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ANTONOV-OVSEYENKO Vladimir

( The outstanding Soviet military leader)

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Biography ANTONOV-OVSEYENKO Vladimir
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Antonov Ovseyenko Vladimir Alexandrovich (1884-1939) - an outstanding Soviet military leader. In the revolutionary movement - from 1901. In the Bolshevik Party came in June, 1917. During the October armed uprising - a member of the Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee, one of the leaders of the storming of the Winter Palace. At the II All-Russia Congress of Soviets became a member of the Council of People's Commissars as a member of the Committee on Military and Naval Affairs. In late 1917-early 1918. commanded the Soviet troops fighting against Kaledinites and the Central Council. From March to May 1918. - Commander of the South of Russia: from January to June 1919. - Commander of the Ukrainian Front. In 1922 - 1924 he. - Head of the Political Administration of the Military Revolutionary Council in subsequent years was on a Soviet military, diplomatic work. In 1923-1927 he. belonged to the Trotskyist opposition, in 1928. broke her.

See. F.F. Raskolnikov at her post. M. 1964.


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ANTONOV-OVSEYENKO (real name - Ovseyenko) Vladimir (9.3.1883, Chernigov - 10.2.1938), the party leader, diplomat. Son Lieutenant. Educated at St. Petersburg College cadet (1904). Since 1901 actively participated in the revolutionary movement in 1903 joined RSDLP (Mensheviks). He was one of the organizers of the uprising in Sevastopol in 1906, for which he was sentenced to death, commuted to 20 years hard labor. He escaped from detention and was in hiding in Finland, Moscow and St. Petersburg. From 1910 to emigration. In May 1917 entered into RSDLP (b). In September 1917 at the Finnish commissioner Tsentrobalt governor-general. Vokt. 1917 was a member and was secretary of the Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee (WRC), was one of the leaders of a so-called. "storming the Winter Palace and arrested members of the Provisional Government. When it was formed the first Bolshevik government - CNS, Antonov-Ovseyenko won him the post of Commissar of Post and Telegraphs. In the Nov.-Dec. 1917 commander of the Petrograd district of the river. Since December. 1917 commander of the Red forces in Ukraine, in March-May 1918, Chief Red forces in Southern Russia. Since May 1918 a member of the Supreme Military Council, in September-October. 1918 Commander grugppoy armies of the Eastern Front, from Nov.. commander of the Special Forces team commander of the Kursk direction and the Soviet Army in Ukraine. In January - June 1919 Commander of the Ukrainian Front. In Sept.. 1918 - May 1919 Member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic. Occupying a large military posts, Antonov-Ovseyenko not possessed military talent, remained primarily a political leader. During the command of their troops on the territory under his control were widely used executions of hostages, as well as mass repressions against "class enemies" and "nationalists". In April. 1919 transferred to administrative work and was appointed Chairman of the executive committee of the Tambov. Tough measures Antonov-in t.ch. of the surplus-largely contributed to that brought to the limit of the peasants of Tambov in August. 1920 uprising led by rose A.S. Antonov. Antonov Ovseyenko in April 1920 was transferred to Moscow, where he successively held the posts of member of the boards of People's Commissariat of Labor, the NKVD, People's Commissariat of Workers 'and Peasants' Inspectorate, before. Military authorities in Glavkomtrude, Deputy. prev. Small RSFSR SNK. Feb.-Aug. Before 1921. Plenipotentiary Commission of the Central Executive Committee to combat gang violence in the province of Tambov. After the defeat of the uprising troops Antonovsky MN. Tukhachevskogo led by Antonov-Ovseyenko were taken massive and brutal repression adequately to the participants of the uprising, as well as "collaborators", their family members, etc.. In fact, the whole province was flooded with blood. 11.06.1921, he along with Tukhachevsky signed an order, . provides for the immediate execution without trial for "citizens, . refuse to call your name ", . Hostages, . in the case of finding hidden weapons to shoot on the spot without trial, a senior person in the family ", . Besides family, . sheltered family members or property bandits, . declared bandits with immediate shooting, etc.,
. Since August. 1922 to January. Early 1924. Political Administration of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic (from 1923 - the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR). In 1923-27 belonged to L.D. Trotsky, in 1928 but broke with him. In 1925, for communication with Trotsky was removed from leadership positions and was appointed ambassador to Czechoslovakia. Since 1928 Ambassador to Lithuania, since 1930 - in Poland. Since 1934, Attorney RSFSR, in this post helped establish the practice of sentencing for "proletarian necessity". During the Civil War in Spain in 1936-37 served as Consul General in Barcelona - in this city held the overwhelming majority of military cargo from the Soviet Union to the Communist forces. Recalled to Moscow and arrested 13/10/1937. Found guilty of belonging to the Trotskyist terrorist and espionage organization and 08/02/1938 sentenced to death. Shot. In 1956, rehabilitated.

