ALBERT I( German kings and emperors 'Holy Roman Empire')
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Biography ALBERT I
Albert I - German King and Emperor 'Holy Roman Empire' of the kind of the Habsburgs, who ruled in 1298-1308 he. Son of Rudolf I and Gertrude Goenbergskoy.
Wife: Elizabeth, daughter of the Duke of Tyrol Meinhard IV (+ 1313).
Albert, on the testimony of all - his contemporaries, was completely devoid of good qualities of his father, distinguished by severity and even the severity of temper, was quarrelsome, morose and covetous. In 1283, Mr.. Rudolph made him heir to the Duke of Austria, having attached to his possessions as Stark and extremely. For the next 15 years, Albert with an indomitable hardness strengthened his power in the lands granted to him. It arbitrarily rules Vienna, without regard for the liberties and rights of this city, brutally oppressed their vassals, seeking from them unconditional obedience. These despotic habits were then a novelty, and the subjects complained loudly to her duke, who also overlaid them with heavy tribute. Thus, in the eyes of his contemporaries, Albert had a reputation as a tyrant. Because of this, and also because of his power Electors on the death of Rudolf handed German throne Adolf of Nassau. But a few years later, after the battle of Gellgeyme, in which Adolf lost the throne, and life, Albert was elected as the new king of the German. During the election, he was generous in his promises, but having power in their hands, at once showed that he was going to actually be, not only to be called the King. It soon fell out with the mighty Albert Elector Gerhard, archbishop of Mainz and other Rhenish archbishops. At the end of May 1301, Mr.. He moved to Palatine of the Rhine and in two months forced him to surrender. Then he went to the Archbishop of Mainz, reined Bingen, after a two-month siege, captured the city and began to ravage the land bloom Archdiocese. In March 1302, Mr.. Gerhard resigned. Bingen and other fortresses were occupied by troops of King. Autumn surrendered the Archbishop of Cologne and Trier. After that success, Albert continued to increase their ownership. In 1308, Mr.. he was preparing to attack the Czech Republic, but during the assembly of troops was unexpectedly killed by his nephew John.