Boyars Vitaly Konstantinovich( State Councilor of the Customs Service, Lieutenant-General, President of the All-Russia Union veterans of the Customs Service)
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Biography Boyars Vitaly Konstantinovich
Born August 27, 1928 in the city of Kharkiv region Chuguyev. Father - Boyarov Konstantin Vasilyevich (1895-1942). Mother - Boyarova (Rozhkova) Anna Markianovna (1909-1993). Wife - Boyarova (Mackiewicz) Ninel V. (1931g.rozhd.).
Last Boyarova has its origins (as far as can be judged on it himself Vitali K.) from the Orenburg region. There, in the village on the border between Korovino Mordovia and Orenburg his parents had lived. The border was the river. Historically, that on one side mostly lived Mordvinians, on the other - Russian. His father, Konstantin V. on the passport - Mordvin, mother - Ukrainian. Father participated in the First World War, was a cavalry. During the Civil War was in Chapayev Division, served with the legendary Anka-machine-gunner. History is typical of his father, while dramatic for the time. Education, he really did not have, behind them was only parochial school and life experiences. After the Civil War was in the OGPU, then worked as chief of the district department of the NKVD in Ukraine. In 1937, under the direction of the center he was supposed to arrest the District Party Committee Secretary - his friend. This order was executed, but Konstantin V. made every imaginable and unimaginable effort to prove his innocence. This is evidenced by the fact that has remained forever in the memory of the eleven Vitali, when in 1939, this man is freed by the time his father came to thank him for his friendship, courage, complicity.
Since 1938, the family Boyarova lived in Kiev, where they were found and the war. From the first days of her father led a battalion of volunteers, which was then transformed into a partisan detachment. In 1942, he could break through the encirclement of specially arrived in the detachment plane, but gave way to the wounded and soon died in battle. Vitaly with his mother were evacuated and returned to Kiev in February 1944.
Upon returning Vitali, who had not yet turned 16, asked the friend of his father, Lieutenant-General Strokach, who was chief of staff of the partisan movement in Ukraine, with a request to send him to the front. On the recommendation of Strokacha boy was admitted to the school of guerrilla radio operators. It taught the children of regiments. From February to April 1945, they were repeatedly in the Lvov area and further west, at best. In June 1945, Vitaly graduated from high school with the specialty radiopelengatorschika, and then served in radiokontrrazvedke MGB Ukraine. In September 1945, at age 17 was promoted to lieutenant. Subsequently, it turned out that year of service from September 1945 to October 1946, - up until Vitali has not reached majority - was not counted in calculating seniority.
Soon B. Boyarov was elected secretary of the Komsomol committee MGB Ukraine. The organization consisted of about 1000 people. As head of her, Vitaly consistently elected a member of the Kiev Komsomol, then a member of the Provincial Committee and a member of the Central Committee of Youth of the Republic. Young officer, Komsomol leader, a member of the Second World War have repeatedly drawn to the various activities of the Communist Party of Ukraine, which is characteristic for the time. So in memory of Vitaly remained involved in a very responsible commission to clarify the Regulations of the Communist Party "On measures on improvement of agriculture in Ukraine". Behind him was assigned a district of the Chernigov region, where he was supposed to agitate, to explain the ruling in the midst of events. This was the first public communication with a very complex environment. Not bezynteresen fact, . that permit, . which was issued Vitali and that in those days meant a very great authority and responsibility, . was signed by the future chairman of the KGB, . in those years - the first secretary of the Central Committee of Youth of Ukraine Sevenfold,
In 1949, V. Boyarov moved into the second MGB USSR in the operational work - the senior security officer. In 1952 he was appointed deputy chief of the office and then chief of the department. In 1956 during the Hungarian events, already in the rank of captain, he was sent to the city of Sopron. The task group was to help his troops not to allow the Hungarians seeking to cross the border, and to discover the main participants of the coup. In those days it was by no means a walk, for achieving the goal should be in full compliance with the dramatic situation at that time. Six weeks later the situation has stabilized. Boyarov returned to Kiev, where he assumed duties as chief of department of intensive activities.
