CEDAR Mikhail( The party leader, one of the heads of state security.)
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Biography CEDAR Mikhail
Cedars Mikhail Sergeyevich (12.2.1878, Moscow - 18.10.1941, Moscow), the party leader, one of the leaders of the state security. The son of a notary. He studied at Moscow University (not finished). In 1901, he joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. He worked in Nizhny Novgorod, Yaroslavl, Simferopol party organizations. In 1904 participated in the tunnel in the prison Taganskaya. During the revolution of 1905-07 was engaged in that supplied the rebels weapons (Moscow). In October. 1905 organized the workers' militia in Kostroma. After the defeat was an agent RSDLP dissemination of party literature. Managed Publishing House "Grain", which printed the work of VI. Lenin. He was arrested, and little more than two years, the gap in the fortress. In 1912 he emigrated to Switzerland. In 1916, under orders of the Central Committee, returned to Russia under the guise of a doctor working on the Caucasian Front. In March-April. Before 1917. Sheriff Hanesskogo Board. In May 1917 members of the military organization in RSDLP (b) and the All-Russia Office Bolshevik organization, editor of "Soldier's Truth. Created newspaper "The Worker and soldier" and "Soldier". On Nov.. 1917 Member of the Board of People's Commissariat for Military Affairs, Commissioner for the demobilization of the Russian army. Vavg.-Sept. 1918 Commander of the North-East area teams hangings. Since Sept.. Early 1918. Military Division, in January. 1919 - Special Section of the Cheka. Along with the March 1919 board member of the Cheka. One of the leaders of the secret police of the Soviet government, organized to identify the "enemies of the people" and repression in the Red Army. Since May 1919 the special plenipotentiary of the Cheka in Vologda, then the southern and western fronts. Even among the not very sentimental workers Cheka Cedars became widely known for his cruelty. Repeatedly directed verification commission (and cleansing) of various government agencies. Since the end of 1919 before. All-Russia Commission on Sanitation of the Republic. In March 1920 appointed member of the special government commission to investigate atrocities of the interventionists and the Whites in the North. In 1921-24 authorized stations in the fishing industry of the South Caspian and authorized the Cheka on Caspian. Since 1924 worked as a Supreme Economic Council and the People's Commissariat of Health. In 1926-27 junior assistant. Prosecutor separate military prosecutor of the Supreme Court of the USSR. In 1931-34 member of the Presidium of the USSR State Planning Committee, since 1934 director of the Medical Institute. In 1936 - 37 Senior Research Fellow of the Neurosurgical Institute. In April. 1939 arrested and detained in the inner prison of the NKVD. At trial, 9/7/1941 acquitted - an unprecedented event in Soviet jurisprudence. Shot on the personal instruction of LP Beria, who feared the revelations of Kedrova. In 1953, rehabilitated.