POSTYSHEV Pavel Petrovich( The Party leader)
Comments for POSTYSHEV Pavel Petrovich
Biography POSTYSHEV Pavel Petrovich
Postyshev Pavel Petrovich (6.9.1887, Ivanovo-Voznesensk - 26.2.1939). Party leader. The son of a weaver. In 1901, he joined the revolutionary movement. In 1904 joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. In 1906, a board member of the union sittsepechatnikov, a member of the Ivanovo City Committee RSDLP. In April. 1,908 arrested in 1912 and sent to exile in Irkutsk province. In 1914-17 a member of the Irkutsk Bureau RSDLP. Savg. 1917 Deputy. prev. Irkutsk Board and December. 1917 members of the Military Revolutionary Committee, before. Central Bureau of Trade Unions. From 1918 before. Revolutionary Tribunal, a member of Tsentrosibir and its representative in the Far SNK. One of the organizers of "red terror" in Siberia and the Far East, stood out even among the brutality of the Bolsheviks. In 1920, commissioner of the Central Committee of the RCP (6) of the Khabarovsk Territory. In 1921-22 the Government authorized the Far Eastern Republic (DDA) in the Baikal region in October-December. 1921 Member of the Military Council of the Amur Military District, in December. 1921 - Feb.. 1922 - Eastern Front, DDA, then before. Baikal executive committee. Since April. 1922 Regional Commissioner DDA Verkhneudinsk. Since August. 1923 Head. organizational and Instruction Department of the Kiev regional committee of the CP (b) of Ukraine. Ssent. 1924 Secretary of the Provincial Committee of the Kiev (then okruzhkoma) Party. Since 1925, candidate, since 1927 member of the CC, CPSU (b). On Nov.. 1926 Secretary of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine. From 13.7.1930 to 26.1.1934 secretary of the CPSU (B) and a member of the Organizing Bureau of the Central Committee. From July 1930 to January. 1933 directed the department of propaganda and agitation and the organizational department of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). In January. 1933 sent to Ukraine, where at this time of raging hunger, 2 nd Secretary of the Central Committee with the task "of course fulfill the plan of grain". In March 1933 Secretary of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine. Simultaneously January. 1933 to June 1934 1 st Secretary of Kharkiv, from July 1934 to January. 1937 Kiev regional party. On 10.2.1934 a candidate member of Politburo. The main proponent of repression against the Ukrainian intelligentsia (1932-37), which is accused of "nationalism". Then led pogrom "nationalist" training manual (b) of Ukraine, member of the troika, to impose the death penalty arrested on the basis of falsified data, and in some cases and with the full absence. It is thanks to him, took the unprecedented scale repression, were arrested all the regional committee secretaries, most of the secretaries of district committees, etc.. Furthermore, this was accompanied by the destruction of hundreds of thousands of ordinary citizens. At the suggestion Postysheva in 1936, Stalin returned to the people a Christmas tree - Christmas holidays. In 1937 was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. 18/3/1937 removed from the leadership of Ukraine and transferred to the Secretary of the Kuibyshev Regional Committee of the CPSU (b). Arriving in the area, organized an unprecedented campaign of arrests: in the field during his "governorship" were taken 110 secretaries of district. Postyshev - one of the most odious personalities in the party leadership in 1930. 10/6/1937 at Kuibyshev Postyshev Party Conference, "analyzing the methods of wrecking enemies, said the inactivity of many party officials. In the area after checking opened and exposed a large number of enemies of the Party ". "To drive out the enemy, we must immeasurably more vigilant," - said he. According to the memoirs NS. Khrushchev, "was a good man, though sometimes allowed increased tone unacceptable rudeness". At the plenum of the Central Committee (14.1.1938) was removed from the Politburo. In Feb.. 1938 expelled from the CPSU (b) and arrested on 21.2.1938. 26/2/1939 sentenced to death. Shot. In 1956, rehabilitated.