BUBNOV Andrey( Party and state leaders.)
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Biography BUBNOV Andrey
Andrey Bubnov (22.3.1883, Ivanovo-Voznesensk - 1.8.1938), party and state leaders. The son of a merchant. In 1903 joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. Entered the Moscow Institute of Agriculture, but was expelled for revolutionary activity. During the revolution of 1905-1907 member of the Ivanovo-Voznesensky Committee RSDLP (b) (1905), a member of the Bureau of Ivanovo-Voznesensky Union RSDLP (b) (1906), a member of the Moscow Committee RSDLP (1907). Since 1908 member of the Regional Bureau of RSDLP Central Industrial Area. In 1910-1917 on the instructions of the Party led the party work in large industrial centers of Russia - St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, etc.. In 1908, 1910 and 1913 he was arrested. In late 1916 and was arrested in Feb.. 1917 was exiled to Siberia, the phase released. He went into the Moscow Regional Office RSDLP (b). At the VI Congress RSDLP (b) (1917) elected a member of the CC. Representing the Central Committee of the Petrograd Committee RSDLP (b). 10.10.1917 elected a member of the Politburo, and on October 16 - a member of the Military Revolutionary Party Center to lead an armed uprising. He was a member of the Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee (WRC), was commissioner of railway stations. 25/10/1917 headed the overall management of field staff VRK. In November 1917 appointed member of the board of the People's Commissariat of Railways. In December. 1917 Commissioner of Railways in the South. In 1918, belonged to the "Left" Communists, in March 1918 at the VII Congress of the RCP (b) opposed the Brest-Litovsk and read out the statement in the CC ". In March-April 1918, People's Secretary (Commissar) of economic affairs of Ukraine. Since April. 1918 Member of the Bureau of leadership of the rebel fighting in the enemy rear. In July-Sept. Before 1918. Ukrainian central VRK. In October, 1918 - February 1919, a member of the Kyiv Committee of the underground CP (b) of Ukraine, before. clandestine executive committee and executive committee. In March-April 1919 before. Kiev executive committee, from August 1919 to September 1920 a member of the Defense Council of Ukraine, in March 1919 - March 1920 Member of the Politburo of the CC CP (b) of Ukraine,. At the same time was part of the Revolutionary Military Council and was the beginning. political departments of the various armies. In 1920 in Moscow, he worked in the Directorate of textile enterprises, member of the Bureau of the Moscow Party Committee. Participated in the suppression of the Kronstadt uprising. Since 1921 member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the North Caucasian Military District, 1 st Cavalry, a member of the South-East Bureau of the CC RCP (b), in 1921-22 belonged to the inner group "Democratic Centralists" ( "democratic centralism"). In 1922-23 Head. Agitation and Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the RCP (b), conducted the campaigns. In 1923 he joined in L.D. Trotsky, but then broke with him and became a fervent supporter of I.V. Stalin. Once is not without its help defeat Trotsky, Stalin in early 1924 appointed Bubnov extremely important position early. Political Administration of the Red Army, member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR and the managing editor of the newspaper "Krasnaya Zvezda". Managed large-scale purge in the army, which resulted from its ranks has been removed a large number of commissioners who had previously sided with Trotsky. At the same time from 30 April to 18 December 1925 Secretary of the CPSU (b). In the 1922-1924 candidate member in 1924-34 a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). 02/06/1924 - 26/1/1934 Member of the Organizing Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). 01.01.1926 - 26.6.1930 candidate member of the Secretariat of the Central Committee. In 1928 led the fight against "tolmachevtsami" - the parties "vnutriarmeyskoy opposition (YA.L. Berman, MM. Landa, etc.). Since September 1929 the People's Commissar of Education of the RSFSR. Conducted a reform of the Soviet school, turning it into an obedient tool of the communist ideology at the expense of fundamental knowledge. B. was one of the first authors of works on the history of the Communist Party and one of the first initiated the falsification of history, it podstraivaniyu podtrebovaniya ideology. 17/10/1937 Arrested. 1/8/1938 sentenced to death. Shot. In 1956, rehabilitated and restored in the party.
To use material from the book.: Zaleski KA. Stalin's empire. Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000
Andrey Bubnov (22 March 1884, Ivanovo-Voznesensk - August 1, 1938, Moscow). From the family of the merchant. Moscow student. St. X. Inst in 1903 joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. In Rev-tion 1905-07 member of the Ivanovo-Voznesensky, the Moscow committee of the Moscow Regional Office RSDLP delegate 4 th (1906) and the 5 th (1907) Party Congresses. Was arrested and exiled. At the 6 th (Prague) All-Russia. Conf. RSDLP (1912) in absentia scheduled Candidate. for co-optation of the CC. 1913 tsp. Editorial Bolshevik. gas. Pravda.