During this period he was elected secretary of the Party Committee of the Second Directorate of the KGB in Ukraine. In February 1959 he was appointed head of department on work with foreigners. It was time enough in-depth restructuring of the KGB in Ukraine and one of the most successful periods of operational activities Boyarova. For the Ukrainian secret service and Boyarova personally, it took place under the sign of the thaw, which benefited from American intelligence to fill the "gaps" in information about the potential of the USSR. The way American agents often starts in Ukraine. For partial year and a half group Boyarova exposed and denounced seven American agents who were sent into the territory of the Soviet Union to study the secret facilities, state of the army. The task was to detect Boyarova spies, to follow his path, predict possible actions and delay. He and his colleagues managed to catch the mistakes of the enemy and achieve results. All seven cases in which he directly participated Vitaly Boyarov were evidential. All agents have pleaded guilty, were tried and convicted in accordance with the law. These were the first examples of effective elimination of spies in the Soviet Union in the postwar period. About this period were the book "The spies are no roads," the first military decoration - the Red Star, inscribed gold watch.
It was in 1961. In the life of the KGB happened PE: in Finland, defected to the west, a KGB officer, who revealed the structure of intelligence in a number of special services of the enemy. In this context, it became necessary to replace the Deputy KGB resident in London. This mission fell to VK Boyarova. Before you go to England, he graduated razvedshkolu. And in January 1963 as the second secretary of the embassy went to the British Isles. The task of foreign counterintelligence, . system which first appeared Boyarov B., . was, . primarily, . security intelligence activities of the Soviet colony in England, . search and the possible recruitment of agents, . that could work in the interests of the Soviet Union,
. By this time, one of the most famous spies XX century, who worked for Soviet Intelligence British citizen Philby was already in the territory of the Soviet Union. Boyarova was necessary to work out the possible connection as the rest of Philby, and organize new. His main goal was Russian-born Diger officer who worked in the MI-6, on which Philby gave its recommendations. It took the greatest attention, the suspension of contacts. By this time the Soviet authorities expelled from Moscow, the second secretary of the British Embassy, and a very short time, in August of 1965, as the response of the V. Boyarova announced in England, "persona non grata". Moscow had no claims to an employee. On the contrary, its activity was marked by high. He was awarded the medal "For Military Merit", which he handed the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Mikoyan.
In 1965, V. Boyarov appointed deputy chief of service? 2 external counter 1 st Main Directorate of the KGB of the USSR. This period is characterized by in-depth study (in the diplomatic school), study of counterintelligence, established in the world. VK Boyarov thoroughly analyzes American, Mexican, North African experience in counterintelligence school. In November 1969 the head of foreign counterintelligence GF Grigorenko was appointed head of the KGB and kontrazvedki Boyarova recommended as his successor. In January 1970 VK Boyarov appointed Chief of the service? 2 PSU USSR. In June 1970, he graduated in absentia Higher Diplomatic School.
By this time, in many countries against Soviet citizens matured very alarming situation. This was expressed, in particular, in numerous instances the recruitment of Soviet citizens abroad. Is becoming more incidents to the embassies of the Soviet Union in many countries around the world. Guidelines Committee was even thinking about the need to significantly increase the role of Soviet counterintelligence in the world. With the personal involvement Boyarova introduce formal institutions security officers. Organize special protection of the embassies in New York, Bonn, Latin America by the officers of Border. Selection of these personnel, their training is conducted under the direct supervision of VK. Boyarova. This period is characterized by a very successful work on the penetration of Soviet spies in the major structures in the West. Before them the task to establish the real actions contemplated against the security of the USSR.
VK Boyarova had to plunge into the most complex operations that befell Intelligence. One of the most dramatic cases was the episode, . when the commander of Russia's destroyer captain of the first rank Artamonov escaped to Sweden, . then reached the United States of America and there has been employed in the Defense Intelligence Agency,
. When the latter was installed in the exploration, it was decided to send Artamonov rights to examine the situation and if possible to recruit him for the Soviet Union. It is not excluded that Artamonov that time could be recruited by U.S. intelligence. Boyarova has developed a special operation, the end result of which was to be the isolation Artamonov, moreover, that by the time it was proved that he is a man the CIA. Boyarov directly supervised this operation. Everything was prepared in such a way that Artamonov flew to Vienna for a meeting and there had to be Arrested. At the last moment the KGB had suspended action, and lasted the game Artamonov. After some time, Andropov allowed to bring the plan into execution, which was led replaced Boyarova General Kalugin. He acted under the scheme Boyarova, which eventually worked, though with some complications.
