Boris Eifman Yankelevich( People's Artist of Russia, State Prize Laureate)
Comments for Boris Eifman Yankelevich
Biography Boris Eifman Yankelevich
Born July 22, 1946 in the town of Rubtsovsk, Altai Krai. Father - Eifman Yankel B. (1906 g. born.). Mother - Clara Markovna Kuris (1918. born.). Wife - Morozova Valentina (1953. born.). Son - Eifman Alexander B. (1995. born.).
One of the world's leading choreographers, Boris Eifman their first steps as a dance producer has already done in 16 years. From 1962 to 1966 he directed the children's dance group. In 1972 he graduated from the choreography department of the Leningrad State Conservatory named after Rimsky-Korsakov. His first performances - ballet "to meet the Life" (1970, music. Kabalevsky), "Icarus" (1970, music. A. Chernov, IN. Arzumanova), "Brilliant Divertissement" (1971, music. M. Glinka), "Fantasia" (1972, music. A. Arensky) - brought an excited response of the audience and attention of critics. Thesis young choreographer - ballet "Gayane" And the music. Khachaturian (1972) - was created and shown on the stage of the Maly Opera and Ballet in Leningrad. This was the beginning of a brilliant career.
From 1971 to 1977 B.YA. Eifman ballet master worked at the Leningrad Choreographic School Academic behalf AY. Vaganova (now the Academy of Russian Ballet AY. Vaganova). After "Gayane" they were created ballets: "Russian Symphony" (1973, music. V. Kalinnikov), "Meetings" (1975, music. R. Shchedrin), "The Firebird" (1975, music. I. Stravinsky), "Suspended Song" (1976, music. VI Kalnins), "... great gusts of Souls" (1977, music. R. Shchedrin). All of them with great success came on the scene of the Leningrad Opera and Ballet, the Kirov. The play "The Firebird" brought B.YA. Eifman world fame: shortly after the premiere in Leningrad, he was shown in Moscow and on tour in Japan. In addition to theatrical productions in these years B.YA. Eifman was the author of film-ballets: "Variations on a Rococo Theme," "Icarus", "Brilliant Divertissement."
. In 1977, a young choreographer was able to create his own theater in Lenkontserte, . which received the name "New Ballet", . and subsequently was renamed the St. Petersburg State Academic Theater of Ballet under the direction of Boris Eifman,
. Having no stage, no permanent rehearsal space, with a small team, he managed to make a strong impression the first program, which included performances of: "Only Love" (music. R. Shchedrin), "Temptation" (music. R. Wakeman), "Under cover of night" (music. B. Bartok), "Suspended Song" (music. I. Kalnins), "Two-" (mus. D. Barrett - from the repertoire of Pink Floyd). Chamber Ballet "Two-" viewers still remember how shocked. In subsequent years B.YA. Eifman staged "Firebird" (1978, music. I. Stravinsky) and "Perpetual Motion" (1979, music. A. Khachaturian).
Theater B.YA. Eifman originally appeared as author, as a one-choreographer, that for those years was a unique phenomenon. The first performances of the team were on the youth audience. Bold experiment began ballet "Boomerang" to the music of D. McLaughlin, of which The New York Times published an article under the headline "Boris Eifman - a man who dared."
Becoming Ballet Theater under the direction B.YA. Eifman is associated with the spiritual education of a whole generation of Russia viewer. Repertoire Theater striking in its diversity: the tragedy and slapstick, the biblical parable and psychological drama, a rock ballet and a children's fairy tale ... Great was the variety of genres and productions: full-length one-act plays, ballets and chamber choreographic miniatures.
. Total for years of fruitful creative work he has created over 40 ballets, which differ in magnitude raised to original choreographic solutions.
