Julius Leber (Leber)( One of the leaders of the German Social Democratic Party, member of the conspiracy against Hitler)
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Biography Julius Leber (Leber)
Leber, Julius (Leber), (1891-1945), one of the leaders of the German Social Democratic Party, member of the conspiracy against Hitler. Born November 16, 1891 in Bisheyme in a working family. He began his career as an apprentice at a textile factory. Even in his youth he joined the social-democratic movement. He studied in Freiburg and Strassburgskom universities, he studied political economics and history, earning his living by tutoring and publications in newspapers. During the 1-st world war volunteer went to the front, was wounded, was awarded many military decorations, in March 1915 promoted to officer rank. In 1920, Leber graduated from the University of Freiburg, received his doctorate. Member Kapp Putsch. In 1921 became chief editor of the newspaper "Folksbote" ( "Volksbote") in Lц+beck. In 1924-33 member of the Reichstag. Unshakable opponent of Hitler, even in the 20-ies. joined the fight against National Socialism. It is brought by the Nazis in the list of the main enemies of the movement.
January 31, 1933, the day after Hitler came to power in Leber was an assassination attempt, he was wounded. After recovery Leber returned to Berlin to take his place in the Reichstag, but was arrested, tried and sentenced to twenty months imprisonment. While serving his term and went out to freedom, he was again arrested as "a person who represents a threat to security" and sent to concentration camps, first in Esterwegen, and then in Oranienburg.
Freed in 1937, Leber joined Kreysau group. He also was among the closest associates of Karl Friedrich Goerdeler, organized the conspiracy against Hitler. In the case of displacement of Hitler, Leber was predicted for the post of Minister of Interior in the future transitional government.
. Moreover, Leber was acquainted with Count Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg, chosen for the attempt on Hitler
. Leber Stauffenberg helped to attract anti-Nazi conspiracy-minded officers. June 22, 1944 during one of the secret meetings Leber was arrested by the Gestapo, together with other German Social Democrat Adolf Reyhveynom. Their arrest the conspirators forced to postpone the scheduled date of the assassination attempt on a later date. Both appeared on Oct. 24, 1944 before the People's Tribunal, which found them guilty of treason and sentenced to death.
. According to one of those present at the meeting of the tribunal of journalists, he had never seen such nobility of character and such a deep conviction to their cause, which showed Leber during his announcement of sentence
. Reyhveyna executed on the same day. Leber was hanged on January 5, 1945 in PlцTtzensee Prison in Berlin.