Uglanov Nikolai( Party and state leaders)
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Biography Uglanov Nikolai
Uglanov Nikolai (5.12.1886, s Feodoritskoe Ryabinskogo County Yaroslavl province - 31.5.1937), party and state leaders. The son of a peasant. Educated in a rural school. From 1898, he worked as a trainee in a warehouse, a clerk (St. Petersburg). Member of the Revolution of 1905-07. In 1907 joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. In 1908 - 1911 he served in the Army, noncommissioned officer. From 1912 worked as a clerk in St. Petersburg. In 1913-14 before. union business officials Petersburg. In 1914, drafted into the army. In 1916, discharged for injuries. In 1917, Secretary of the Petrograd Union of Commerce and Industry employees. In 1918-20 before. Commission on Organization supply detachments, before. Petrograd District Commission against desertion, then Commissioner in the army. Directly involved in the organization of counter-insurgency operations in the countryside. Member of the suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion (1921). On 21.2.1921 secretary of the Petrograd Provincial Committee of the RCP (b). Almost immediately came into conflict with the head of the Leningrad G.E. Zinoviev, accusing him of violating the principles of collectivism and dictatorship. Party organization supported Uglanova, but VI. Lenin took the side of Zinoviev, and Uglanova in Feb.. 1922 transferred to the Secretary of Nizhny Novgorod Provincial Committee of the Party. In 1921-22 a candidate member in 1923-30 a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). Vsent. 1924 - Nov.. 1928 1 st secretary of the Moscow Committee of the CPSU (b). On 1.1.1926 a candidate member of Politburo of the CPSU (b) and 20/8/1924 member and secretary of the Organizing Bureau. In 1928, became one of the leaders of a so-called. "Right deviation", whose adherents were opposed to the NEP, and forcing the collapse of industrialization and collectivization, considering. that simultaneously with the heavy should the same pace and to develop light industry. In November. 1928 was defeated by the Moscow Party organization: in addition Uglanova lost their jobs secretaries of district committees - Red Presnensky (MN. Ryutin), Rogozhsko-Simonovsky (MA. Penkov) Hamovnichskogo (VA. Yakovlev) Zamoskvoreche (F.V. Kulakov), etc.. On Nov.. 1928 People's Commissar of Labor of the USSR. 24.4.1929 dismissed from the Politburo, Central Committee of the Organization Bureau and removed as Secretary, 3/8/1930 - from the post of Commissar. In 1930 he wrote to the Central Committee: "Comrade Stalin showed in his leadership of the Party, that he deserved a leader of the party, persistent and faithful follower of Lenin". In 1930-32 before. Astrakhan gorsbyttresta. Since early March 1932. sector for the production of consumer goods of the USSR People's Commissariat of Heavy Industry. 9/10/1932 dismissed and the case of Marxist-Leninists (Group MN. Ryutin) expelled from the CPSU (b). After a few months unemployed, Uglanov in January. 1933 got a gold mine "Znamenskii in Western Siberia. 17/2/1933 arrested in the case of "anti-party right-wing counter-revolutionary group". 16.4.1933 released and in May appointed manager Obrybtrestom (Tobolsk). 10/3/1934 restored in the CPSU (b), but again ruled 23.8.1936 and arrested. 31/5/1937 sentenced to death. Shot. In 1989, rehabilitated and restored in the party.