the name of Russia everywhere, . where attempts are made to act directly or indirectly against its interests, . whether the events in the Balkans or Chechnya.,
. Alexander Troubetzkoy - a member of the public organization "Union of Friends of Bulgaria"
. He recently met with the Bulgarian king Simeon and visited many CIS countries, regions, Russia with a sense of what his name helps reminder of the history, culture, geopolitical situation of Russia.
. Prince Alexander Troubetzkoy, who lives now in Paris, always openly said that Russia is a patriot
. And doing everything it can to help preserve its historical past, cultural and spiritual heritage. In life he was - a lover of the sea and the sail, a passionate hunter, especially when taking with him his beloved dog Algirdas (named after the son of Lithuanian Prince Gediminas, which occurred Trubetskois and Golitsyn). And still enjoys horseback riding. Recently, his daughter Xenia took 2 nd place in the 60-kilometer run of Akhal-Teke horses in Turkmenistan.