Julius Langbehn (Langbehn)( German writer, one of the forerunners of the theory of National Socialism.)
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Biography Julius Langbehn (Langbehn)
Langbehn, Julius (Langbehn), (1851-1907), German writer, one of the forerunners of the theory of National Socialism. Born March 26, 1851 in Haderslebene. In 1890 he anonymously published a book that became a sensation, "Rembrandt as a teacher, whose name he borrowed from the third part of" Untimely Meditations by Friedrich Nietzsche.
. As a representative of the younger generation, Langbehn was concerned about finding the heroic ideal and found it in the Dutch painter Rembrandt (1606 - 1669), whom he "adapted" for Germany
. For Langbehn Dutch artist seemed an integral part of Germanic culture, which was under threat of "Americanization". Langbehn praised the powerful, germanskogo enlightened monarch, who, he believed, was elevated to the throne of grace of God. He saw Germany's Nordic race as "superiority of the Aryans", which are intended to dominate the world. Great Germany, the future, he said, would rule Europe and, despite the European borders, will gain world domination. True religion of Germany has always been not Christianity, but "ariystvo". Langbehn rejected the "one-sided intellectual education" and called for the natural and "poetic" personality development. He extolled the conservatism in the culture and folk art. His theory, as the theory of Lagardц¬re, jacks, Gobineau and Chamberlain, and later have adopted and used by Hitler and Nazi ideology. Langbehn died April 30, 1907 in Rosenheim.