To use material from the book.: Zaleski KA. Stalin's empire. Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000


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Antonov Ovseyenko (cf.. Pham. Ovseyenko) Vladimir (1883, Chernihiv - 1938) - an active participant in October, owls. military leader, diplomat. Genus. family line officer. In 1901 he graduated from the Voronezh Cadet Corps and at the request of his father entered the Nikolaev Military Engineering uch-School. He refused to swear "allegiance to the king and the fatherland," explaining that "organic aversion to militarism," and after a short arrest had been given bail father. In 1902, left home and worked as a laborer and his coachman. Entered in Petrograd Junker uch-School and led it roar. propaganda. In 1902, Antonov-Ovseenko joined RSDLP. After uchscha in 1904 he served in Warsaw, where he founded the Warsaw Military Committee RSDLP and conducted propaganda work among the soldiers and officers. In the roar. 1905 - 1907 was one of the leaders of the uprising in New Alexandria in Poland and in Sevastopol, for which he was sentenced to death, commuted to 20 years hard labor. Fled. Under pseudonyms worked in Finland, Petrograd, Moscow: In 1910, fleeing from arrest, he emigrated to France where he joined the Mensheviks. During World War II worked in newspapers, solidarizuyas with the Bolsheviks in their attitude to war. In 1917 Amnesty Antonov-Ovseyenko. returned to Russia, joined the Petrograd Bolshevik organization and soon became one of its leaders. Antonov Ovseyenko was one of the main organizers of the October Revolution. Member of the Revolutionary Military Committee, he commanded the capture of the Winter Palace and arrest of the Provisional Government. At the II All-Russia. Congress of Soviets Antonov-Ovseenko. joined the ANC - the first Soviet government - the People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs. Took an active part in suppressing the speech of troops п-.пг. Kerensky P.N. Krasnov, emerged on the approaches to Petrograd. During the Civil War has held command positions. Participated in the defeat of Kaledin and Kornilov. At the same time to address social issues. Kharkov workers asked Antonov Ovseyenko help them get the money to the rye-entrepreneurs do not pay on time because of introducing an 8-hour workday. Antonov-15 Ovseyenko planted capitalists in train cars, and announced that, or they will collect a million in cash, or they are sent to work in the mines. The money was collected that will inspire in. I. Lenin, to-ing sent a telegram: "It is particularly welcome, and I welcome the arrest of millionaire-saboteurs in the car I and Class II. I advise you to send them for six months at hard labor in mines. Once again, welcome you for your determination and condemn wavering ". Resolutely and strictly acted Antonov-Ovseyenko as authorized by the Central Executive Committee of surplus-appropriation system in the Vitebsk Province. and the suppression of the peasant uprising in Tambov Province. Actively participate in state. construction: a member of the Board and the People's Commissariat of the NKVD, the deputy. Chairman of the Junior Council of Ministers, the Chief Political Administration of the Military Revolutionary Council. In 1924 - -1934 in the diplomatic service in Czechoslovakia, Lithuania and Poland. Since 1934, the prosecutor of the RSFSR. In 1936 - 1937 - Consul General of Spain SSSR.v. In 1937, Antonov-Ovseenko was appointed People's Commissar of Justice of the RSFSR, but was soon arrested and the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court sentenced to death as the head of the "Trotskyite terrorist and espionage organization". Was reinstated in the party and was posthumously rehabilitated in 1956.

Used materials kn.: Shikman A.P. Figures of national history. Biographical Directory. Moscow, 1997.