. In their performances B.YA
. Eifman is drawn to the critical issues of human existence, seeking to penetrate the mysteries of the human psyche. The philosophical orientation - a characteristic feature of his work. Whatever the plot of the ballet, the choreographer is always reveals the most important moral issues, seeks to understand and reflect the contradictions of life, the spiritual world of man. In his performances of dramatic intensity conflict, it seems, reaches. However, showing the ill-world structure, the author does not stop there, penetrating deep into the human soul. Desire B.YA. Eifman to the dramatization and high tension is manifested in the creation of crowd scenes, which are given special significance: it is almost always the culmination of performances, where the corps de ballet to participate actively and is an important semantic load. In Russia today is the only theater of modern ballet, striking grand ensemble constructs. Creating his own style, B.YA. Eifman "different plastic systems, the theater was for him a kind of laboratory. Choreography is not limited purely ballet performance, since for him the main thing - Theater. His productions - synthetic spectacle, which opens new forms, new principles of dance steps.
In shape repertory ballet company, with a special plastic thinking. Artists, possessing a brilliant classical dance, have the gift of reincarnation. B.YA. Eifman, as the creator of a new acting school, defines the art of ballet primarily as a spiritual process. Back in the late 1980's theater critic noted that the choreography of Boris Eifman - the phenomenon of "the most innovative, original and creative, and his philosophical, psychological ballets parable - already choreographed the XXI century".
. Staged the first on the ballet stage turned to creativity F.M
. Dostoevsky. The play "The Idiot", put them to the music of the Sixth Symphony II. Tchaikovsky, was a remarkable event in the cultural life of the country.
No less striking phenomenon was the performance B.YA. Eifman's "Tchaikovsky" to music by PI. Tchaikovsky, which premiered September 12, 1993 at the State Theater of Opera and Ballet of St. Petersburg Conservatory. This is - a poetic, exquisite, and at the same time to despair by a bold attempt to penetrate the complex spiritual world of the genius. Referring to the deepest strings of the soul, . doing is noble and, . simultaneously, . expressive, . choreographer draws into the vortex of their fantasies stunned audience, . became a witness to, . Why not express in words: the visible stage incarnation of the soul,
. Events of life of the great composer's guess, but they are not important. In the center - the restless soul of an artist who suffer from a misunderstanding. Motives Works PI. Tchaikovsky are woven into the fabric of the play are closely connected with the inner life of the hero. In the methods of theatrical embodiment of symphonic music choreographer offers a bold and persuasive solutions, finding the musical material of the contours of the creative destiny of the composer.
. In the play "Don Quixote or Fantasies of a madman" (1994) bold imagination choreographer "impose" a new subject on the well-known to all lovers of ballet music L
. Minkus. Choreographer-thinker, the choreographer-philosopher returns the viewer to the image of the great "madman" and a knight - the image that eventually faded badly. This ballet-parable was largely autobiographical. He tells of a time when totalitarian society to impose severe restrictions on the creativity of the artist, and that the creative urge, a thirst for self-expression, even in the most brutal conditions can not be destroyed. The play, perfect for my taste, sounds true anthem of creativity. Innovation plastic solutions, brightness and dynamics of stage action provide a strong impetus to awaken faith in the invincible power of art, love and kindness.
In 1995 B.YA. Eifman returns to creativity F.M. Dostoevsky's ballet "Karamazov" to music. Rachmaninov P. Wagner and M. Mussorgsky. However, if he had previously followed the story, conveying the complex inner world of feelings the characters (in the play "The Idiot"), here he embodies the movement of ideas of the novel "The Brothers Karamazov" and his fatal prophecies. Before the audience is presented a titanic struggle of ideas and passions. In convincing and vivid images of plastic expressed complex philosophical problems that have never been raised on the ballet stage. Life itself appears in the play of Alexei as the embodiment of the history of Russia: from a believer - to break all around - and returns to God. Music genius composers fused together with plastic, set design and a virtuoso performance skills throughout the company, thereby culminating point of the performance reaches a tremendous emotional power.
