FRIEDRICH III( King of Prussia and the Emperor of Germany from the genus Gogentsodpernov)
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Biography FRIEDRICH III
Frederick III (1831-1888) - King of Prussia and the Emperor of Germany from the genus Gogentsodpernov, who ruled in 1888. Son of William I and Augusta Sachsen-Weimar.
Wife: from January 25. 1858. Victoria, daughter of Queen Victoria of Great Britain (genus. 1840 g. + 1903).
Genus. October 18. 1831 g. + 15 June 1888
Traditionally Hohenzollern Friedrich in his youth was mostly military education, completed in 1849-1851 he. Training in the University of Bonn. During the wars with Denmark (1864), Austria (1866) and France (1870) Frederick held senior command positions in the Prussian army. Thus, during the Austro-Prussian War, he headed the Second Army, which played a prominent role in the battle with the Gardens, and the beginning of the Franco-Prussian war he commanded the Third Army, which took part in the Battle of Sedan. According to many contemporaries, the Prince has a pleasant character and personal charm, but his father had tense relations. Privately Frederick believed that William 1 indecent to live so long, thereby reducing the time of his reign. He concealed his resentment under an assumed rebelliousness: imagined himself a supporter of the constitution and parliament. On this basis, Prince broke with the 'Iron Chancellor' father, Bismarck, to whom life felt jealousy and intense dislike. The consequence was that Frederick 70-80-ies. was completely excluded from political affairs, kept away from the court and played only representational functions. As it turned out later, Frederick is not in vain jealous father to power: he himself had to edit the entire 99 days, and even those he spent in a hospital bed. He ascended the throne in early March 1888, already terminally ill with cancer, and in mid-June, died in Potsdam. His short reign did not leave any traces.
All the monarchs of the world. Western Europe. Konstantin Ryzhov. Moscow, 1999.
Gogetsollern Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia, the germ. Emperor Friedrich III
. Future King of Prussia and the Emperor of Germany's Crown Prince Frederick William was the son of Emperor Wilhelm 1 and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, and belonged to an ancient dynasty of Hohenzollern, . decides the fate of many European nations for several centuries,
. By long tradition of Hohenzollern, Friedrich Wilhelm in his youth was mostly a military education, completed in 1849-1851 he. attendance of lectures at the University of Bonn. During the war of Prussia against Denmark in 1864, Austria in 1866. and France in 1870. Crown Prince held senior command positions in the Prussian army. Thus, during the Austro-Prussian War, he headed the 2 nd Army, which played a prominent role in the Battle of Sadovaya. In the battle involved 215 thousand Austrians under the command of General Benedek, . had 770 guns, . and three Prussian army, . who led the Prince Friedrich Karl, . Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm and General von Bittenfeld, . total of 220 thousand people, with 924 guns,
. The Austrians, who occupied a very advantageous position, early in the morning were attacked by the 1 st Army, Prince Frederick Charles to the north and south of Garden Street, and then Elbe army background Bittenfelda. The dramatic events of that day many times been described by historians: a long and difficult battle with heavy casualties on both sides, the critical situation of the Prussians, which, however, improved following the approach of fresh troops under the command of Crown Prince. Attack 2 Army of Frederick William the flank and rear of the Austrian army decided the outcome of the battle. When resistance was pointless, the Austrians retreated, having lost 20 thousand people killed and wounded. Victory at Sadovoi successful campaign and turned the war.
Since the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War, Friedrich Wilhelm commanded the 3rd Army, which took part in the decisive battle of this war - the Battle of Sedan. Aspire to release Metz, the French army with 564 guns under Marshal MacMahon was knocked out from all positions of the 200 thousandth of the Prussian army when 774 guns under the command of General von Moltke and retreated in Sedan, . where folded arms,
. Among the captives was and French Emperor Napoleon III. June 19, 1870, Mr.. Crown Prince of Prussia was awarded Russia's Order of St. Georgia 2-nd degree '... for participation in the war against the French in 1870'.
According to many contemporaries, the Crown Prince has a pleasant character and personal charm, but with his father. Tense relations. The reason for this was the desire of the Prince as soon as possible to take the throne of his father and take over state power, although, on the other hand, Frederick William presented himself a supporter of the constitution and parliament. On this basis, Prince sold in the views from the 'Iron Chancellor' Bismarck, to whom life felt jealousy and intense dislike. Consequently, the future emperor in 1870-1880 he. was completely excluded from political affairs, kept away from the court and played only representational functions. As it turned out later, the Crown Prince is not in vain sought to power. Having ascended to the throne after his father died in early March 1888, he served his entire 99 days, which spent bedridden, terminally ill person. Doctors determined he had cancer of the larynx, made in early 1888. improve the operation did not produce. June 15 Frederick III, died in Potsdam.
On January 25, 1858. He was married to the daughter of British Queen, who wore, as his mother, the name Victoria. From Russia empire received the rank of Field Marshal as an honorary award and was named chief Izyumske Hussars.