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SCHMIDT Vasily

( Trade Union and statesman)

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Biography SCHMIDT Vasily
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Schmidt, Vasily (or V.) (17.12.1886, St. Petersburg - 29.7.1938, Moscow), trade union and statesman. In 1905 joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. In 1907 he emigrated to Germany. In 1911 he returned to Russia in 1912-14 Secretary of the Union of Metalworkers of the Vyborg district. Petersburg Metalworkers' Union, a member of the Petersburg Committee. Since 1914, led the party work in Yekaterinoslav. In 1915-16 Secretary of the Petrograd Committee RSDLP. Repeatedly arrested, the last time in 1916. In 1917, Secretary of the Petrograd Committee RSDLP and the Central Council of Trade Unions. In October. 1917 members of the Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee, member of the armed vosstaniya.Deputat Constituent Assembly. Since December 1917 pom.narkoma, from November 1918 to July 1923 the RSFSR People's Commissar of Labor and a member of the Presidium of the All. Simultaneously, in 1918-20 Secretary of the All. 6/7/1923 became the first Soviet Commissar of Labor (held this position until 29.11.1928). In 1918-19 and 1925-30 Member, in 1919-20, 1921-23, 1924-25 and 1930-35 Alternate Member of the Party Central Committee. 28.5.1921 - 27.3.1922 and 01.01.1926 -26.6.1930 candidate member of the Organizing Bureau TSK.S 11/8/1928 to 1/12/1930 Deputy. prev. SNK and STO USSR. Adjoined to the right slope of the CPSU (b), but soon moved away from him. Since December. 1930 Deputy. People's Commissar of Agriculture of the USSR, from May 1931 to January. 1933 Umpire at SNK. Involved in the conduct of collectivization, which led to the destruction of the best part of the peasantry. Since 1933 Head. Khabarovsk Krai utilities department, in 1934-36 before. Khabarovsk City Council. 4/1/1937 arrested. 13/6/1937 sentenced to 10 years in prison. 29/7/1938 Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court sentenced to death. Shot. In 1957, rehabilitated.
To use material from the book.: Zaleski KA. Stalin's empire. Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000


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Vasily V. Schmidt (or Smith) (December 29. 1886, Peterburg, - July 29, 1938). Of the workers. He graduated in 1904, 4-class. State. uch-School. From 1905 to Jean-turner Dr. Workshop Entry into RSDLP in 1905, the Bolshevik. Participant Revolution of 1905 - 1907 (St. Petersburg). Since 1907 in exile (Germany). Since 1911 in St. Petersburg worked for W de. concurrently. secretary. Vyborg district, since 1914 St. Petersburg. obschegor. Metalworkers' Union, member. Perform, commission (bureau) RSDLP. Repeatedly arrested.

After the February. Revolution of 1917 was elected secretary on March 2. first legal Petersburg Committee and member of. to perform, commission, concurrently. from April. secretary. Petrograd. Central Council of Trade Unions, one of the red. pain-shevist. w. Metalist. Affairs. 7 th (April) Vseros. Conf. RSDLP (b) (24-29 May.): Made a report on the activities of the Bolshevik PC. Noting the "dominance of the Mensheviks in Petrograd. RDA Council, explained that the mass arrests on the eve of Revolution of: "... were Dep. cell, ch. arr. on the Vyborg side, tk. rest were destroyed most thorough way ", describing the work to recreate org-tion, said the lack of first single his political line," but gradually the line straightened out, and since the arrival of t. Lenin, he gave a different ideological direction of the character of work, here in St. Petersburg ", said that the Bolsheviks hoped to take the trade union movement in their hands; informed that obschegor. Bolshevik. Conf. "... came to the conclusion that to combat ACCESSED. pr-tion needs long. work; abrupt transition steps - as the slogan of overthrowing the Provisional. Prospect Island - not stated "[7-I (April) Vseros. Conf. RSDLP (b). Protocols. 1958,. 200-04] was a member of. Center, Board of Petrograd. Metalworkers Union. Affairs. 3rd All-Russia. Conf. Trade Unions (Petrograd, 21-28 June), made a report on the 8-hour. working day, in the resolution adopted by the DOS. of its report: the immediate promulgation of the decree of the 8-hour. working day for all branches of the employees, a total ban on overtime work without the consent of trade unions, employers responsible for failure of the law, the establishment of oversight bodies for the execution of the law (see: "Roar-tion 1917, t. 4. With. 102). Affairs. 6 th Party Congress (b) (July 26 - August 3.).

Sep 25. spoke at zasadanii Petrograd. Central Council of Trade Unions on the activities of its Executive staff. Commission, reported on the participation of trade unions in government. committees to develop legislation on labor, creating the structure of trade unions, a sharp (up to 450 thousand) increase in the number of their members, said: "Petrograd. Council of Trade Unions have not received indifferently by his political life and reacted to all more or less means the phenomenon. "(ibid.,. 277-78): a newly elected member of. Perform, commission Petrograd. Central Council of Trade Unions. At the enlarged meeting RSDLP (b) Oct. 16. made with the information that the trade unions organized St.. 500 thousand. workers. "The mood is such that vigorous action we should not wait, especially given the fear of calculations. Everyone agrees that regardless of the power struggle there is no way out. Full power to the Soviets "(" Protocols RSDLP (b), with. 96). October 25. Center. Board Petrograd. Metalworkers' Union on the initiative Schmidt decided to support the Petrograd. SRW, SRW transfer their techn. staff and provision for its needs 50 thousand. rub.; took an appeal to all the metal on the support of armament. Restore.; delegated Schmidt in the WRC. Affairs. 2-nd All-Russia. Congress of Soviets of the RNC (25-27 oct.), elected member of. VTsIK. Members to establish. Coll. (Tver izbirat. District).

In December, 1917 - April. 1918 POM. RSFSR People's Commissar of Labor. Affairs. 1-st All-Russia. Congress of Trade Unions (Petrograd, 7-14 January. 1918), was elected secretary. The All-Del. 7 th extraordinary congress of the RCP (b) (March 1918) of the Bolshevik. faction of the All-elected member of. CC. In April - October 1918 before. Center, Bureau of Petrograd. unions, at the same time secretary. AUCCTU: participated in the creation of Cr. Army.

Since October, 1918 the RSFSR People's Commissar for Labor, then dp. State. and desks. work. January 5. 1,937 arrested and June 3 Military. Top panel. Court of the USSR for belonging to a hand-woo "antises. org-tion of right "was sentenced to 10 years in prison: July 29, 1938 Military. Top panel. Court of the USSR sentenced to death. Rehabilitated in 1957.


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