Trapeznikova Margarita Feodorovna( Academic Russia Academy of Medical Sciences, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Honored Worker of Science)
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Biography Trapeznikova Margarita Feodorovna
Born February 20, 1929 in the city of Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod). Spouse - Trapeznikov Nikolai Nikolaevich (1928-2001), academician of Academy of Sciences and Academy of Medical Sciences, State Prize Laureate, for many years headed the Cancer Research Center named after NN. Blokhin. Daughter - Lviv Elena (1957. born.) graduated from the MGIMO, by profession - economist on international affairs, candidate of economic sciences. Grandchildren: Nicholas, Alex.
From 1936 to 1946 she studied in high school. At this time, fell the burden of the Great Patriotic War: hunger, bombing the city, known plenty of defense industry. In 1943-1944, together with other students M.F. Trapeznikova worked on collective farms, for which after the war was awarded the medal "For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.
In 1946 she enrolled at the Gorky Medical Institute named after SM. Kirov, after which in 1952 worked as an intern during the year-obstetrician-gynecologist at a local nursing home? 5. In 1954, in connection with the move to Moscow a few months working in a maternity hospital? 16 Moscow, . then was enrolled in a clinical internship in the urological clinic of the Moscow Regional Scientific Research Clinical Institute named Vladimir (Monica),
. Since then, her whole future professional activities connected with this institute.
After residency M.F. Trapeznikova continued to work in the Monica with an associate research fellow, and since 1964 - Senior Researcher. From 1975 to present, she heads the Department of Urology MONICA. Since 1991 part-time course is a professor of urology at the Faculty of Advanced Medical Monica.
In 1958 M.F. Trapeznikova defended her PhD thesis on "Tumors of the testis. The clinic, diagnosis and treatment, "in 1969 - a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Medical Sciences. In 1976 she was awarded the academic title of professor, specializing in urology ". In 1995 she was elected a corresponding member of Russia Academy of Medical Sciences, and in 2000 - a full member of RAMS.
M.F. Trapeznikova known among the medical community as a great scholar, whose works are devoted to the most diverse sections of Urology. Her research work has successfully combined with the qualities of highly skilled clinician, surgeon of the highest category, . working in the field of urology for over 45 years, . owns all the modern complex of methods of diagnosis and treatment of urological patients,
. As head of the office, she has a great medical and advisory work, along with the plan shall show the operation for the doctors of the Moscow region.
. The main areas of research devoted to problems of urolithiasis (IBC) and pyelonephritis and diseases of the prostate, the urethra, a transplanted kidney, pediatric urology, uroonkologii
. Under her leadership, implemented new technologies in the clinic and in the Moscow region (the city of Zhukovsky, . Noginsk, . Solnechnogorsk, . Elektrostal) - distance shock-wave lithotripsy, . and endoscopic operations, . including percutaneous and endouretralnyh, . radically change approaches to the treatment of urological patients with urolithiasis,
. As a result, the number of open transactions is reduced from 96 to 8-15 per cent, revised a number of concepts in the treatment of large and staghorn stones, stones, calyces and ureter, a computer program to predict treatment IBC. A special place is occupied by outpatient extracorporeal lithotripsy, allows quickly to provide effective aid to all districts of the Moscow region.
. Much attention is paid to the problem of pyelonephritis - as the etiological factor (for urolithiasis), and in terms of complications
. Investigation of cellular and humoral anti-infective resistance system has enhanced the reliability of the diagnosis of pyelonephritis to 96 per cent (instead of 31-50 per cent), . regardless of the presence of bacteriuria and its degree of severity (received a patent for an invention).,
. Together with the firm TCL is designed and successfully in the clinic trials new domestic device for lithoclasty "LTC-Compact"
. Completed the implementation of scientific-targeted program in the Moscow region on coral-nephrolithiasis.
. The cycle of studies under the direction of MF Trapeznikova associated with the development of minimally invasive endoscopic techniques in the treatment of urological complications in patients with transplanted kidney (the first time in Russia), . have significantly reduced mortality from these complications.,
. A significant contribution was the development of domestic Urology M.F
. Trapeznikova modern methods of treatment of benign hyperplasia (adenoma), prostate and urethra. This - electroresection transurethral prostate vaporization, laser ablation, thermal therapy, medication methods. Successfully implemented methods endovezikalnoy transurethral recanalization under transrectal ultrasound control in traumatic obliteration of the urethra (received a patent for an invention).
. In the field of pediatric urology basic research aimed at developing and improving organ operations in the development of urinary tract abnormalities (vesicoureteral reflux, . mega-reter, . ureterocele, . hydronephrosis, . hypospadias, etc.), . would reduce the number organounosyaschih operations from 16 to 3, . 5 per cent.,
. In recent years, the clinic under the guidance M.F
. Trapeznikova conducts fundamental research on prostate cancer. The main attention is paid to screening, . early diagnosis of cancer and precancerous processes in the prostate (prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia), . as well as the study of biochemical markers of bone remodulirovaniya prostate cancer patients with lesions of the skeleton (the target scientific-practical program).,
. Trapeznikova is of great scientific, medical advice, organizational work, not only in the clinic, but also in the Moscow region, being the chief urologist of the Moscow region.
Department of Urology under the direction M.F. Trapeznikova is the leading scientific school of developing treatments for urological diseases, in 1996 and 1999, the clinic was awarded Grant the President of Russia "in support of leading scientific schools". Under her guidance and consultation carried out and protected by 25 candidates, and 4 doctoral theses, . improved their skills, about 85 doctors, urologists from the Moscow region and other regions near and far abroad (Palestine, . Guinea, . Syria),
. One of her students was awarded the Jubilee Medal of Russia Academy of Medical Sciences (1999). Under the leadership of MF Trapeznikova a network of specialized urological service in the Moscow region, her students led by 20 urological departments in the Moscow region and in the near abroad.
. She is the author of more than 350 scientific papers, . published in Russian and foreign publications, . including 7 monographs, . handbook uroonkologii, . 7 chapters in textbooks and manuals of Urology (4 co-authored), . 24 guidelines and training manuals, . 9 inventions, . 12 innovations,
. Another 2 monographs accepted for publication. Create partitions in a computer disk Endourology "(Moscow, R. Wolf, 1998).
. MF Trapeznikova - Vice-Chairman and member of the Presidium of the Board of the All-Russia Scientific Society of Urology, . Chairman of the Regional otdeleniya Rossiiskogo Society of Urology, . member of the editorial board of the journal "Urology", . Member of International and European Association of Urology.,
. In 1988, for his merits in the development of medical science and training M.F
. Trapeznikova awarded the title "Honored Scientist of RSFSR (1988). She was awarded badge "Excellent Health", medals.
Lives and works in Moscow.