DYBENKO Paul Efimovich( Soviet military and statesman)
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Biography DYBENKO Paul Efimovich
Yefimovich Dybenko Paul (1889-1938) - Soviet military and statesman. A member of the Bolshevik Party from 1912. After the February bourgeois-democratic revolution was the chairman of the Central Committee of the Baltic Fleet (Tsentrobalt), actively participated in preparing the fleet for the October armed uprising. At the II All-Russia Congress of Soviets became a member of the Council of People's Commissars as a member of the Committee on Military and Naval Affairs. Until March 1918 - People's Commissioner for Maritime Affairs. During the Civil War and peace-building was in command positions in the Red Army.
See. F.F. Raskolnikov at her post. M. 1964.
Dybenko Pavel Repin (1889, with. Lyudkov Chernigov Province. - 1938) - cos. Military and State. figure. Genus. and many children in a poor peasant family. Learned to read in traditional school willows 1899 Dybenko entered the three-class city uch-School. He served in the Treasury, but was dismissed for disloyalty and went to Riga, where he became a longshoreman. Since 1907, participated in the Bolshevik circles and fell under the secret surveillance of the police. He tried to evade military service, new in 1911 was arrested and sent to the recruiting station stage. In 1912, as a sailor of the Baltic Fleet, joined the Bolshevik Party. In 1915 Dybenko became one of the leaders of the anti-war uprising of sailors on the battleship "Imperator Pavel I", for which he was arrested and after a 6-month detention was sent to the front, where over the roar of the. work among the soldiers had been arrested again. Dybenko was released on February roar. 1917. Helsingfors was a member of the Board in April. 1917 Dybenko was elected chairman of the Central Committee of the Baltic Fleet (Tsentrobalt). During the preparation of the July uprising, was arrested and before Sept.. kept in prison "Crosses". Dybenko took an active part in the October Revolution, creating and sending detachments of sailors in Petrograd. During the campaign п-.пг. Kerensky P.N. Krasnov's in command of detachments of sailors and workers. In the Autobiography Dybenko wrote: "Closing the adventure Kerensky, who personally arrested Krasnov and delivered in Smolny". Sokt. 1917 to April: 1918 was the People's Commissar for Naval Affairs. During the German offensive Dybenko left Narva, for which he was relieved from his post as commissar and tried roar. Tribunal considered that to the task, he said, not a military expert, was not at all prepared "and acquitted him. Dybenko was sent to work illegally in the Ukraine and Crimea, but was arrested. After an unsuccessful escape from the prison of Sevastopol was sentenced to death, but exchanged for captured German officers. Actively participated in the civil war in 1919, led Zadneprovski division, occupying the Crimea, became people's commissar of the Crimean Republic. Dybenko was one of the leaders of the capture and defeat Tsaritsina Denikin army. In 1921 Dybenko involved in suppressing the uprising in Kronstadt. He was awarded three Orders of the Red Banner. In 1922 Dybenko external students graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff. He served as chief of the Ordnance Department, was the chief supply of the Red Army. In 1928 - 1938 commanded the forces of Central Asian, Volga, Siberia and Leningrad military districts. He was a member of the CEC of the USSR. Dybenko - author of the book.: "From the depths of the king's fleet to the Great October Revolution" (M. 1958), "Rebels" (M. 1923) and others. In 1938 Dybenko was shot. Rehabilitated in 1956.
Used materials kn.: Shikman A.P. Figures of national history. Biographical Directory. Moscow, 1997.
In the 1917 revolution
Dybenko Pavel Repin (February 16, 1889, with. Lyudkov Novozybkov y. Chernigov Province. - July 29, 1938). From farmers. Graduated from the 3-classroom school in the city Novozybkov. He worked as a loader at the Port of Riga, he studied at the Electrotechnical. courses. Since 1911 the Baltic Fleet sailor. From 1912 tsp. RSDLP, Bolshevik. In 1913 he graduated from the mine to school and served on the battleship "Imp. Paul I ": in 1915 one of the organizers of the uprising in the military. courts, arrested and in 1916 sent in the sea. battalion at the front near Riga. For refusing to obey orders to attack the battalion disbanded and Dybenko for anti-war propaganda was sentenced to 2 months. prison. Since the summer of 1916 he served on transp. ship in Helsingfors: non-commissioned officer.
