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Khinchuk Lev Mikhailovich

( Menshevik, statesman)

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Biography Khinchuk Lev Mikhailovich
photo Khinchuk Lev Mikhailovich
Khinchuk Lev Mikhailovich (16.11.1868, Poltava - 14.3.1944), statesman. The son of the owner tailor shop. He studied at the University of Bern. Since 1890 participated in the social-democratic movement. In 1903 joined the RSDLP, Menshevik. Repeatedly arrested. Conducted Party work in Simferopol, Tula, Moscow. During the revolution of 1905-07 a member of the Executive Committee of St. Petersburg Council. In March-Sept. Before 1917. Mossovet. In 1920 adopted the RCP (B.). Since 1919 member of the board of the RSFSR People's Commissariat for Food, where he worked in his own words, "intensely surplus-appropriation". From 1921 before. Tsentrosojuz, in 1926 before. Council Tsentrosojuz and before. National Center for Cooperative Council. On Nov.. 1926 trade representative in the UK. In 1927, diplomatic relations between the two countries were severed and sent to the USSR Khinchuk. Since July 1927 Deputy. narkomatorgovli USSR. Since 1930 Ambassador to Germanii.V1934-38 of the RSFSR People's Commissar of Internal Trade. In 1938, the chief arbiter of the State Arbitration RSFSR SNK. In 1938, arrested. Sentenced to lengthy terms of imprisonment. Died in custody. He was posthumously rehabilitated.

To use material from the book.: Zaleski KA. Stalin's empire. Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000


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Khinchuk Lev Mikhailovich (16 Nov.. 1868, Poltava, -7 Feb. 1939, Moscow). From the family tailor shop owner. For participation in the underground clubs expelled from school, the course passed externally. He studied at the Philosophical. f-te Berne Zap: in Switzerland in 1889, under the influence GV. Plekhanov, joined the Social Democrat. movement. In 1890 he returned to Russia to directly, with-d. work to-ц¦цЁц+ conducted in Tula, Simferopol. Moscow. Participated in discussions with the Populists, "The Economist" in the fight against Zubatov org-tions. To clarify the effect of differences in the 2 nd Congress RSDLP in 1903 he went abroad, became a Menshevik, he returned to Russia. Participated in the creation of Menshevik. org-tions in Kiev and St. Petersburg. Participant Revolution of 1905 -1907, member. Executive Committee of St. Petersburg. Council, organizer of the first in Russia, S.-e. Club. Affairs. 4 th Party Congress (1906), elected member of. CC. During the reaction created in Moscow "action groups" Mensheviks. Joint. with the Bolsheviks led the election campaign for the general p.-d. State candidates. Duma. During the 1-st world. War, led a group of Mensheviks, actively opposed the war. He worked as servants Mosk. Union consume. ob in. In 1914 he was arrested as one of the initiators of Russia's first collective agreement. Until Feb. Revolution of 1917 had been arrested 10 times, spent 12 years in prison and exile, three times running.

February 28. from Tsentrosojuz elected in Moscow. Council RD, from March it before. Moscow urged soldiers. Garrison to cooperate with officers. March 29 elected member of. Bureau Vseros. meetings of the Boards RNC. Speaking at its April 1. on the attitude to time. pr-woo, said: "The more organized we speak, so clearly soonest Time. pr-in will implement those requirements to the rye-he will bring a roar. democracy, and for this we, comrades, not at any coalition. min-va, no ... with the joint work "(" Vseros. meeting of the Soviets, with. 164). In May, a delegate Vseros. Conf. Menshevik. and the combined org-tions, elected member of. OK RSDLP. Delegate, member. Bureau 1-st All-Russia. Congress of Soviets of the RNC, June 12, offered a resolution on the org-tion of mass demonstrations in support of the Congress and Time. Prospect Island, was elected member of. VTsIK. In July, led by the SR-Menshevik. delegation had gone to the punitive detachment Regiment. AI. Verkhovsky to suppress the roar. actions by soldiers in the H. Novgorod. August 19. participated in the elimination of the strike sinks. J.-d. workers. As before. Mosk. Council, attracted to the work of the Bolsheviks: A.P. Rosengolz Council secretary, MI. Rogov treasurer of the Council, I.I. Skvortsov-Stepanov editor of gas. Izvestia: to prevent the closure of the Bolshevik. gas. "Social Democrat". At the opening of Merge, Party Congress on August 19. elected to the Presidency: entered RSDLP (o). After the adoption of Moscow. By Bolshevik. resolution of no confidence ACCESSED. pr-woo resigned from Sep 11. authority before. Council, stating that he considers absolutely correct position, to-Rui occupied Moscow. Council previously, and fatal to the Revolution of the conquest of power by the proletariat and the roar. Cross-tion. Affairs. 2-nd All-Russia. Congress of Soviets of the RNC (October), at a rum-spoke against the proposal YU.O. Martov on mezhpart. negotiations to build coalitions. Dem. Prospect Island, with the participation of the Bolsheviks, then read out the declaration of the Mensheviks, in a swarm-convicted in October. coup, argued that "the only possible peaceful solution to the situation are negotiating with ACCESSED. pr-tion of education authorities, based on all segments of democracy ...", and called for dissenting from the Bolshevik delegates to leave the Congress ( "2-nd All-Russia. Congress of Soviets of the RNC, "M-L., 1928, with. 37-38).

After the occurrence of gene. AI. Denikin in October. 1919 at Eagle broke with Menshevism. In 1920 joined the RKP (b). Last Liability. COOP. and State. work. Military. Top panel. Court of the USSR February 7. 1939 to a charge of the counter. and terroristich. activity was sentenced to death, the sentence is executed on the same day. Rehabilitated in 1956.


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