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Latsis, Martin I.

( The party leader, one of the heads of state security.)

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Biography Latsis, Martin I.
Lacis, Martin I. (real name - Jan Fridrikhovich Sudrabs) (14.12.1888, . Farmstead Putins Rozenbekskoy parish Vedeno County Lifland province - 11.2.1938), . Party leader, . one of the leaders of the state security,
. The son of a laborer. Educated in parochial school. In 1905 joined the Social Democracy of the Latvian territory (SDLC). In 1905-07 propagandist CC SDLC. Since 1912 in Moscow. In August. 1915 exiled to Irkutsk province, in 1916 he escaped and entered into the composition of the Petrograd Committee RSDLP. In 1917 he was one of the organizers of the Red Guards in the Vyborg district of Petrograd. Since October. 1917 members of the Vyborg district headquarters for the preparation of the uprising, then a member of the Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee (WRC) and the head of the Bureau of commissioners VRK. Since 15.11.1917 member of the Board of the NKVD, led the department of local government. Simultaneously 20/5/1918 member of the panel of the Cheka, in May-early June. department of the Cheka in combating counter-revolution. In July-Nov. Before 1918. Cheka and the Military Tribunal, a member of the Revolutionary Military Council (PBC) of the Eastern Front. When first encountered friction with the Left SRs, Latsis immediately began to insist on their withdrawal from the board of the Cheka. One of the staunchest supporters of increasing the punitive functions of the Cheka, an apologist for the Red Terror, differed unparalleled cruelty. Continuing demand from the KGB more and more shootings, emphasizing that the death penalty is not necessary to prove the guilt of the arrested, and the KGB should be guided by a "revolutionary consciousness". In July 1918 directed the suppression of rebellion in the Left Socialist-Revolutionary Moscow. At the end of 1918 made a strong protest against the proposal to withdraw from the People's Commissariat of Justice of the Cheka right to impose sentences. Became the official historian and theorist of the state security. He declared that "the Cheka. - Is not an investigative panel and not the court (although the KGB had a right to pursue both), it is - militant organ of the Party of the future, the Communist Party It kills without trial or isolated from society by entering into a concentration camp. What's the word - the law. Job Cheka should extend to all areas of public life, . where the counter-revolution is rooted in military life, . for prodrabotoy, . for public education, . for all positive economic organizations, . for sanitation, . the fires, . for traditional communications, etc.,
. etc. ". In Sept.. 1919 - Sept.. Early 1920. Secret Operations Division of the Cheka. In April-Sept. Before 1920. Ukrainian Cheka. From 1921 on economic work: deputy. prev. and before. Glavsoli. In 1922 before. Solesindikatai Deputy. early. General Directorate of mining, since 1923 member of the board of the RSFSR People's Commissariat of Agriculture, and before. Gosselsindikata. At the same time held the posts before. Council Mosselbanka and early. Lenizdat. In 1928 the responsible instructor, deputy. Head. Department of the Central Committee (6) for work in the countryside. One of the leaders of collectivization and operations dispossessed. Since 1932 the director of the Institute of National Economy named after GV. Plekhanov. 29/11/1937 arrested on charges of belonging to a counter-revolutionary nationalist organization. 11/2/1938 sentenced to death. Shot. In 1956, rehabilitated.

To use material from the book.: Zaleski KA. Stalin's empire. Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000


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Lacis, I. Martin (Martin Yanovich) (cf.. Pham. and the name Sudrabs Jan Fridrikhovich) (13 or 14 December. 1888 manor Webs Rozenbekskoy parish. Vedeno in. Livonia lips., - 11 Feb. 1938). From the family farm laborer. He graduated from the parish uch-School. Since 1905 tsp. P-d. Lett, edge (SDLC). In Rev-tion 1905-07 propagandist for the Riga-ta and CC SDLC, party armament. Cross, speeches. After passing the exam for the title of People. Teachers (1908), worked in the parish uch-School: from 1912 - in Moscow, studied at the Nahr. un-te AL. Shanyavsky. In 1915, one of the organizers of "Tver with-d. Latvian. group with RSDLP MK. Was arrested in August. 1915 exiled to Irkut. Lip. In 1916 he fled arrived in Petrograd, was introduced in RSDLP.

