Manteuffel, Hasso von Manteuffel (Manteuffel)( General Germanic army, politician, Baron)
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Biography Manteuffel, Hasso von Manteuffel (Manteuffel)
Manteuffel, Hasso von Manteuffel (Manteuffel), (1897-1978), General Germanic army, politician, Baron. Born January 14, 1897 in Potsdam, the grandson of Prussian Field Marshal Edwin von Manteuffel (1809-1885). In 1908, following the family tradition, Manteuffel entered the Prussian Cadet Corps in Naumburg, and then to a military school in Berlin-Lichterfeld. Participant 1-st World War, was wounded. He served in the Reichswehr. In 1932, Manteuffel became squadron commander in the 17 th Cavalry Regiment in Bamberg. In 1934 he was transferred to 2 Motor Cycle Battalion. In 1935, Heinz Guderian convinced Manteuffel move in the 2 Panzer Division to the position of company commander.
. In 1937, Manteuffel serves as an official adviser to the Inspectorate of tank forces, then commandant of the military school in Potsdam - was preparing a tank crews
. After Germany attacked the Soviet Union Manteuffel fought in the 7-Panzer Army Group Center, the regimental commander. In December 1941, for forcing Moscow-Volga Canal under Yahroma Manteuffel was awarded the Knight's Cross. Then 7-Division was transferred to France. In July 1942 Manteuffel was appointed commander of the 7 th Brigade pantsergrenaderskoy. In early 1943 he was sent to North. Africa, fought in Tunisia. May 1, 1943 Manteuffel was awarded the rank of Major General. In November 1943 for fighting near Kiev and Zhitomir Manteuffel was awarded the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross. In early 1944, Hitler appointed him commander of a "Greater Germany" - an elite, composed entirely of volunteers, armed to the teeth Armored Division, fought in Romania, and then in Vost. Prussia. In February 1944 Manteuffel was promoted to lieutenant general and was awarded the Swords to the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.
In January 1945 he was appointed commander of 5 Panzer Army on the Western Front, having received the order to break through to Brussels. Stripped of air support and sufficient fuel and ammunition, and faced with a decisive Allied counteroffensive, he vainly appealed to Hitler for help. As the Fuhrer hesitated, Manteuffel spoke with despair of "corporal" and ordered a general retreat to the line of the Rhine. Despite this, Hitler awarded him the Diamonds to the Knight's Cross. In March 1945, Manteuffel, commander of the 3rd Panzer Army on the Eastern Front - Hitler's last hope. May 3rd, 1945 troops surrendered Manteuffel. End of 1945 and beginning of 1946, he held a variety of English prisons, in March 1946 he was returned to Germany, to judge at the Nuremberg trials. In late 1946, he was released. He worked in Cologne bank Oppenheim. From 1953 to 1957 Manteuffel was a deputy of the Bundestag. Died Dissene-on-Ammersee (Bavaria) in 1978.