BERMAN Matthew Davidovich( The statesman, one of the founders of the Gulag, the Commissioner of State Security 3rd Rank)
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Biography BERMAN Matthew Davidovich
Matthew Berman Davidovich (10.04.1898, d Andrianovka County Transbaikalian Chita region - 07.03.1939), statesman, one of the founders of the Gulag, the Commissioner of State Security 3rd Rank (29.11.1935). The son of a Jewish merchant, went bankrupt owner of a brick factory, brother B.D. Berman. Educated in the Chita commercial school (1916) and the Irkutsk Military College (Oct. 1917). Out of school issued an ensign in the 25 th Reserve Infantry Regiment, stationed in Tomsk. In June 1917, entered into RSDLP (b). In 1918 was the first head. agitpropotdelom military office, and in August. 1918 transferred to the bodies of the Cheka and was appointed chairman of the Cheka in the city of Glazov Vyatka Province. Using the unlimited power in the city, Berman led the racket and in Sept.. 1918 was even expelled for drunkenness and abuse of authority from the party for a month. In 1918-19 Instructor of the Special Section of the 3rd Army. From 1919 he held senior positions in local Cheka: pom. early. Secret Operations of the Yekaterinburg GubChK (1919), before. GubChK Tomsk (1920), then director Gospolitohrany (so it was covertly name the same Cheka) Saigon Far Eastern Republic. In 1920-21 headed the KGB in Verkhneudinsk, Semipalatinsk, in March 1921 - February. 1922 - Irkutsk. In March 1921 - August. Early 1923. 0sobogo, Division 5-th Army, in Feb.. 1922 - August. Early 1923. Irkutsk provincial department of the GPU, in 1923-24 beginning. Buryat-Mongol department GPU. Since Sept.. 1923 People's Commissar of Internal Affairs Mongrlskoy Buryat ASSR. From 17.8.1924 to 1.2.1928 vice. Plenipotentiary Representative of the GPU on Central Asia and the beg. Secret-operative management. Simultaneous 15.2.1927 on 1.2.1928 before the. GPU Uzrekskoy SSR. On 20.2.1928 beginning. Vladivostok department of the District HCP. in Nov.. 1929 - early July 1930. Secret-operative management and vice. Plenipotentiary of the OGPU in the Ivanovo Industrial Region. 15/7/1930 transferred to the central apparatus of OGPU and was appointed Deputy. early. Office of the camps. From 9.6.1932 beginning. General Directorate of camps (GULAG) OGPU (later - the NKVD) Soviet Union. It Berman became the creator of the huge "state" of prisoners from the gulag and made a commercial enterprise based on the use of slave labor. Simultaneously 29/9/1936 Deputy. Commissar of Internal. Affairs of the USSR. In 1936-37 supervised the construction of the Moscow-Volga Canal, in addition to the 22 July to 26 October. Berman 1936. head and colonization department of the NKVD USSR. In 1937 was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. On 16.8.1937 Commissar svya: su Soviet Union. 24/12/1938 arrested and 7.3.1939 the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court sentenced to death. Shot. In 1957, rehabilitated.