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Egorov Alexander Ilyich

( Marshal)

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Biography Egorov Alexander Ilyich
photo Egorov Alexander Ilyich
Alexander Ilyich Yegorov (1883-1939) - Marshal of the Soviet Union (1935). In the Civil War commander of the armies in the 1919 - 1920 - Southern Front forces in defeating the armies of General A. I. Denikin and South-Western Front in the war against Poland. In 1931 - 1935 Chief of Staff of the Red Army in 1935 - 1937 Chief of Staff in 1937 - 1938 1 st Deputy Commissar of Defense of the USSR, in 1938 commander of the Transcaucasian IN. Subjected to repression, was posthumously rehabilitated.
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Alexander Ilyich Yegorov was born in the city Buzuluk Samara. In 1901 he graduated from the six classes of Samara classical grammar school and enrolled in a volunteer army. In 1905, at the end of the Kazan infantry cadet school received a military rank. Since the beginning of the First World War was at the front, and participated in many battles, was wounded five times. Due to the personal courage and ability was the commander of the regiment. February Revolution met with the rank of lieutenant. In the days of October, soldiers of 1 st Army of the Northern Front elected him a delegate to the All. In July 1918, Yegorov joined the Bolshevik Party.

. After the revolution, Alexander I., as an experienced military worker, was appointed to the commission on the demobilization of the old army, was one of the organizers of the construction of the new army and took part in the formulation of the decree on the establishment of the Red Army.

. In the difficult time of civil war, the Bolshevik Party Egorova sent to the front
. In October 1918, Alexander Ilich was appointed commander of the 9 th Army, the Southern Front. The army was in the northern part of the Don Region. Here razrozmennyh detachments of Red partisans under his leadership created the regular shelves.

At the end of the year Yegorov takes command of the 10 th Army, which protected Tsaritsin - red stronghold on the Volga. By being exceptional heroism in battle, the red part of the reflected attack. These days, the commander Yegorova could be found everywhere. He by his mere presence could lift the mood of the soldiers and commanders, to impress them confidence in their strength.

Autumn 1919 to limit complicate the situation on the Southern Front. The mortal danger looming over the Soviet Republic. The commander of the Southern Front, the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic adopted a. I. Egorova. In the second half of October 1919 the breakthrough in the situation on the southern front in favor of the Soviet Army. October 20, Soviet troops liberated the Eagle. Soldiers Mounted Group B. M. Primakov broke through the front. Cavalry corps with. M. Budennogo together with small parts of the 8 th Army took Voronezh. Using the success of the cavalry, A. I. Egorov ordered the transition to a general attack on the entire southern front, soon brought the final victory over Denikin.

In the days of historic victories over Denikin new threat looming over our country. April 25, 1920 without a declaration of war on the Poles invaded Ukraine. In this grave hour party appointed a. I. Yegorova, the commander of the South-Western Front.

After the victorious end of the Civil War, the renowned commander, the Chevalier Order of the Red Banner and Honor revolutionary weapon A. I. Egorov gave all his strength, all his exceptional organizational skills and knowledge of the construction of the Armed Forces. His name is the country's deep love and respect. A. I. Yegorov was elected a member of the Central Executive Committee. In 1931, Alexander Ilyich Yegorov was appointed Chief of Staff of the Red Army, in 1935 he assigned the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union.

I had in those years often meet with Alexander Ilyich. He was cheerful, modest, not kichivshimsya posts and titles, boundlessly loyal to the communist cause.

In memory of faces episodes unforgettable days of the first Five. During these years the Red Army from a technically backward country into a progressive, modern army. A. I. Yegorov was one of the initiators of the reorganization of the Red Army on a new technical basis.

Many of us who knew a. And, Egorova, remember his conquering smile, his soft, genuine folk humor, personal charm, some special cordiality, combined with the steel will of a commander.

Marshal Vasilevsky A. M.


