GURTNER Franz (Gurtner)( Reich Minister of Justice in Hitler's first cabinet)
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Biography GURTNER Franz (Gurtner)
Gurtner, Franz (Gurtner), (1881-1941), Reich Minister of Justice in Hitler's first cabinet. Born August 26, 1881 in Regensburg in the family of a railway engineer. He studied law at Munich University. Participant 1-st world war, initially fought in France, then served in Palestine, was awarded the Iron Cross I and II degree. After the war, led jurisprudence. In 1919 joined Germanskuyu nationalist party. As Minister of Justice of Bavaria in 1922-32, he was defending Hitler, who seemed to him a consistent nationalist. Although Gurtner was not a member of the Nazi party, he always sympathized with the Nazi movement. That he has a relatively mild punishment for Hitler after the failed "Beer Hall Putsch" in 1923, contributed to his release from Landsberg prison and persuaded the Bavarian government to legalize the Nazi party and allow Hitler to speak publicly.
. In June 1932 Gurtner was appointed Minister of Justice in the government of von Papen, and in 1933 took the same position in the first government of Hitler
. After the bloody events of "Night of Long Knives" on the initiative Gurtner adopted a resolution proclaiming of Hitler's "fair, aimed at protecting the state". It is responsible for dismantling the old legal system, to ensure policy glyayhshaltung and the creation of the Nazi courts. At the beginning of 2 nd World War Gurtner established special courts-martial (Standgerichte), deciding the massacre of Jews and Poles in occupied Poland. Gurtner died in Berlin on January 29, 1941, after which arose the assumption that as a lawyer, old school, it was not until the end agree with everything ordered to do, and every day life version that his death was violent.