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Auerbach, Leopold L.

( Literary critic)

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Biography Auerbach, Leopold L.
Auerbach, Leopold L. (1903 - 14.8.1939), literary critic. Relative YA.M. Sverdlov, brother-in i.i. Berries. In the 1920 - 1930. Auerbach was one of the leaders of militant groups in the Soviet literature, "the post", the editor of the magazine. In 1925, amounted to "April Theses", in which the causes of the crisis in literature declared "the transition of the press department of the Central Committee of the malevolent neutrality to hostile demonstrations against napostovtsev". In 1926 came the magazine Bolshevik, "a statement about the aggravation of class struggle in the culture:" Who will revise - whether the old mass culture will be able to break bricks, . or building integrated old culture will be stronger proletarian educational work ",
. Actively opposed L.D. Trotsky, for which he was later charged that "creating even the appearance of noisy, relentless hostility with Trotsky, Vronsky, Bukharin". Auerbach was one of 3 editors (along with M. Gorky) collection, in which Soviet writers and artists praised the work of prisoners on the construction of the White Sea-Baltic Canal (1934). In the group "the post" Auerbach tried to establish a personal dictatorship, speaking with attacks on those writers who are considered "fellow travelers". His image is derived from the face of one of the most aggressive in the novel litkritikov MA. Bulgakov's "Master and Margarita". Contributed to the emergence of the poem A. Poor "Get down with the press, after which the slogan" odemyanivaniya "literature. In 1937, Auerbach and his associates were arrested and the group "Averbakh, Kirshon, Afinogenov & Co" was declared a "Trotskyist group in the literature". According to the critic VY. Kirpotin, "they argued that they are the most orthodox, the most that neither is on the best conductors of the Party line in literature". "Averbahovschina - poison and expansion in literary circles," - wrote Kirpotin. 26.5.1937 from the Board of the Writers' Union had been excluded "henchmen" A. - In. Kirshon, Bruno Yasensky, A. Afinogenov and K. Gorbunov. Sentenced to death. Shot. He was posthumously rehabilitated.


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Auerbach, Leopold L., photo, biography
Auerbach, Leopold L., photo, biography Auerbach, Leopold L.  Literary critic, photo, biography
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