Ryutin Martemyan Nikitich( The Party leader)
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Biography Ryutin Martemyan Nikitich
Ryutin Martemyan Nikitich (13.2.1890, the village of Upper Ryutino Ust-Udi district of Irkutsk province - 10.1.1937, Moscow), party activist. The son of a peasant. From 1903 he worked at the candy factory (Irkutsk). then in the chandler's shop. In October. 1914 joined RSDLP, Bolshevik. During the 1-st World War II he served in Harbin, Ensign. Since Sept.. Before 1917. Joint Council of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies Harbin, before. Harbin Committee RSDLP (b), editor of "Struggle". Was attracted. 1917 fled to Irkutsk. In 1918 the commander of the military district of Irkutsk, in March 1918 Deputy. prev. Irkutsk executive committee. In 1919 Novonikolayevsk member of the Revolutionary Committee, before. Irkutsk executive committee. In 1920-21 before. Presidium of the Irkutsk regional committee of the RCP (B.). Member of the suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion (1921). Since January. on December. 1923 Executive Secretary of the Dagestan Regional Committee of the RCP (b). Since March 1924 the head. Agitation and Propaganda Department of the Moscow Committee of the RCP (b). In 1925, Secretary Krasnopresnensky District Party Committee (Moscow). At the XIV Congress of the RCP (b) (Dec.. 1925) strong support G.E. Zinoviev and L.B. Kamenev. Since 1927 a candidate member of the CC CPSU (b). Headed the group that carried out by disgruntled I.V. Stalin's policies amounted to appeal "to all members of the CPSU (b), in which he accused I.V. Stalin's perversion of the teachings of VI. Lenin's usurpation of power. Stalin to the Politburo demanded not only exceptional Ryutin from the party, but sentenced to death. However, thanks to the intercession SM. Kirov Ryutin then was rescued. 28/10/1928 osvobozhdenotdolzhnostisekretarya.S1928 Deputy. managing editor of the newspaper "Krasnaya Zvezda". In 1929, commissioner of the Central Committee of collectivization in Kazakhstan and Eastern Siberia, opposed increased repression against the kulaks and "prokulak". He prepared a note formed the basis for Stalin's article "Dizzy with success". Since March 1930 a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Economic Council of the USSR, before. Office fotokinopromyshlennosti. 23/9/1930 expelled from the party decision of the CCC, and soon arrested. Released 17/1/1931. He worked as an economist enterprise Soyuzelektro in Moscow. In Sept.. 1932 re-arrested and 1 1.10.1932 Collegium of OGPU chaired V.R. Menzhinsky sentenced to 10 years in prison. Became main defendants falsified the NKVD case "Marxist-Leninists" and in October. 1936 transferred from the political isolator in Moscow Suzdal. 10.1-1937 sentenced to death on charges of counterrevolutionary terrorist. Shot. In 1988, rehabilitated and restored in the party.