After the February. Revolution of 1917 is one of the leaders of the Vyborg district committee and the organizers of the RSDLP Kp. Guard. Affairs. 7 th (April) Vseros. Conf. RSDLP (b). Tsp. Vyborg Council and RDA RSDLP (b). Tsp. Bolshevik. fraction Internat. meeting of the District Councils RNC. Affairs. 6 th Party Congress (b) (July - August.): Speaking with the report of the Credentials Committee. Sep 24. reported RSDLP (b) on the combat readiness of troops Kp. Guard. October 16. the meeting RSDLP (b) stressed that the resolution RSDLP (b) on October 10. the preparation of armament. rebellion will be implemented. Since October. tsp. Vyborg district headquarters for the preparation of the uprising.

During October. armament. Restore. member of the Petrograd. WRC and the head of the Bureau of commissioners VRK. 15 Nov.. approved by the SPC member of the Board of the NKVD, was in charge of the department of local government. On May 20, 1918, concurrently. tsp. Collegium of the Cheka, in May - early July. Department Cheka against the counter-tion, in July - Nov.. prev. Cheka and the Military. Tribunal, member. RVS Vost. front, then dp. positions in the KGB. Following discussions on the conclusion of the Brest-Litovsk peace with Germany thought it necessary to immediately remove from the Cheka, the Left SRs, in the absence of such a measure called the latest "preview" F.E. Dzerzhinsky. In late. 1918 opposed the proposal of People's Commissariat of Justice to withdraw the Cheka, the right to impose sentences, thought it necessary to leave for the Cheka surveillance counter-revolutionary. elements, Preview, investigation and administration. Punishment. Later declared the advisability of the transfer apparatus Cheka, the NKVD, considering the Cheka extraordinary and temporary agency, asserted that "time will pass CET. war, while exceedingly. conditions of existence of the Soviet. authorities and the KGB would be redundant and will be removed from the apparatus of the Soviet. power "(Latsis M., exceedingly. Commission in the fight against the counter-tion, M., 1921. with. 27).

As their official. historian of the Cheka was a report on its activities during the 4 years, wrote a series of pamphlets and articles on the work of the Cheka. His views on the state security organs Naib. fully expressed in the book. "Exceedingly. Commission in the fight against the counter-tion '(Wiley, 1921), in a swarm-rice: "Cheka is not a consequence. Commission and Court. This - body combat, acting on inside. Front CET. war, enjoying in their fight techniques and effects. commissions, and courts and tribunals, and military. forces ... This - Battle Body Owls. power, providing the possibility of peaceful str-va. for millions of workers and peasants, the masses, who were in power ... This - the future of military organ of the party, the Communist Party ... But this is not the guillotine, his head cut off by order of the Tribunal. No, it destroys or without trial, finding the crime scene, or isolates from the ob-va, to concentration camps, or transferred to the Tribunal when it requires detailed study and the general public ... We have always been too soft. generous to the vanquished enemy and underestimated its viability and meanness ... At the very beginning to show the utmost severity, rigor, straightforwardness: the word, the law: for a crime should be followed by punishment, while a much smaller fall with the victims as well as with others. hand. That wisdom, to teach us, a swarm of these three years, CET. war ... (with. 8-9). 'In all areas of our lives the counter-tion developed everywhere, manifesting itself in various forms. Hence it is clear that the work of the Cheka, and should extend to all areas of owls. life, where the counter-rooted tion ... Cheka must watch for all: for the military. life, for prodrabotoy for People. education, for all households positively. org-governmental organizations, for sanitation, for the fires, for drug. communication etc.. and so on. "(ibid.,. 8.9. 24).

From 1921 on an administrative households., Desks. and State. work. Nov 29. 1937 arrested on charges of belonging to the counter. na-nalistich. org-tion, 11 Feb. 1938 Commission of the NKVD and the Prosecutor of the USSR sentenced to death. Military. Top-court panel reinstated the Soviet Union June 2, 1956.


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