Messing Stanislav Adamovich( One of the leaders of state security.)
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Biography Messing Stanislav Adamovich
Messing Stanislav Adamovich (1889, Warsaw - 2.9.1937), one of the leaders of the state security. Son conductor. He worked as a clerk. In 1908 he joined the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (from this moment he is counted in the length of the Communist Party). In Warsaw, was acquainted with F.E. Dzerzhinsky and IS. Unshlikht, who later gave him the patronage. In 1913, drafted into the army. All 1-World War I served in the rear. Since October. 1917 Secretary of the Executive Committee and before the Sokolniki. Sokolniki district Cheka. Since December. 1918 Member of the Board and Chief. Secret-Political Department of the Moscow Cheka. One of the main organizers of the "red terror and mass executions of hostages in Moscow. In June 1920, Deputy. prev. Moscow Cheka. Since July 1920 a member of the Collegium of the Cheka and January. Before 1921. Moscow Cheka. In March 1920 became a member of the Board "to oversee the regime of martial law in the life". Was known in circles as the Cheka businesslike, energetic, demanding a subordinate. 12.11.1921 appointed before. Petrograd Cheka (from 1922 - Management Bachelor's Degree in 1924 - OGPU), and G.E. Zinoviev asked to send him VN. Mantseva, and Messing's candidacy stood Dzerzhinsky. He clashed with Zinoviev, who unsuccessfully tried to displace. Since October. 1922 while commander of the Petrograd District HCP. Held a series of provocative operations to identify and neutralize the emigrant agents, continued persecution and arrests of political opponents (SRs, anarchists, Mensheviks, etc.). In 1923, in his description of the party said: "knows how to navigate the political environment, is able to control himself, the specific strengths and weaknesses there as an administrator - is good, and arranger - is weak, unable to admit mistakes". 24/9/1926 at Messing in his own office 18-year A.P. Pipe made an attempt (Hidden under the table Messing hurt. Tube was quickly shot). On 24.9.1929 Deputy. prev. OGPU, the Soviet Union, one of the closest associates V.R. Menzhinsky. Oversee the work of the Foreign Department of the OGPU. Opposed i.i. Berries. In 1930-34 a member of the CCC. In August. 1931 removed from the OGPU and was appointed a member of the board of the People's Commissariat of Foreign Trade. In 1934-37 the head of the Soviet-Mongolian-Tuvan Chamber of Commerce. 18.104.22.1687 arrested. 2/9/1937 sentenced to death. Shot. In 1957, rehabilitated.