Richard Heydrich (Heidrich)( One of the founders of the paratroops, General paratroops, party 1-st world war.)
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Biography Richard Heydrich (Heidrich)
Heydrich (Heidrich), Richard (29.7.1896, LцTvald, Saxony - 22.12.1947, Hamburg-Bergedorf), one of the founders of parachute troops, General paratroops (31.10.1944). Participant 1 WWI. For military distinctions awarded the Iron Cross 1 st and 2 nd class. After demobilization on the Reichswehr. In 1936 formed a parachute infantry battalion, which was handed over to 1.1.1939 in the Luftwaffe as the 2 nd Parachute Battalion (he later became the core of the 7 th Air Division). Autumn of 1937 a battalion Heydrich made a favorable impression on the command during major maneuvers in Mecklenburg. This event gave an impetus to further development of parachute troops in Germany. Skydivers Heydrich took part in the occupation of Czechoslovakia. From 1/12/1939 to 5/2/1940 commander of the 4 th Reserve Infantry Regiment. In early 1940 entered the service in the paratroops and 1.6.1940 was appointed commander of the 3rd Parachute Regiment.
14.6.1941 awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. From 1/8/1942 i.o. commander of the 7 th Air Division (parachute), 1/11/1942 confirmed as. 1/5/1943 based on the 7 th Air Division under the leadership of Heydrich was formed 1 st Parachute Division. Since the end of May 1943 is permanently housed in the reserve in Fleurs (Avignon), those in the XI Air Corps, Army Group 'D'. The first part of the division were deployed to Sicily 12.7.1943 and became part of the XIV AK participated in the defense of the island. This division was the last part of Germany, who left Sicily 17/9/1943. Italy participated in the defense line of Cassino and the Battle of Cassino Wash. 5/2/1944 Heydrich was oak branch to the Knight's Cross, and March 22 - swords (55 having become a knight of this rather rare awards). On 18.11.1944 the commander of 1 Parachute Corps 10 Army. At the end of April. 1945 building was destroyed by Allied forces in northern Italy, and he 3.5.1945 Heydrich was captured by British troops. Kept in a POW camp, where the seriously ill and in July 1947 was released. He died in hospital.