Teodorovich Ivan Adol'fovich( The Party leader)
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Biography Teodorovich Ivan Adol'fovich
Teodorovich Ivan Adol'fovich (29.8.1875, Smolensk - 20.9.1937), the party leader. The son of a surveyor. Educated at the natural history department of Moscow University. In 1895 he joined the Moscow League of Struggle for the liberation of the working class ", then - in RSDLP, Bolshevik. Since 1902 a member of the Moscow Committee RSDLP. Repeatedly arrested, was attracted. 1903 sent to Yakutsk province, where in 1905 he fled abroad. In Switzerland, met with VI. Lenin, Secretary of the "Proletarian. In October. 1905 returned to Russia, a member of the Petersburg Committee. Since 1907 member RSDLP. In May 1909 arrested and sentenced to 5 years in prison. In 1917, released from exile by the revolution of February and March, arrived in Petrograd. Since August. 1917 comrade before. Petrograd City Duma. In 1917 a candidate member of RSDLP (b). Member of the October armed uprising in Petrograd. In October. 1917 entered the first of the SNK of the RSFSR as the People's Commissar for Food. Supporter of a coalition government with the Mensheviks and SRs, in Nov.. 1917 out of the CPC and the Central Committee in protest against the Leninist policy. In early 1918 he left for Siberia, in November. 1919 - January. 1920 fought against the white troops in guerrilla units. Since 1920 member of the Board of People's Commissariat of Agriculture. Since May 1922 Deputy. People's Commissar of Agriculture of the RSFSR. From March 1928 to 1930, secretary general of the International Peasant Council (Krestintern) and Director of the International Agricultural Institute. In the 1929-35 editor of penal servitude and exile ". Theorist of collectivization, the author of many works on the agrarian question. In 1937, arrested. Sentenced to death. Shot. He was posthumously rehabilitated.