Wenk Walter (Wenk)( General Germanic army)
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Biography Wenk Walter (Wenk)
Wenk, Walter (Wenk) (1900-1982), General Germanic army. Born September 18, 1900 in Wittenberg. In 1911 enrolled in the Cadet School in Naumberge, in 1918 - a military school in Gros - Lichterfeld. In 1920 became a private in the Reichswehr in 1923 promoted to sergeant - officers. In May 1933 a wreath at the rank of lieutenant was transferred to the 3rd Motorized Cavalry Regiment. After training at the General Staff, Wenk in 1936 was admitted to the headquarters of the Tank Corps, stationed in Berlin. May 1, 1939 he was promoted to the rank of Major, and he was appointed staff officer 1, Panzer Division in Weimar. Within this division Wenk participated in the fighting in Poland and on the Western Front, where he was wounded in the leg. December 1, 1940 he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant. June 22, 1941 1 st Armored Division was transferred to the Eastern Front, where he participated in the battles of Leningrad, and then at Moscow. In December 1941 the division was encircled, but thanks to the plan developed by Wenk was able to escape from the environment, for that Wenk was awarded the Golden Cross and passed in the General Staff Academy. 1 June 1942 he was promoted to colonel, and again sent a staff officer on the Eastern Front. Wenk participated in the battle for the Caucasus.
During the Battle of Stalingrad, he was Chief of Staff of the 3rd Romanian Army, where the broken and demoralized parts he was able to develop effective units defending Rostov. December 28, 1942 Wenk was awarded the Knight's Cross, and February 1, 1943 promoted to Major-General. March 11, 1943, he became Chief of Staff of 1 Panzer Army, which took part in heavy fighting at Kamenetz-Podolsk and managed, through talent and abilities Wenk breaking out in the area of the Dniester. After that Wenk was appointed Chief of Staff of Army Group South Ukraine "by assigning him the rank of Lieutenant-General. Shortly thereafter, he became chief of operations and deputy chief of Army Staff. Now he gave his reports directly to Hitler, who failed to appreciate honesty, dignity, and mind Wenk.
. In mid-February 1945, when Soviet troops reached the banks of the Oder, the Germanic general staff developed a plan for a counterattack, which was supposed to carry out the group "Fistula" under the command of Reichsfuhrer SS Heinrich Himmler
. Chief of Army Staff General Heinz Guderian, Hitler persuaded to appoint a chief of staff groups "Fistula" Wenk, which gave at least some hope of success. Designed Wenk coordinated counterattack yielded their first results. 14 February 1945, forced to commute from the front line at the meeting in Berlin, breaking several hundred kilometers, completely knackered Wenk got in a car accident, received no serious injury. Without sending them to hospital Wenk counter factions completely drowned. April 1, 1945, still under treatment, Wenk was promoted to General of Armored Forces.
After a hastily formed 12-Army, Wenk was appointed its commander. Bad-equipped army at the beginning was thrown against the Americans, . April 20 and transferred to the district of Berlin with an order to stop the Soviet forces on the outskirts of the city and save from destruction were surrounded near Potsdam 9 th Army under General Theodor Busse,
. However, only, . that has not had sufficient resources of 12 Army, . a delay before May 1, the swift advance of the enemy and allow the refugees to leave the west, . and broke out of encirclement parts of 9-th army connect with the troops Wenk,
. By bringing together all the forces, burdened with thousands of refugees from the civil population Wenk was able to break through to the west, cross the Elbe and May 7, 1945 to surrender to the Americans. After the war, Wenk worked in various commercial and industrial firms, becoming in 1953 a member of the Board of Directors, and in 1955 chairman of the board of one of them. In the late 60-ies. Wenk retired.
Benk (Wenk), Walter (18.09. 1900, Wittenberg - 01.05. 1982, Rad Rothenfelde) military commander, tank troops (01.04. 1945). Educated in Naumburgskom Cadet Corps and the military school in Gross-Lichterfeld. In 1918-19 was a member of Volunteer Corps. 01.05.1919 entered into an ordinary 5-Reichswehr Infantry Regiment. 01/02/1923 to lieutenant. In 1936 he graduated from the Military Academy. From 1933 to motorized troops. In 1936 he served in the headquarters of the command tank troops (Berlin). From 10.11. 1938 the company commander 2-Panzer Regiment (Eyzenbah). From 01.03. 1939 Operations Chief of Staff 1 st Armored Division (Weimar). Member of the Polish and French companies, fighting on soveteko-germanskom front. He fought at Leningrad, Moscow. Developed a plan for breaking the division of the boiler. From 01.06. 1942 Chief of Staff 5-Panzer Corps, acting on the southern flank of the front. From September 1942 corpus Wenk led battles in the region of Rostov-na-Donu. During the battle for Stalingrad Wenk from 26.11. 1942 Chief of Staff of the 3rd Romanian Army. During the fighting, the army was completely destroyed, and the wreaths of its residues formed a composite connection, trying to create a more or less capable of. Commanding such teams units, wreaths were repulsed a counterattack of Soviet troops. From 27.12. 1942 transferred to Chief of Staff of Task Force to. Hollidt, which later regrouped in 6 Army. 28/12/1942 awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. From 11.03. 1943 Chief of Staff, 1 Panzer Army. Once again led the army breakthrough from the encirclement. From 24.03. 1944 Chief of Staff of Army Group South Ukraine, which was commanded by Colonel-General V. Schemer. From July 1944 Operations Chief and Assistant Chief of General Staff of the Army. In the post repeatedly presented reports to a. Hitler, who praised the quality of business Wenk. In February 1945 the General Staff developed a plan of counterattack on the Oder. The operation was entrusted to the Army Group Vistula, headed by the SS Reichsfuehrer G. Himmler, with no military experience, General G. Guderaan got from Hitler's appointment Wenk chief of staff of Army Group. Initially, attacks were successful, a 14.02. 1945 Wenk got in a car accident and was transferred to hospital. In the absence of Wenk operation failed. In April 1945, Wenk appointed commander of the 12 th Army, created by Hitler from disparate parts of. The purpose of the army was defense of Berlin from the West. 20.04. 1945 Wenk received orders to attack the Soviet forces and released 9 Army General T. Busse. Soon, at his command the army, absorbing the remnants of 9-th army, together with a large number of civilians made the throw to the West and 7 May surrendered to U.S. troops. After the war he served in the business. Since 1950, board member of the industrial firm, since 1953 Member of the Board of Directors, and in 1955 chairman of the board (Bonn). At the end of 1960 n. retired. He died in a car crash.