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Alexander Ilyich Yegorov (13.10.1883, Buzuluk Samara - 22.02.1939, Moscow), military commander. Marshal of the Soviet Union (20/11/1935). The son of working -. Education received in the Kazan infantry cadet school (1905). He worked as a blacksmith, an external graduated high school course. In 1904 he joined the Socialist Revolutionary Party. During the revolution of 1905-07 took part in the punitive operations in the Caucasus (in Soviet times in order to hide its involvement in suppressing the uprising Egorov started a rumor that at this time he was an opera singer in Italy). In 1914, drafted into the army. Participant 1-st World War, Lieutenant Colonel. In 1917, the regimental commander. 1.5.1917 for anti-war speeches arrested and sentenced to prison. In 1917, the summer of 1918 belonged cool SRs. In January. 1918 participated in the drafting of the decree on the establishment of the Red Army. In July 1918 joined the RKP (b). In 1918, Commissioner Tsentroplenbezha. Since May 1918, and before the Commissioner Vseroglavshtaba. Higher Attestation Commission of the selection of officers in the Red Army. Usually, if the officer did not take, it, in most cases placed in a concentration camp. Since August. 1918 Commander of the 9-th, from December. 1918 - 10 th Army. Supervised the defense of Tsaritsyn. Initiator of the establishment of large cavalry formations (corps, army). Since July 1919 commanded the 14 th Army under the Bryansk and Kiev. Since October. 1919 Commander of the Southern Front, the main groups operating against the armies of the gene. AI. Denikin. In January-December. 1920 commander of the Southwestern Front, led the operations against the Polish forces in Galicia. Cavalier four orders of the Red Banner (1919, 1921, 1924, 1928), awarded in chetnymrevolyutsionnymoruzhiem (1921). After the war ended with the January. 1921 commander of Kiev, from April. 1921 Petrograd Military District, while in Sept.. 1921 - January. 1922 Commander of the Western Front. Then headed Caucasian Red Banner Army, troops of Ukraine and Crimea. In 1925-26 military attache in China. Since 1927 the commander of the Belorussian Military District. Since 1931 the beginning. Red Army General Staff. He was one of the leading theoreticians of the Red Army on strategy and operational art. In 1934-38 a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). 10/5/1937 transferred to the post 1 st Vice. People's Commissar of Defense, which was released after arrest MN. Tukhachevsky. Participated in the plenum (Feb.-March 1937). which actually decided to mass purges in the army, members of the plenum unanimously supported I.V. Stalin. In the 1930's colleagues complained that Stalin had arrogated to himself the merits Yegorov during the Civil War. In it were written denunciations, and at the end of January: 1938, he was removed from his post as deputy. Commissar and was appointed commander of the Transcaucasus Military District. In 1937 was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. 8/2/1938, was arrested his wife Galina Antonovna Tseshkovsky, soon acknowledged with spying for Poland. 25/2/1938 Yegorov was dismissed from the Red Army and was arrested on March 27. At the end of Feb.. wrote K.E. Voroshilov: "I do not admit and can not allow me to at least in his mind could not change this past and become not only already in practice but in thought the enemy of the Party and the People". The immediate cause was the denunciation Kombrig YA.M. Zhigura (shot in 1938), directed Stalin 9/11/1937, as well as denunciation of the Brigade Commander GV Zhukov. During the investigation had been beaten and tortured. During the investigation Yegorov said that "in a conspiracy involving a man all the commanders of districts, except Blucher, and then in the handwritten testimony 31.3.1938 listed 60 members of the conspiracy. Pleaded guilty to involvement in the anti-Soviet, Trotskyist, military-fascist conspiracy, in addition he was charged with criminal association with the organization SS. Kamenev to Stalin's plan to disrupt the defeat of Denikin (1919), . preparation of terrorist acts against Stalin (1920), . an anti-Soviet terrorist organization right in the Red Army (1928), . and then, . that he was a German (from 1931) and Polish (from 1934) spy,
. 2/22/1939 sentenced to death. Shot. In 1956, rehabilitated.

To use material from the book.: Zaleski KA. Stalin's empire. Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000


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Egorov, Alexander I. (1883, Mr.. Busuluk Samara Province. - 1939) - cos. military leader. Genus. in a large family tradesman. Graduated from the Samara classical gymnasium. In 1901, he joined the army rank and file on the Rights of the volunteer and in 1902 produced a non-commissioned officers. V. 1902-1905 he studied at the Kazan cadet infantry uch-School, to-Roe graduated from first-class. Events Russian-Japanese War and the roar. 1905 affected the outlook Egorova, followers of the Socialist-Revolutionaries (SRs). Admiration PP. Schmidt did not prevent Yegorov be a model and campaigner to receive the Order of St.. Stanislav 3rd degree. WWI Yegorov met the company commander with the rank of captain. He fought bravely and skillfully, was repeatedly wounded and was awarded six military orders and St. George's arms, reaching the rank of lieutenant. After February, the roar. 1917 Yegorov joined the Socialist Party. After October Egorov, together with the Left Social Revolutionaries supported the Bolsheviks, was promoted to colonel and delegated to the CEC. Participated in the development of the Decree on the establishment of the Red Army. Since January. 1918 he worked in the military department of the Central Executive Committee. When, after the conclusion of the Brest Peace Left Socialist Revolutionaries left the Owls. Government, Egorov performing a duty inspector on the formation and training of the Red Army, appointed chairman of the Higher Certifying Commission for the selection of former officers in the Soviet. Army, in July 1918 joined the RKP (b). During the Civil War Egorov became commander of 9 th Army of the Southern Front to-Rui a short time managed to turn into a major battle-worthy unit. In 1919, during the defense of Tsaritsina Egorov commanded the 10 th Army. Brilliantly established itself in the spring of 1919, when the bank of the river. Sal smashed and tossed up to 3 infantry regiments of the enemy, commanded the troops of the Southern Front, which played a decisive role in defeating the White Army. In 1920, commanded the South-West. Front, contributing to-cerned defeated White Poles in Ukraine, but because of erroneous actions and. V. Stalin failed Egorov Polish campaign. In 1920 PBC Republic noted "solid theoretical knowledge of military affairs," a vivid work of Egorov during the Civil War and moved its headquarters WPRA. In 1921 Egorov was appointed commander of the Kiev, then the Petrograd Military District. The result of this activity led Egorov, referring to the troops: "During the three-year civil war, all our military vehicles, were constructed and often podognem hurry, needed to be brought into harmonious appearance that you under my direction and made". Since 1922 he commanded a separate army Caucasian. In 1924 headed the armed forces of Ukraine and Crimea. In 1925 - 1926 served as military attache in China. Back home, engaged in reorganization and rearmament of the Red Army, was a member of the Supreme Economic Council. In 1927 - 1931 commanded the forces of the Byelorussian Military District. Since 1931 became chief of staff of the Red Army (from 1935 - the General Staff). In 1935 Egorov was one of the first rank of Marshal of the Soviet. Union. At the XVII Party Congress, he was elected a candidate member of the Central. In 1937 he was appointed deputy. Commissar of Defense of the USSR. During the Great Terror cast his vote "for" exclusion from the party and "for" transfer to the Commissariat "cases" of people known to him as MN. Tukhachevsky п?.п?. Uborevich, Yakir, etc.. Egorov was actively involved in developing the theory of military art and was a supporter of a strong armored forces and air defense. Arrested on a tip-off, Egorov gave testimony at the NI. Bukharin AI. Rykov, refusing to play the role of obedient victim at the trial of "anti-Soviet bloc pravotrotskistskogo". He was rehabilitated posthumously.


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