At the end of 1916, arrested in February 1917 and exiled to Siberia, but was released during the February Revolution. March 17 led the revolutionary work in Samara, Ivanovo-Voznesensk, Moscow. April 14 is one of the front. desks. Conference Org-tion Ivano-Voznesensk, Kineshma, Gus-Crystal, Shuya and Vladimir; elected Affairs. 7 th (April) All-Russia. Conf. RSDLP (b). Affairs. 1-st Moscow. Region. desks. conference (19 April), at the suggestion of the Bubnov the resolution "On the relation to time. pr-woo "on demand control of the Council of activity Time. Prospect Island and its local bodies: elected member of. Mosk. Region. Bureau RSDRGKb). Since April. Member of the Executive Committee of Moscow. Council RD. At the 7 th (April) desks. Conf. read a resolution proposed by Moscow. Region. desks. Conference: Speaking to the assessment date, offering "immediately raise the banner CET. war, to overthrow the Provisional. pr-in, carry out our dictatorship "[" 7-I (April) conference RSDLP (b), with. 96] Conducted part.-ing. org. and promoter. work in the north of Center. prom. district (Kineshma, Ivano-Voznesensk, etc.). July 4, after receiving news of the armament. demonstrations in Petrograd, at a meeting of MC RSDLP (b) with the district Party Joint. with A. Lomov (GI. Oppokov) and I.N. Stukov suggested the need for immediate seizure of Post, Telegraph and others. institutions in Moscow, to-Roe was rejected. Affairs. 6 th Party Congress (b) (July 26 - August 3.) Elected a member of. CC and narrow the CC in August-October. directed editors gas. "Soldier" - organ of the Military. org-tion with the Party Central Committee. Since August. representative of the Central Committee of the Petersburg Committee (b). from Sept.. Member of the Executive Committee of the Petrograd. Council RDA. Eve speech gene. L.G. Kornilov Moscow Bolsheviks went on the block with the Mensheviks and SRs to "repel the counter-tion," without defining the modalities for cooperation. RSDLP (b) 14 August. Bubnov sent to Moscow to investigate this fact. Bubnov convened a meeting of MC RSDLP (b), to-Roe condemned the agreement concluded. The report on the meeting RSDLP (b) 27 August. stressed the danger hovering over Petrograd in connection with the Kornilov revolt: on the proposal of the Bubnov all parties. org-tion were put on alert, began arming the workers, the military units sent to representatives of the Bolsheviks.
At the meeting RSDLP (b) Oct. 10. elected member of. Polit, Bureau of the Central Committee on 11-13 October. Affairs. Congress of Soviets North. area. October 15. the meeting RSDLP (b) outlining the specific measures desks. org-tion on the immediate, the preparation of the uprising. At the meeting of the Party Central Committee on October 16. elected member of. Voen.-roar. Center for Hand-Vu rebellion. He is known in Petrograd. VRK October 24. led the capture of Jean-d. terminals and stations Petrograd. J.-d. node. October 25. on behalf of the Central Committee headed by a general hands-on field headquarters of the Petrograd. VRK. Affairs. 2-nd All-Russia. Congress of Soviets of the RNC, has been elected member of. In the days of the All performances п-.пг. Kerensky - P.N. Krasnov as Commissioner of the Petrograd Revolutionary Military Committee. J.-d. node set krasnogv. control over all stations, has prevented a strike planned Vikzhel. Nov 5. appointed Commissioner of yellow. roads of. 16 Nov.. sent to the South of Russia and Ukraine to assist in the establishment of the Soviet. power. 26-30 Nov.. one of the leaders of Defense of Rostov-on-Don, from the troops Ataman п-.п°. Kaledin. On December 10. tsp. Board of People's Commissariat of Ways and railroad commissioner. roads in the south.
In early. 1918 on the conclusion of peace with Germany was a group of "Left Communists": signed a "Statement of the Central Committee of its members and drug. Commissioners' filed by the Party Central Committee Feb. 22., in a rum-conclusion of peace was proclaimed "capitulation best consolation Intern. proletariat to the Intern. bourgeoisie "[" The Protocols RSDLP (b), with. 209] At the 7 th (Extraordinary) Congress of the RCP (b) (March) continued to oppose the Brest peace, defended the need to maintain roar. War; read the "Statement of the Central Committee", filed on February 22.
In March - April. 1918 People. secretary. (Commissar) households. Affairs of Ukraine, in April-July tsp. Bureau of hands-woo povstanch. fight behind enemy lines, in June - Sept.. prev. Vseukr. Center. VRK. Affairs. 1 st Congress of the CP (b) U (July), elected member of. CC. Since October. one of the leaders of the Party. underground in Ukraine, then on the political work in the Kp. Army.
From 1922 to the Party and state work. One of the first historians of the Bolshevik. Party. August 1, 1938 sentenced by a military. Top panel. Court of the USSR to be shot. Rehabilitated in 1956.