SMIRNOV Petr( The Party leader)
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Biography SMIRNOV Petr
Smirnov Petr (17.5.1897, p Belo Holunitskogo plant Sloboda County Vyatka province - 23.2.1939), the party leader. Army Commissar of rank 1 (1937). The son of working -. Education received in a trade school (1913) and the Military-political academic courses of higher political personnel of the Red Army (1925), courses of Marxism with the CEC of the USSR 1931). From 1910 worked as a digger. Since 1913 disciple of the carpenter, then - at Lysevskom plant. In March 1917 joined RSDLP (b). In 1917-18 he served in the Red Guard, then in the Red Army. In March-April. 1918 Commissioner of the Northern flying squad, which was established to suppress the peasant uprising in Olginskiy district of the Perm province. During the Civil War regiment Commissioner (1918-19), team (1919-20), in the political department of the army. Member of the suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion (1921). In the 1921-24 Commissioner divisions and corps in the North Caucasus, Moscow and Volga military districts. In May-Oct. 1924 and in 1925-26 Vice. early. Organization Department Political Department (ISD) of the Red Army. Since 1931 the beginning. political directorate of the Volga, from 1933 - Belarus, in 1935-37, the Leningrad military district. Since 1937 - deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In June 1937 appointed early. PUR WPRA instead shot himself YA.B. Gamarnik, simultaneous Oct.. 1937 Deputy. Defense Commissar. One of the main agents of Stalin's policy in the army, personally initiated and authorized the arrest of large numbers of commanders and political commissars of the Red Army. "Sabotage activities, - said S., - not localized to any particular link, and revenues and to the most grass-roots units, including the middle class to commanders and soldiers". 30.12.1937 When the People's Commissariat of Defense of the USSR was isolated Commissariat of the USSR Navy, S. quite unexpectedly, he was appointed Commissar. He continued his policy of arrests and purges in the Navy, where by this time had already destroyed almost all the higher chain of command. Finished off the rest have not yet arrested cadres of the Navy, practicing in t.ch. leaving the Navy, where on the site authorized the arrests of seafarers. 30/6/1938 arrested, but from the post of Commissar officially released until 8 Sept. C. During the investigation, to whom the torture and beatings by specifying a large number have not yet arrested commanders. At trial, refused to testify, was found guilty of involvement in the military-fascist conspiracy and 22.2.1939 sentenced to death. Shot. In 1956, rehabilitated.