During the period of the head of foreign counterintelligence VK Boyarov awarded the Order of the Red Star and an "honorary member of the KGB, in 1972 he was awarded the rank of Major General.
In March 1973, General Boyarov was transferred to a 2-e General Directorate (internal counterintelligence) - Deputy Chief. Since 1980, he - first deputy head of the 2 nd the Chief Directorate of the KGB of the USSR. VK. Boyarov oversaw all major units of intelligence of the country, which acted against the American, British, Germanic and other residencies in the USSR.
In the early 80-ies in the Soviet Union with great success was shown on television TV series "TASS is authorized to declare". The picture was taken on the scenario of Julian Semyonov, a basis for its plot was so-called "Case Trianon". This case - unconditional luck KGB. Under the name of General Konstantinova, played by People's Artist of the USSR Vyacheslav Tikhonov, in this film derived Vitaly Boyarov. It was he who led the operation, it was he who originated the idea of making movies, he was, and his chief adviser.
Merits VK Boyarova highly noted by the State. He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, the three orders of Red Banner of Labor. In 1981 he was awarded the rank of Lieutenant -.
With direct relevance to security in the economic sphere, in 1984-1985 Boyarov actively involved in developing the concept of reorganization of the national customs. Complex proposed measures received support from the government, and for their implementation VK Boyarova transferred to the newly formed federal agency - the state General Directorate of Customs control at the Council of Ministers of the USSR.
The subsequent five-odd years of work at the office became one of the most productive periods of life VK Boyarova. Customs at that time was in poor condition and as a tool of economic security operated with low efficiency.
As the first deputy and then director of Customs, VK Boyarov intensively studying the international experience of customs affairs with a view to build it on the generally accepted international norms. In 1989, it is assigned a rank of State Councilor of Customs. Full responsibility for the service in the country rests on his shoulders. Within a short period, which Boyarov worked in this position, the customs service has become the main features, corresponding to the country's emerging new economy. Was an effective structure, a unified customs statistics, introduced cargo customs declarations, the new technologies of monitoring, carried out technical upgrading, created adequate material and financial base. There have been thwarted attempts of large drug shipments into the country, organizing the fight against drugs was built as part of the world system. It was signed the first international agreement on joint activities in combating drugs.
Boyarov was the main initiator of a modern Customs Code of the country, which was adopted at the session of the Supreme Council (April 1991). Largely because of his activism created the preconditions for the adoption of the Soviet Union in the World Customs Organization in June 1991.
In July 1991 he was stepping down as head of the customs service and an international association of legal and tax issues "ILTS, whose president is also present. This association - one of the most reputable companies that provide legal and auditing services to domestic and foreign firms.
VK Boyarov has 32 state awards, decorations and medals of foreign countries.
His wife, Nina Vladimirovna, graduated from the Kiev State University, Faculty of Letters, in 1962 - postgraduate studies in film at the Academy of Sciences (Institute of Art, Folklore and Ethnography). From 1965 to 1991 he worked on a film studio "Mosfilm". As an editor has been involved in work on more than 40 feature films, . including such, . as "Solaris" and "Mirror" Tarkovsky, . "6 July" and "The banks in the Fog" Krasin (joint Soviet-Bulgarian production), . and "Listen, . on the other side "(joint Soviet-Mongolian statement, . dir,
. B. Ermolaev, and BN Sumhu), "Countrymen" (scenario B. Shukshina, dir. V. Vinogradov).
For participation in the work of the three movie about the life of the Buryat people ( "Three of the sun", "Cry of Silence", "Morning doomed mine," director A. Dashiyeva) N. Boyarova awarded the title of Honored worker of culture of the Buryat ASSR. Member of the Union of Cinematographers of Russia.
By VK Boyarova hobbies include historical literature, American detective. 30 years of playing tennis. Main addiction for many years and still - hunting.