Member Febvre. Revolution of 1917 in Petrograd. Since March, Helsingfors, was elected a member of the RNC. 28-30 April. one of the organizers of Tsentrobalt, May 2, elected him before. Affairs. 1 st Congress of the Baltic Fleet sailors (25 May - 15 June), . was co-rapporteur on the issue "On the Relationship Tsentrobalt with the headquarters of the fleet", . on to-rum Congress adopted the proposed resolution Dybenko: Tsentrobalt granted the right to control the activities of the commander and his staff,
. On receiving the order Fleet Commander D.N. Verderevsky on the formation of 6 Sailors of the battalions to participate in the upcoming June offensive at the front Dybenko wrote the resolution: "Due to lack of specialists on the ships and the threat of attack it. Fleet no sailor, loyal Revolution of, can not leave the ship ... Those who voluntarily leave the ship be removed from the fleet and is considered the last disrupters "(Zhigalov IM, A Tale of BALT. sailor, M '1973,. 37). July 4, led the delegation Tsentrobalt arrived in Petrograd in order to demand from the Central Executive Committee of transferring power to the Soviets. July 5 arrested and imprisoned "Crosses". At the insistence of the Bolsheviks - members Tsentroflot Helsingfors and sailors deputy assembly, Sep 5. released to the ban to travel to Helsinki. But after a few. Day came back and joined in the work Tsentrobalt and preparing the convening of the 2 nd Congress of the Baltic Fleet. Sep 19. joint meeting Tsentrobalt, ship to-ing and a sailor section Helsingfors Soviet medium-range missiles under the front. Dybenko adopted a resolution to-Roy stated that Tsentrobalt does not recognize the government at. Prospect Island.
Affairs. 2 nd Congress of the Baltic Fleet (25 Sept-5 October.). During the Battle of Moon Sound from the germ. Fleet (29 Sept.-October 6.) participated in the battles in the district of the islands of Hiiumaa and Saaremaa Island. Since late. Sept.. Member Finlay. Region. Bureau RSDLP (b). Affairs. Congress of Soviets of the Northern Region. (11-13 oct.), Elected member of. Executive Committee. On October 16. again before. Tsentrobalt. Joined the Petrograd. VRK. Elected Affairs. 2-nd All-Russia. Congress of Soviets of the RNC, but arrive in Petrograd failed, tk. led the 'troika' to prepare the insurrection.
During October. armament. Restore. led the formation and dispatch from Helsingfors and Kronstadt troops roar. sailors and military. ships in Petrograd on October 28. arrived in Petrograd, during the offensive п-.пг. Kerensky - P.N. Krasnov (27 Oct-1 Nov). Commanded the roar of. forces in the district of the Tsarskoe Selo and Gatchina, arrested gene. Krasnov. In October. 1917 - March 1918 in the first part of ANC member of the K-ta for military. and obsolescence. Cases - Commissar. On Nov 7. Top headed. mor. Board. One of the organizers of the convening of the 1 st All-Russia. Congress Military. Navy (18-25 nov.), made a report on the reorganization of obsolescence management. Office. Headed the revamped Top. mor. Board. In November. elected members to establish. Coll. (from the Baltic Fleet). December 4. issued an order to abolish the post of commander of the fleet, putting his duties on military. Department Tsentrobalt.
In December. joined the exceedingly. state to protect society, the order in Petrograd in connection with the convening of the inaugural. Coll., Concentrated in the city of St.. 5 thousand. sailors. January 5. 1918, speaking at the inaugural meeting. Coll., Said on behalf of the Baltic Fleet sailors: "... we recognize only owls. power; for owls. power of our bayonets, our weapons, and everything else - we are against them. Down with them! "(" to establish. Coll., "With. 34). January 6. (ca. 4 h. night) violated indication VI. Lenin and ms. Uritskogo on non-violence towards members to establish. Coll. "I gave the order to disperse the inaugural. Coll. even after. as the Tauride leave nar. Commissioners - Dybenko wrote in his memoirs - of the order learned Comrade. Lenin. He turned to me and demanded its repeal. "And give the subscription, Vladimir Ilyich, that tomorrow will not fall, no monkey head on the streets of Petrograd?" Comrade Lenin resorted to promoting Comrade. Kollontai, to make me cancel an order. Summoned Zheleznyaka (early. Guard sailor A.G. Zheleznyakov - Author). Lenin ordered him not to comply with the order and imposes on my written order of its resolution: Tov. Zheleznyak. Uch Ed. Coll. not to disperse until the end of today's meeting ". In words, he adds: "Tomorrow morning, in the Tauride one not to miss ..." For Comrade. Lenin and the others leave Tauride People. Commissioners. At the entrance Zheleznyaka meet. Zheleznyak: "What will I get if I obeyed orders Comrade. Lenin? "I replied:" Constituent Assembly acceleration, and tomorrow Razberemsya. Zheleznyak only waiting "(Dybenko PE, rebels, M., 1923, C. 110).