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Antonov Ovseyenko (cf.. Pham. Ovseyenko) Vladimir (March 9, 1883, Chernihiv, - February 10. 1938). From the officer's family. In the roar. Traffic in 1901 (Warsaw). Tsp. RSDLP since 1902 (St. Petersburg). Graduated Vladimirskoye nex. uch-School (1904. Petersburg). In the Revolution of 1905 - 1907 one of the leaders of the Military. uprisings in Poland, Sebastopol. In 1906 sentenced to death, commuted to 20 years penal servitude; ran. From 1910 to emigration; belonged to the pro-Party Mensheviks. In late. 1914 declared solidarity with the Bolsheviks on the attitude to imperialistich. war.

Since May 1917 in Russia, joined the Bolshevik. Party in Petrograd. Tsp. Military. org-tion with RSDLP (b) was sent to the Central Committee in Helsinki, led the roar. work among the soldiers Sev. Front and the Baltic Fleet sailors, one of the red. gas. Volna. Member Vseros. Conference front and rear org-tions RSDLP (b) (June). After the July crisis, concluded in Petrograd. prison "Crosses", Joint. with F.F. Raskolnikov on behalf of prisoners of the Bolsheviks signed a protest ACCESSED. pr-vu against unreasonable seizures. Sep 4, released on bail. Centrobalt appointed Commissioner for gene-Governor of Finland, took part in the All-Russia. Dem. meeting (September).

Affairs. 2 nd Congress of the Baltic Fleet sailors (Sept.-Oct.) Announced an appeal "To the oppressed of all countries". Sep 30. elected member of. Finley. Region. Bureau RSDLP (b). Tsp. Arr. to-ta and cases. Congress of Soviets North. region (October), elected member of. Executive Committee. October 15. participated in a conference of military. org-tions RSDLP (b) North. Front, from to-cerned in Nov.. elected member of. Inaugural. Coll. Tsp. and secretary. Petrograd. WRC, with October 21. tsp. Bureau VRK. October 23. at a meeting of the Petrograd. RNC informed the Council that most parts of the garrison was in favor of the establishment of Soviet power, that under the Bolshevik. control of the weapon W-ing and storage, enhanced external. ring defense of Petrograd, arming Kp. Guards, paralysis of the headquarters of the Petrograd. VO and Time. Prospect Island.

On October 24. tsp. Field Staff VRK, one of the organizers of operations for the freezing of the Winter Palace, of Peter and Paul. Castle in the evening on October 25. sent an ultimatum ACCESSED. Prospect vu. October 26. one of the leaders of the seizure of the Winter Palace and arrest ACCESSED. Prospect Island. He reported 2-th All-Russia. Congress of Soviets of the RNC on the conclusion of Peter and Paul. Fortress Ministers ACCESSED. Prospect Island, was elected member of. Presidium of the Congress. He went into the CNS - tsp. K-ta for military. and obsolescence. cases (Commissar in charge of internal. front). During the suppression of speech п-.пг. Kerensky P.N. Krasnov (Oct. 27-Nov 2.) Tsp. Staff of the Petrograd. BD and pom. commands troops in, with 9 Nov.. commands troops in. Evening of 28 Nov.. in Petrograd, was captured by cadets, a shot-hence take Antonov-Ovseyenko - hoping to exchange him for 50 cadets arrested the morning of Nov 29. mediated amer. journalist ap. Williams released a roar. sailors.

Since December. commands troops in the battle with the Cossacks of Ataman п-.п°. Kaledin on the Don, with Gaydamak Center. Rada and the Austro-germ. occupiers Ukraine. One of the organizers of Kp. Army. In late. August-early. Sept.. 1918 owls head. delegation at the talks in Berlin with representatives of the germ. Prospect Island on the possibility of participation therein. forces in armed. against English. occupation in northern Europe. Russia. In the years of the Civil. war on the military. and then, at state. diploma. work. October 13. 1,937 arrested and 8 Feb.. 1938 Military. Top panel. Court of the USSR sentenced to death on charges of belonging to the hands-woo "Trotskyist terrorist and espionage org-tions". In 1956, rehabilitated.


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