Bela KUN( The Party leader)
Comments for Bela KUN
Biography Bela KUN
Bela Kun (20.2.1886, place Siladcheh, Austro-Hungary - 30.11.1939), party activist. The son of a clerk. Educated at the University of Kaluga. In 1902 joined the Social Democratic Party of Hungary. Participated in the revolutionary movement in Austria-Hungary. In 1914, drafted into the Austro-Hungarian army. Participant 1-st World War, Ensign, in 1916 captured by the Russian army. In 1916, while in the prison camp (Tomsk), made contact with the Bolsheviks and joined RSDLP. In 1917 he worked in Tomsk party organization. In January. 1918 arrived in Petrograd, then moved to Moscow. In March of 1918 created the Hungarian group of the RCP (b), . organizer of the war-Hungarians "communist" teams, . which together with the Latvian riflemen were Guard Bolsheviks and differed unprecedented, . even for the Civil War, . cruelty and participated in almost all the punitive actions of the regime (in t.ch,
. in the shooting of the royal family). Since May 1918 before. Federation of foreign groups, RCP (B.). Together with the Hungarian squad was involved in the suppression of the Left Socialist-Revolutionary revolt in Moscow. Since August. 1918 Commissioner detachment internationalists (the basis of whom were Hungarians) on the Eastern front, then Commissar Brigade. He participated in the executions of hostages and "class enemies" in Siberia. He is famous as one of the most murderous Bolshevik executioners. In November. 1918 illegally returned to Hungary in Feb. 1,919 arrested, but with the establishment in March 1919, the Hungarian Socialist Republic was released, the People's Commissar for Foreign and Military Affairs. After the defeat of the revolution went to Austria, and in August. 1920 moved to the RSFSR. In Oct.-Nov. 1920 member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Southern Front, and after the evacuation of Russian army gen. P.N. Wrangell - before. Crimean Revolutionary Committee. Many of the officers of the White Army, believing the appeal M.V. Frunze, who promised them forgiveness, remained in the Crimea. Kuhn organized in the Crimea this orgy of murder, the officers and "supporters" were destroyed by all available means, in t.ch. Kuhn ordered the officers linked to several men drowned in the sea. The number of victims of Kuhn's almost impossible to determine exactly. In 1921 sent to Germany, where he tried to raise the communist uprising. In 1921-23 in leading Party work in the Urals. Since 1921 member of the Comintern Executive Committee, led the illegal work, a wholly owned I.V. Stalin, the Hungarian Communist Party (WCP). Staunch supporter of Stalin's methods of leadership, tried to create such a system and the MAC. In April. 1928 for revolutionary activity arrested in Vienna, but after the organization of the USSR noisy campaign released. From 1928 he lived in the Soviet Union, as one of the most famous figures of the Comintern. In 1938, arrested and sentenced to death. Shot. He was posthumously rehabilitated.