TERBOVEN Joseph (Terboven)( Nazi Reichskommissar Norway)
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Biography TERBOVEN Joseph (Terboven)
Terboven, Joseph (Terboven), (1898-1945), Nazi Reichskommissar Norway. Born May 23, 1898 in Essen. By profession a bank employee. In 1930 was elected to the Reichstag from the Nazi Party from the electoral district Dц+sseldorf-West. In 1933 he was appointed to the Prussian State Council and became Gauleiter of the NSDAP in Essen. Situation Terbovena in party circles was consolidated after the Fuhrer was present at his wedding 28 June 1934 in Essen. February 5, 1935 Terboven was appointed president of the Rhineland, and in September 1939 - Reichskommissar Defense VI defensive District. After the Nazi invasion of Norway 9 April 1940, Hitler felt it necessary to appoint a credible governor here. Fuhrer was not satisfied with the actions of the puppet Vidkun Quisling, the Norwegian Prime, . was unable to ensure the support of the Norwegians, . and dismissed him on April 15, . just 6 days after, . as Quisling proclaimed himself prime minister,
. First, in Norway, was established administrative council, . consisting of 6 leading Norwegian nationals, . including Bishop Eyvindr Berggrava, . Chairman of the Norwegian Lutheran Church, . and Pal Berg, . President of the Supreme Court (and later headed the Norwegian Resistance Movement),
. Hitler did not trust this advice and April 24, 1940 appointed Terbovena Reichskommissar Norway, giving him the title Obergruppenfiihrer CA (general). This appointment met with opposition by General Wilhelm Keitel, who wanted to control the occupied Norway remained in the hands of military. When Hitler told Keitel that he nevertheless appoint Gauleiter for this position, Keitel threw his briefcase on the table and left the room.
. Ill leadership Terbovena in this post reminded the board of Reinhard Heydrich in Czechoslovakia
. In the first months of his reign Terboven adopted measures that have created the impression that the Norwegian Jews would not be prosecuted, but little by little the situation of Jews in Norway was getting worse and worse.
. In June 1941, shortly after the invasion of German troops in the Soviet Union, Terboven they cracked down on Jews in TromsцT and other northern cities of Norway and deported them to Germany
. Other prisoners were executed in Trondheim. Jews in Oslo was not touched, but on Feb. 2, 1942 Terboven ordered all of them to sew clothes for the Star of David, and fill up the papers with letter "J" ( "Jew").
Terboven was suspicious of all Norwegians. While in office, he, among other things, organized the export of Norwegian granite in Germany, which was used for the construction of heroic statues of Hitler, designed by Albert Speer. Terboven died in May 1945, allegedly committed suicide.