MIKHOELS Solomon Mikhailovich( Director, Actor, People's Artist of USSR)
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Biography MIKHOELS Solomon Mikhailovich
Mikhoels Solomon Mikhailovich (cf.. name - all) (04.03.1890, Dvinsk - 13.01.1948, Minsk), director, actor, People's Artist of the USSR (1939), winner of the Stalin Prize (1946). Since 1919, played on the stage. One of the founders (1925) and since 1929 the artistic director of the Moscow State Jewish Theater. The most famous role Mikhoels Lear (Krol Lear by William Shakespeare), Tevye the Milkman (by Sholom Aleichem). Since 1941, Professor of School of the Moscow theater. During the war in February 1942 became the first chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, created to "engage in the struggle against fascism and the Jewish people throughout the world". Attracted to the work of the Committee of Kapitza, Sergei Eisenstein, Marshak, Ilya Ehrenburg, etc.. Was a member of the Presidium of the All-Russia Theatrical Society and the Central Workers' Union of Arts.
Simultaneously, an employee of the security organs. Together with other reading of the Jewish anti-fascist committee at the end of the war the government was collecting information about the processes taking place in Israel. The information was mistaken - Israel, receiving military aid from the USSR (the supply of arms in 1947 in Czechoslovakia), in 1948, switched to the U.S.. Jewish anti-fascist committee was then fluff, but its leaders were repressed (received prison sentences). Mikhoels, along with a theater critic in. Golubev, Potapov was killed by agents of State Security Ministry under the leadership of SI OGOLTSOV, and his death as an accident (hitting the truck).
. Why gosbezopasnovti elected bodies as rigid form of reprisals against Mikhoels (the other leaders of the Jewish anti-fascist committee held in prisons) are still not known for certain
. In any case, it ubistvo was not an act of anti-Semitism, as confused unscrupulous commentators portray this historical fact.