. January 28, 1997 in Rossii'skom gosudarstvennom Academic Drama Theater named A.S
. Pushkin's premiere ballet B.YA. Eifman's "Red Giselle" to music by P. Tchaikovsky, M. Bizet and A. Schnittke. Ballet is dedicated to the great Russian ballerina About. Spesivtseva, who has lived in the art of short but brilliant and bright as the blinding flash, the life. Submitting the fate of the great ballerina, the author reveals the history of the dance art of the twentieth century: from classical to avant-garde Exercise, from dance to high consumer psychology. Brilliant, frail, timid soul, as the soul of the ballet, as embodied in human form - is opposed not just the outside world, but the world at the time of the disaster, division and confusion. This performance - a real tribute to the memory, admiration and love: the fate of another in a series of lives of many great Russian artists, seemingly gone forever, again returns to the Russian stage. In the ballet "Red Giselle" by laconic, . even severe in the plastic image of, . With regard to the environment of the great ballerina, . and at the same time unusually fantastic and inventive in the transfer of complex life conflicts and the tragic fate of the stage life ballerina,
. As animated dream, the heroine of the play is modern viewers light sublime love and beauty. This is largely due to great success of the performance in Russia and abroad.
With no less success was greeted spectators B.YA. Eifman's "My Jerusalem" (1998). Its first part, set to music by Mozart's Requiem - a true hymn to the immortality of the human spirit, the persistence of his creative impulse. The second part of the performance speaks of the eternal themes of deep Faith, Hope and Love in a bright modern form. Heroes tend to understand themselves, find their way among the three world religions: Christian, Jewish and Muslim and gain harmony, realizing that all of them - children of one God. In the ballet used modern techno-music, as well as religious and ethnic music of various peoples. Choreographer is drawn to a young audience, said he understands the "language", seeking to attach it to the deep humanistic ideas.
Besides those already mentioned performances over the years the artistic director, theater B.YA. Eifman ballets set: "The Duel" (1980, music. A. Khachaturian), "Conquest of the Elements" (1981, music by D. Shostakovich); ballets "Autograph" (1981), "Games" (music. Vivaldi), "Pro and Contra" and "Counterpoint" (mus. A. Schnittke), "Requiem ballerina" (mus. Beethoven), "Knowledge" (1981, music. T. Albinoni); "Crazy Day or The Marriage of Figaro" (1982, music. J. Rossini in the treatment of T. Kogan), "Legend" (1982, music. T. Kogan), "Composition" (1982, music. A. Webern), "Artist" (1983, music. F. Schubert); Chamber Ballet "Metamorphosis" (1983): "Aria" (mus. E. Villa-Lobos), "Walk" or "Rendezvous" (mus. O. Nicolai), "Introduction to Hamlet" (mus. I. Brahms), "Caprice" (1983, music. G. Berlioz), "Twelfth Night, or What you want" (1984, music. G. Donizetti), "Duel" (1986, music. V. Gavrilina) "The Intrigues of Love" (1986, music. J. Rossini in the treatment of T. Kogan), "The Master and Margarita" (1987, music. A. Petrov), "Pinocchio" (1989, music. A. Offenbach), "human passions" (1990, music. H. Sarmanto), "Assassins" (1991, music. IS. Bach - G. Mahler, A. Schnittke), "Requiem" (1991, music. VA. Mozart), "Illusions" (1992, music. K. Petit), "Russian Hamlet" (1999, music. L. Beethoven, L. Mahler), "Don Juan and Moliere" (2001, music. VA. Mozart G. Berlioz). In many productions B.YA. Eifman filmed television films, ballets.
B.YA. Eifman - People's Artist of Russia (1995), . Laureate of State Prize of Russia (1999), . theater prize winner of St. Petersburg "Golden Soffit" (1995, . 1996, . 1997), . Prize of the Union of theatrical figures of Russia "Golden Mask" (1996, . 1999), . Award "Triumph" (1996),
. In 1998 he was awarded with the highest spiritual rewards children in Russia - the Order of Peace and Accord "in the nomination" The new word in the choreography. He was awarded the Order of Chevalier of Arts of France (1999).
B.YA. Eifman has actively participated in the International Ballet Section at UNESCO, is i.o. professor of the Academy of Russian Ballet AY. Vaganova.
Lives and works in St. Petersburg.