Majorian( Roman Emperor)
Comments for Majorian
Majorian - Roman emperor in the 457.-461 gg. + August 7. 461 g.
Majorian grandfather on the maternal side was one of the generals Theodosius the Great, and his father was in charge of Gaul of revenue. Himself Majorian from his early youth devoted himself to military service. For many years he fought under the command of Aetius. In the end, his military fame aroused the envy of his wife Aetius, which forced him to resign. But after the death of Aetius Majorian thanks to his friendship with Ricimer, took an even more brilliant position. In 456 g. Avita Ricimer overthrew the emperor and received the title of patrician of the Roman Senate, became the de facto ruler of Italy. In February, 457 g. He Majorian elevated to the rank of chief of cavalry, and in April announced its emperor (Gibbon: 36). According to Procopius, Majorian surpassed its advantages all the emperors of the Romans, who ruled in the West (Procopius: 'War of Justinian', 3, 7). By adopting the name of Augustus, the first thing he forgave the people all the arrears of previous years and tried to reduce the arbitrariness of the officials who collected taxes, knowing that their abuse was the gravest evil for all subjects. Imperial power in the provinces, a purely fictional, it has strengthened and made more efficient. So he defeated King Theodoric ready and made the people of Spain and much of Gaul to reckon with their will (Gibbon: 36). Prisk wrote that Majorian entered into an alliance with the Goths, who occupied Gaul and annexed part of neighboring nations by force of arms, a part of the power of persuasion (Prisk: 21). After that he began to prepare for war with the Vandals, to take revenge on them for the brutal plundering of Rome. By this time the Romans had not had his fleet, and Mayorianu not had to spend a little effort to re-accustom them to the sea cruises. In the Apennines began harvesting timber ship, and throughout the empire declared donations. In a short time in the Carthaginian harbor in Spain were collected three hundred ships. But this armada was not destined to see the coast of Africa. Vandal King Geezer suddenly attacked the Roman fleet, part of the conquered, partly burned a lot of ships. Sources say that the success of the Vandals was made possible thanks to the treachery of the Roman generals. It is very likely that Majorian was betrayed by Ricimer, seeing a threat in the growing might of the Emperor. In August, 461 g. near Tortona in barbarian legions of revolt, supported by Ricimer. Majorian was forced to abdicate. Five days later, he died - on one data from dysentery, on the other - at the hands of the executioner (Gibbon: 36).