January 29. 1918 reported on the reorganization of the fleet at a meeting of ANC, in a-rum adopted a decree on the establishment of the Workers' Cross. Kp. Navy, January 30. appointed before. Board Commissariat for mor. Cases. In Feb.. one of the organizers of the Ice expedition Baltic Fleet ships from Revel to Helsinki, then in Kronstadt. During the onset of germ. troops Feb.. commanded sailors troops near Narva. As a result of uncoordinated actions with parts of the army detachments Dybenko were forced to retreat and March 3, Narva was commissioned. In March, removed from the post of Commissar. In May, put on trial for the surrender of Narva germ. troops; acquitted by the court. But the party was excluded: rebuilt in 1922. Since the summer of 1918 at the underground work in the occupied germ. troops of the Crimea and Ukraine, in August. Arrested germ. authorities in Sevastopol, and sentenced to death in November, at the suggestion of the Soviet. Prospect Island, exchanged for prisoners germ. officers. On Nov.. 1918 at command posts in the Kp. Army.
The verdict of the Military. Bar Top. Court of the USSR shot. Rehabilitated in May 1956.
Used Materials Article V. Zabotina in the book.: Politicians Russia 1917. Biographical Dictionary. Moscow, 1993
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. Under Stalin
. Dybenko Pavel Repin (16.2.1889, village Lyudkov Novozybkov County Chernigov province - 29.07.1938), party and military leader, commander of rank 2 (1935)
. Educated in three-class urban school and the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Red Army (1922). Since 1907, the revolutionary movement. In 1911, intended to serve as a sailor in the Baltic Fleet. In 1912 joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. In 1915, one of the leaders of the uprising on the battleship Emperor Paul I ", was arrested and spent six months in prison, then transferred to the shore. Since April. Before 1917. Tsentrobalt, organized detachments of sailors (characterized by low discipline), which became the shock force of the Bolsheviks. During the October Revolution, commanded by red troops in Gatchina and the Red Selo, arrested gene. P.N. Krasnov. From 26/10/1917 to March 1918 the People's Commissar for Naval Affairs. In Feb.. 1918 commanded a detachment of sailors at Narva, was defeated and surrendered the city, for that in May 1918 brought to trial, but acquitted (after the fight - 23 Feb. - Declared a great victory and the Soviet Army Day). Still Dybenko expelled from the party. Summer of 1918 aimed at underground work in Ukraine. In August. 1,918 arrested, but in October. exchanged for captured German officers. On Nov.. 1918 commander of the regiment, brigade, a group of troops, the division. In the spring of 1919 the commander of the Crimean Army and People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs of the Crimean Soviet Republic. In 1919-20 commanded compounds Tsaritsyn and the Caucasus. Supervised punitive. At the head of the Consolidated Division was one of the leaders of the suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion (1921). In 1922, restored in the RKP (b) setting off partstazha since 1912. He married п-.п°. Kollontai, that was the occasion for many jokes in the leadership of the RCP (b): and Dybenko, and Kollontai differed at sexual promiscuity. VI. Lenin even joked that the most terrible punishment for spouses will oblige them during the year to keep fidelity. Since 1922 the commander of a rifle corps. In 1925-26 beginning. Main Artillery Directorate of the Red Army. In 1928 the commander of the Central Asian. Volga, Siberia and Leningrad military districts. At the same time was a member of the Chemistry Committee (since 1925), the Higher Attestation Commission (since 1927), Mobilization Committee (since 1928), etc.. Member of the Central Asian bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) CC CP (b) of Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, a member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR. In 1937 was elected to the Supreme Council. In 1936-37, under his leadership in the Leningrad military district commanders conducted large-scale purges of politically motivated. In 1937, was a member of the Special Bench, a juried group of Soviet military leaders headed by MN. Tukhachevsky п?.п?. Uborevycha I.E. Yakir (all shot on 12.6.1937). Continuing the use of office and state funds to "meet women". In 1938, removed from his post as commander of the Leningrad Military District and was appointed manager of the trust "Kamlesosplav" closely associated with the gulag. 26/2/1938 arrested, the investigation had been beaten and tortured. Pleaded guilty to involvement in the anti-Soviet, Trotskyist, military-fascist conspiracy 29/07/1938 and sentenced to death. Executed in 1956 and rehabilitated.